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Guide to getting a H1b cap-exempt job

Guide to getting an cap-exempt H1b job (AKA what to do if you were denied cap-subject H1b on your last year of OPT)

Hi all,
After months of job searching and hunting, I have finally secured a job with a cap-exempt employer. It took 342 applications, 63 initial phone screens, 43 technical phone screens, 37 programming assessments/exercises and 11 on-site interviews leading to 4 offers. The span of time from the first day I started targeting cap-exempt employers to the day I signed my offer was 192 days.
In light of the struggle it took to finally arrive at this stage, I thought I'd share bits of information that I discovered or found useful while undergoing the whole process. Hopefully people who are in a similar situation can benefit from it.

Defining Cap-exempt Employers
Cap-exempt employers are divided mainly into three categories:
  1. Public or non-profit institutions of higher education
  2. Non-profit entities related or affiliated to an institution of higher education
  3. Non-profit research organizations or governmental research organizations
It is important to note here three things:

Why Target Cap-Exempt Employers?
Generally speaking, there are only two reasons why someone would specifically target cap-exempt employers.
  1. You want to work at a non-profit organization, which includes academia/universities.
  2. You're on your last year of OPT and still haven't found a cap-subject H1b sponsoring employer. You either missed the timeframe/deadline in April or you have an employer that has started the petition process but are unsure if it'll get approved in the end and need a backup.

How to Check if an Employer is Cap-exempt
There aren't many online resources that list out cap-exempt employers. The most useful one I found was My Visa Jobs' search portal for H1b employers. Just check the box that says "Cap Exempt" in your search. It'll list out all the cap-exempt employers ranked by how many successful h1b and green card applications they've had from 2016 to 2018. It is important to note that this database is not 100% accurate - I've applied to companies listed as cap-exempt on My Visa Jobs later to find out and be told by the recruiter that they are not cap-exempt and never have been. There are instances where a company WAS cap-exempt years prior but got acquired by a for-profit company or underwent some kind of restructuring and thus are no longer cap-exempt. There are also companies that are just not listed on My Visa Jobs because they are newly founded. In the end, the only way to verify with absolute certainty was to ask the company. Still, from what I could tell, My Visa Jobs accounts for quite a lot of cap-exempt employers and was my go-to source for checking that information.
A few other resources:

Industries to Target - the most common cap-exempt employers are in these industries
University/Higher Education
Obviously the biggest cap-exempt organizations are non-profit universities. But not all universities are willing to sponsor H1b visas for non-academic jobs. For example, I was quite disappointed to hear my alma mater(Purdue University) absolutely would not sponsor H1b for anything other than professorships. Competition for the non-faculty jobs that ARE sponsorship eligible is really really tough. From my experience, it was difficult to even get a phone screen for most university jobs. Of the 117 university jobs I applied for, I received 6 phone screens. I don't want my anecdotal experience to discourage anyone - this could be attributable to factors that are specific to my case. Some of the difficulties of getting university jobs were discussed here on a previous post I made.
National Laboratories and Research Institutes
If you're in a science field this is the way to go. Some of these national laboratories are humongous, well-funded and have thousands of active job postings. Because many of the roles are conducting advanced research in the sciences, you'll find they're often looking for PhDs and Postdocs. Another thing to note is that a substantial number of these research organizations are contractors to the American government or military. This means that sometimes roles require security clearances, which automatically eliminates non-US citizens. So make sure to search for any mention of obtaining security clearance in the job description. There are exceptions where a person of exceptional skill or unique expertise can obtain a lower-level security clearance, but it's rare.
There are also big corporations that have non-profit research arms that are cap-exempt, like Samsung Research America and Mercedes-Benz Research & Development.
examples: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Battelle Memorial Institute, Scripps Research Institute
Healthcare/Hospitals
Hospitals generally tend to be cap-exempt because of their affiliation with higher education institutions. And surprisingly, a good number of hospitals are willing to sponsor H1b visas for roles that fall outside of patient care. I've seen numerous job postings and interviewed for roles that are focused on database management, data analytics, cybersecurity, front-end and back-end software development, etc. I found hospitals to be generally responsive and offered decent salary bands. However, not having previous experience in healthcare seemed to be a consistent dealbreaker for most of the hospitals I talked to.
examples: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Mayo Clinic, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Mount Sinai Medical Center, basically any university hospital
Biotech/Life Science/Biomedical/Genomics Research
If you're a biology/life science major with computational skills, you will have plenty of opportunities here. There are a lot of Biotech/Life Science/Biomedical/Genomics companies that are cap-exempt. Most of them are geographically concentrated either in the Greater Boston area or the Bay Area. These companies were the fastest to respond to my applications and generally had the best and most efficient recruiting practices(a lot of the ones in the Bay Area are very well-funded startups). Not unlike the research institutes, because of the focus on science, they get a lot of PhD applicants and competition is stiff.
examples: Genentech(Roche), Amgen, Novartis
EDIT: I was misinformed. I have come to find out that Biotech companies are almost never cap-exempt.

When to Apply
APPLY AS EARLY AS FRIGGIN POSSIBLE. SERIOUSLY. Universities and government-backed research organizations all tend to process applications at a remarkably slow pace. For example, the average response time it took for me to hear back from my initial application submission was 47 days. And they also take their sweet, sweet time interviewing people. In one of my final on-site interviews at a university, in the final wrap-up session, I was told by the hiring manager that they have interviews scheduled for the next 2 months for the position, and that a final decision would take a whopping 3 months.

Be Open to Relocation, Different Job Titles, Lateral Moves, etc.
Here are some relevant numbers(as posted on My Visa Jobs): There are a total of 747,062 visa-sponsoring companies in the US, of which 15,591 are cap-exempt employers. That is roughly 2 percent. It will do you good to be conscious of the fact that your options are limited compared to the average job seeker. Being open and flexible about your requirements will allow you to cast a wider net in terms of job applications, and therefore increase your chances of getting hired. In my case, I was hoping to stay in the Bay Area, but most companies/startups in the Bay Area are very much for-profit and I was basically limited to the local universities and hospitals as potential employers. Those didn't pan out so I applied for roles ranging from the West Coast to the Midwest, and that definitely gave me more interview opportunities.

How to Bring Up Topic of Expiring OPT/Needing H1b to Prospective Employer
I was asked this question by a couple of other fellow cap-exempt job seekers. I was just upfront about it. In fact, it was the first thing I mentioned on the phone screen when I got to ask questions about the job. I see no point in hiding this information. It's a waste of time for both sides if you advance to the latter stages of the application process only to find out that they don't sponsor visas or need somebody with more time remaining on their OPT.

Company Recruiters often know very little about Visas and Immigration, Check with legal counsel if necessary
Sometimes company recruiters will say yes to everything because they need people to refer to hiring managers. If you have a question about that company's policy towards visas or immigration, and it seems like the recruiter knows very little, ask to be referred to their legal counsel or ask the recruiter to check with their legal counsel for you. I had an application go all the way to the offer stage but then crumble unexpectedly because the recruiter assured me multiple times that the company was cap-exempt without really knowing what that meant. After I signed the offer, the recruiter actually checked with legal counsel and found out they weren't cap-exempt so the offer was cancelled immediately.

Have a Backup Plan
The truth is landing a cap-exempt job can be difficult, and it definitely was for me. All the restrictions you face drastically limit the pool of jobs to which you can apply. So make sure to have a backup plan just in case your efforts come up short. For me, that meant two things:
Preparing for Canadian Express Entry
Express Entry is a permanent residence program in Canada for skilled immigrants. It's a point-based system that determines your score and eligibility based on your education, work experience, language skills. It's a really long process so I would recommend preparing everything in advance. In fact, I'd say if you just received your STEM OPT extension, it's good to start the process RIGHT NOW if you want to have it as a backup. If you'd like details on everything that is required, there's plenty of info on ImmigrationCanada.
Applying for jobs in Canada, Europe and Australia.
For me, it was not easy to get far in the application process for companies in Canada or Australia. But I had quite a lot of interviews with companies in Europe. Salaries tend to be lower in Europe compared to the US, especially for science and engineering roles, but working in Europe has its own perks like more paid vacation days and affordable healthcare and lower tuition fees. I was surprised to find a lot of startups in Europe were keen on hiring from abroad and I ended up interviewing for companies in the Netherlands, Finland, Sweden, Denmark, Ireland, Belgium, Switzerland, Italy, France and Germany. I purposely avoided jobs in the UK because of uncertainty relating to Brexit. If you work in tech, I highly recommend the Netherlands as an option because the companies in Amsterdam had one of the highest salary ranges in Europe(I think Switzerland was highest, especially in banking) and really seem to have a great work-life balance and startup culture.
Another degree?
This wasn't really an option that I considered, but you do always have the option to quickly apply for another bachelors/masters/doctorate program at a university to extend your stay in the US. It would mean having to pay for tuition and waiting a few years to enter the job market again so it may not make the most sense to a lot of people.
J-1?
So the J-1 is also an alternative you might consider to further your stay. This would limit your options to mostly universities and research institutions as it is specifically intended for visiting scholars. But bear in mind that the J-1 has some interesting components such as the 212(e) Two-Year Home Country Physical Presence Requirement. It essentially states that you have to return and stay in your country of permanent residence for at least two years after finishing your J-1. It is explicitly meant to prevent you from gaining US permanent residence or switching to an H visa after your J-1 visa expires. This requirement CAN be waived for certain people with specific conditions.

General Advice
Well I hope some of this information has been helpful, especially to those who find themselves in a similar situation.
I'd be happy to answer any questions if you have them. Cheers!
submitted by sayounh to immigration [link] [comments]

8 Massive Military Discounts You May Not Know About

There are literally hundreds of different businesses out there that give discounts and benefits to service members. Ranging from restaurants to clothing stores and everything in between; 9 times out of 10 when you whip out your Military ID in the check out line and ask if they have a military discount, chances are they will say yes (at least in the south-east and Texas of course :-p). These discounts typically range between 5-15% and are NOT the focus of this post. There are literally too many to count, and they are usually well advertised.
The focus of this post is the massive military discounts that are not heavily advertised. Size doesn’t always matter (just ask my wife lol), but when I use the term “massive”, I’m specifically referring to 40% off and higher; amazing deals that can save you hundreds or even thousands of dollars in both the short and long term.
How else do you think ole Ms. Mona Lisa was able to afford those sick PNVG-18’s on her first deployment to the ‘Stan?
SSG(ret) Mona Lisa’s Hero Photo taken at Bagram Airbase during OEF-I

1) EPIC Ski Pass ($99)

I posted about this before, but I'll include it again. If you have absolutely any desire to go skiing this year or next, then you need to get this unbelievably outstanding deal. The EPIC pass gives you UNLIMITED ski sessions at the following resorts for the 2019 ski season:
Vail, Beaver Creek, Whistler Blackcomb, Breckenridge, Park City, Keystone, Heavenly, Northstar, Kirkwood, Stowe, Wilmot, Afton Alps, Mt. Brighton, and Perisher in Australia.
This pass is typically $900 for liberal, granola-eating hipsters, but since you are a meat-eating, freedom-loving, door-kicker you can get it for $99. This includes dependents. For reference, a single day lift ticket at Vail can cost over $100!
You can check it out here:
https://www.epicpass.com/pass-results/military.aspx
14 resorts, 1 pass, unlimited sessions… nothing between you and a good time but $99 and a piss test when you sign back in off leave.

2) Microsoft Office Professional 2016 ($10)

Want to up that Power Point game at home? Trying to learn a new awesome formula in Excel to brag about to your friends at work? Well I have just the deal for you.
AKO offers Microsoft Office to active duty army for insanely cheap (among other things like Rosetta Stone, etc). However, they do a really shitty job of advertising it and an even shittier job at streamlining the process to actually get it (as with everything with the Army). Here is literally all you have to do.
Step 1: go to http://hup.microsoft.com
Step 2: Type in your Army email address
Step 3: Use ABAD560AD0 as your product code
Step 4: Receive email and Click the button in the email to confirm your registration
Step 5: Enter payment $10 (normally $400) and download program
![img](1qiyaiuyztz01 "Every staff officers’ guilty pleasure ")

3) Disney World (4 days for $226) / Disneyland (4 days for $168)

If you are in the military and you paid full price to take your family to one of the Disney theme parks, then you probably want to stop reading right now because you’ll end up killing yourself. While Disney World itself does provide military discounts through their website, you can find MUCH higher discounts at your local base MWR through the Disney Armed Forces Salute Program.

Disney World

Get a four-day Park Hopper pass for $226 or a five-day Park Hopper pass for** $24**6. Park Hopper means you can go to more than one park in a day. For reference a one day ticket at Disney World costs about $120.
Tickets must be used between January 1, 2018 and December 19, 2018 and must be purchased on base at your MWITT office. For more information and details, visit Disney World’s promotional page.

Disneyland

Get a four-day Park Hopper pass for $168 or a five-day Park Hopper pass for** $18**8.
Tickets may be used January 1, 2018 to March 22, 2018 and April 9, 2018 to December 19, 2018 and must be purchased on base at your MWITT office. For more information and details, visit Disneyland’s promotional page.

Shades of Green

Lodging is the next major expense that destroys a service member’s wallet when planning a Disney Vacation. I’ll be honest, I’m not a huge fan of Shades of Green, but that is mainly because they don’t accept Rewards Points. If you read my article on the 4 Best Rewards Cards for Military, then you know that I am a huge fan of using Rewards Points to pay for lodging and using automatic elite hotel status for free meals. Additionally, depending on the experience you are looking for, you can find even better deals on condos and houses on Airbnb (which DOES accept Rewards Points)!
However, many military families absolutely swear by Shades of Green, and for that reason, I will include it. If you are looking for an “on-campus” resort experience with close proximity to all the parks, Shades of Green provides MUCH better prices than the official Disney chain hotels to military service members and their family. You can view eligibility requirements here.
These Air Force dudes look a little too excited to be watching Mickey dance...

4) Sea World & Busch Gardens (Free)

U.S. active duty, activated reservists, and National Guardsmen receive one free admission per year for the service member and up to three dependents.
The offer must be redeemed online through the Waves of Honor program.
“Damnit, who let the Coast Guard guy in the front of the line!?”

5) ExpertVoice (40-70% off)

Previously known as 3point5 and Promotive, ExpertVoice is online marketplace for experts with significant personal and professional industry influence aka “Pro’s”. It provides an umbrella for dozens of brand incentive programs to reward industry professionals and influencers with exclusive product offers, deep discounts, free samples, and insider knowledge applicable to their field of expertise.
Pretty much every major outdoor retailer (Patagonia, Merrell, Mountain Hardwear, etc.) all offer “pro-deal” discounts for outdoor industry experts. Lucky for you, most of these companies consider anyone with a “.mil” email address to be an “industry expert”. Boy have we got them fooled…
In the past, you had to sign up for each one of these programs separately. Each one had different rules and the process could be pretty convoluted. However, ExpertVoice captures dozens of these programs all under one roof. Simply register on the website, and use your “.mil” email address to sign up for “U.S. Army” affiliation. If you have a SOF email (soc.mil, socom.mil, etc.) or copy of your Ranger School or Q-Course certificate, you can sign up for the “Special Forces” affiliation (someone forgot to tell them the difference between SOF and SF lol). Once approved you will have access to 24 different Pro Deals all from one website.
Here is a list capturing a good chunk of the pro-deals that are out there if you want to sign up individually:

6) National Park Service (Free)

Once again, if you ever paid to visit Yellowstone, Yosemite, or any other national park, stop reading because you are going to want to kill yourself. The National Park service offers free annual passes to all military service members and their dependents. Each pass covers entrance fees at ALL national parks and national wildlife refuges as well as standard amenity fees (day use fees) at national forests. A pass covers entrance, standard amenity fees and day use fees for a driver and all passengers in a personal vehicle at per vehicle fee areas (or up to four adults at sites that charge per person). Children age 15 or under are admitted free.
Use all that discounted \"pro\" climbing gear you just bought to scale that cliff you industry expert you

7) Armed Forces Vacation Club ($349 per week)

Want the space and perks of a timeshare without actually having to own a timeshare? The AFV Club offers DEEPLY discounted space-available time shares worldwide to active and retired military and their family members. The one catch is that in most cases you have to book the lodging for the entire week. Membership is free and their standard non-holiday rate is $349 for seven nights.
Did they really use Calibri in their logo…?

8) American Express (No Annual Fees)

I wrote an entire article on this, but there are still too many service members that aren’t aware of this amazing benefit so I’m going to mention it again.
American Express waives ALL annual fees for active duty military, allowing service members to tap into prestigious Credit Card Rewards Programs they would not otherwise have access to. These fees range from $95 to $550, and they are all waived in appreciation for your service. Use your regular spending to never pay for a flight or hotel room again.
This is the black card; it may or may not ACTUALLY exist… kinda like Seal Team Six… oh wait, they made a movie…

That’s it

Some of you may already know about these discounts and that’s great, this post isn't for you. There are thousands of soldiers who don’t. I hope there was something in this post that helped you save some money. I encourage you to spread the word about these deals and discounts to your fellow service members to return the favor. Please comment below if you have any questions or if there are any MAJOR deals/discounts (as in not 5% off at Starbucks) that I did not include. Visit You're Welcome.blog to learn more shit the army doesn't teach you.
submitted by YoureWelcomeSix to army [link] [comments]

Miles vs Points, What are they?

October 5th 2017

Intro

The previous version of this post was written back in Feb 2015. I think it’s due for a refresh, especially with the landscape changes we’ve had in this hobby.
When you sign up for a card, some banks give you points, some banks give you miles. Many beginners get confused by the terminology, and end up with a bunch of points and miles that don't fit their need. This post will hopefully clarify the differences, and help people make better decisions.
Usually, credit cards can give you one of the following 4 type of rewards outside of cash back:
If Banks would just call their program points Points, there would be less confusion. But since Banks want you to think they are travel rewards, they sometime call it Miles, which has nothing to do with Airline Specific Miles. To a novice, a Mile is a Mile, right? So we end up with people thinking that these miles can be combined.
So what are each type of rewards and how do you use them?

Airline specific miles

The term Miles refer to Frequent Flyer Miles, created by airlines to generate customer loyalty. When these programs started, you would earn a mile for every mile you flew on an airline. Each airline has their own Frequent Flyer (FF) program for miles accumulation. Some examples of these are Delta Skymiles, American AAdvantage Miles, and United MileagePlus Miles. These days, about the only US Carrier that still award Miles based on distance flown is Alaska. All other major domestic carriers (UA/AA/DL/WN/B6) now awards Miles based on how much you spent on the ticket and the fare class of the ticket, or what is referred to as Revenue based earning.
To earn miles, you must have a FF account with the airline. So if you have a Citi AA card, the miles you earn from it will be deposited in your AA account. If your card earns you one mile per dollar spent, this usually means after each statement close, the bank will deposit 500 miles to your FF account if you spent $500 that month.
Once your mile is deposited in your FF account, it is no longer connected to your credit card. You can close your CC, and the miles would still be in your FF account. Since the miles are in specific FF plans associated with an airline, you usually cannot join the miles together for an award. If you are 1000 miles short in AA for a ticket, 50k miles in Delta can't help you at all.
Note for the Novice: One common misconception is that the Miles you’ve accumulated means you can fly that far for free. This is incorrect. Miles is an accounting measure of how much you’ve earned. When you want to redeem Miles for an award, there are a variety of methods as well as valuations.
For most airlines except for Delta, If you want to REDEEM your FF miles for free travel, your first step is to lookup the Award Chart for the airline in question. The award chart will tell you how many miles you need to get a free ticket to travel. For example, 25k AA miles may get you a Roundtrip ticket within the 48 states. This can be valuable, as no matter what the price of the ticket is, you will only pay 25k miles.
Airlines also have partner airlines, and you can often use your FF miles to fly on a partner airline. For example, since British Airways partner with AA, you can use your AA miles to redeem flights on BA. Since all 3 major domestic airlines have plenty of international partners, using domestic airline program miles and redeeming for trips on international airlines is one common way to get good value out of your miles.
Delta is unique amongst the major airlines as Delta no longer publishes an award chart. The only way to find out how many Delta Skymiles is needed for an award, is to visit Delta.com, and do a search for the trip you are interested. The practical effect is that Delta can raise award redemption costs without notice or warning. This is one of the reasons many people refer to Delta SkyMiles as Skypesos.
Some of the common cards that fit in this category are:
Note that while British Airways call their Miles “Avios”, Avios are closer to Miles than points as BA has published award charts for using Avios for redemption.
NOTE: All Questions regarding travel award redemption should be posted in awardtravel. We explicitly keep these apart as someone may apply to 10-12 cards a year and have a lot of technical questions, Award travel requires a totally different set of knowledge, and most people here don't try to book 10 vacations a year.

Airline specific points

Some airlines use a point system rather than miles. Two such examples are Southwest(WN) and JetBlue(B6) . In these programs, you earn points instead of miles on your CC spend, similar to other FF programs. However, they don't use award charts. These programs usually prices their award ticket based on the selling price of the ticket. If a flight would cost $150 for the ticket, the award ticket can cost 10,000 points. If the cost of the ticket goes up to $300, then the points cost goes up to 20,000 points. In effect, the airline has set a (mostly) fixed exchange rate for each point to the cost of the ticket. Note that each airline does their valuation differently, and some also have bands of pricing rather than direct conversion, further altering the valuation. This methodology is often referred to as Revenue Based Redemption.
Some credit cards that earns airline points are:

Bank Program Points/Miles

This is where the confusion really starts. Citi offers you an AA card that earns AA miles, and Chase offers you a UA card that gives you United miles. But CapitalOne offers you Venture that earns 2 miles on every dollar spent! AND you can use it on every airline! Isn't this better than FF miles with a particular airline? Another card in this Category is the Barclays Arrival Plus, which also call their points Miles. US Bank has their FlexPoints, which is similar, but at least they call them points instead of Miles.
Capital One Venture Miles and Barclays A+ Miles aren't miles associated with any specific FF program. What they really are is a version of Cash Back, but can only be redeemed against travel expenses. You can trade your Venture miles for a plane ticket using a 1 cent per mile conversion rate. So if you had 25k Venture Miles, you can basically buy a $250 ticket. Unless you get a good sale, a $250 ticket isn't likely going to get you across the country, while a 25k award ticket from an airline FF program can.
So are these Miles worse than FF Miles? Not necessarily. The 25k FF award ticket relies on the fact that award seats are available, while a bought ticket has much more availability, and you can potentially earn FF miles from the purchase. Another way these points are valuable is that they can be redeemed for not only plane tickets, but also cruises, car rental, or even monthly subway or parking passes.
However, if you are just earning these miles from daily spend, you are likely better off just getting a 2% cash back card, since getting direct cash back means you won’t have to jump through the hoop of redeeming for travel.
Since these miles/points are tied to your credit card account, you will likely lose these points when you close the card. Sometimes, a bank may offer multiple cards generating the same miles/points, and having one card open may allow you to keep all the miles/points that has not been redeemed. Check with your bank for specifics.
Some of the cards that fit in this category are:

Convertible points

Some of the most highly valued CC reward are convertible points. These include:
The AmEx MR, Chase UR, and Citi TYPs are not directly affiliated with any airline, but are held by the bank. They each have their own set of airline and hotel partners, and you can transfer your bank points to these partners pretty easily at a defined conversion ratio. They ALSO can be used similar to bank program points, which means they can be used to buy tickets at a fixed value per point, if you use the travel portal provided by the bank. They have additional uses, such as exchanging for GCs. See the links for each program for more ways to redeem each of the program points.
Since these points are tied to your credit card account, you will likely lose these points when you close the card. Chase and AmEx allows you to keep your points as long as you have 1 card open earning those points. Citi will expire your points after a grace period if the card that earned them is closed. So if you are planning to close a card, make sure you understand the details of the program on points expiration.
The value in Convertible points comes from their flexibility. If you need more UA miles, or some Hyatt points, you can just transfer them over from UR. If you want some JetBlue points or ANA Miles, just transfer them over from MR. If you want to buy a ticket, Chase will sell you a ticket on most airlines using UR points, at a ratio of 1.25 cents per point if you have a CSP/CIP, or 1.5 cpp if you have a CSR. Chase will even let you convert points to statement credit, at 1 cent per UR point.
Convertible points do have limitations. First of all, each program has a limited set of partners. You can't transfer to Hyatt using Citi or AmEx points, and you can't get Delta SkyMiles using Chase UR points. Secondly, if the airline or hotel is not making any awards available, then you are back to just buying the ticket/room. Also, transferring of points to partner programs are strictly a one way process. If you transferred a bunch of points to Hyatt from UR, then realized you don’t need those Hyatt points immediately, you cannot transfer them back to UR. Also, certain transfers can take days to complete, which means you might not be able to book an award you need until the point transfer completes, with the risk of the award seat being snatched up by someone else during the waiting period.
I want specifically call out the Starwood Preferred Guest Points in this discussion. While SPG points are Hotel specific points, they are easily converted to airline FF programs at a very good rate, and it has the largest number of airline partners. So while SPG points are not directly affiliated with a bank, they are considered amongst the best Convertible points available. With the Marriott/SPG merger, SPG points have become even more valuable, as it made the SPG to United FF program conversion rate even better.
Some of the cards that earns convertible points are:

Conclusion

Hopefully, you have a better understanding of different type of rewards points and miles. To pick the right one for you, you really need to plan how you will be using the reward, and then apply for the right card to get that reward. You can diversify and get rewards in a lot of programs, but keep in mind that these are all distinct programs, and you likely won't be able to join them to book a single award ticket.
submitted by LumpyLump76 to churning [link] [comments]

An Open Letter to the Moderators

I originally intended to send this letter to the moderation team directly. However, after expressing my concerns to two /poker moderators, I was encouraged by anonymous7, our great forum leader, to post my feelings publicly to the forum rather than privately to the mod team so as to foster "open discussion about the state of the moderation team."
 
Tagging Moderation Team of /poker: anonymous7/, NoLemurs/, dalonelybaptist/,BorkaBorkaBorka/, Stixx_27/, myimportantthoughts/, Touch_Of_Red/ , IrEgption/
 
Dear Touch_Of_Red,
 
You and I clearly do not see eye to eye on many issues. I would like to work on improving our relationship. In order to do so, I think we need to address a few issues.
 
With regard to "the recent history with your site" comment you made when removing a post I made comparing the rake schedules on a number of online poker sites, I can only assume that you are referring to Full Flush PokeEquity Poker Network and their recent failiure as a company. I'm not sure what devilish things you think I am guilty of, but there is quite a bit of misinformation floating about on various Internet poker forums. It seems as if you have read this information and bought it all hook line and sinker. I would like to offer additional information in hopes of changing your perspective on the matter.
 
 
You condemn me for being evil, but I help people on this forum every day. On many forums for that matter. I am frequently thanked here and elsewhere. In fact as of Feb 14th, the most recent 100 "comment replies" the word 'thank" has been uttered 13 times in direct response to my posts. A pretty good ratio on a downvote and troll happy board such as /poker don't you think?
 
I also easily comply with the 10:1 ratio of self promotion. Contrary to some of your prior accusations, I do not reply with "one word answers" intended to inflate my post count. In fact, I devised a little experiment to prove this. I copied both mine and your last 100 posts to /poker as of Feb 6th when I started writing this letter. I removed everything but the actual responses and numbered them (files available for review to anyone who wants them). Let's take a look at my metrics versus yours over the last 100 posts to /poker shall we?
 
Your word count = 3,472 Screenshot Proof My word count = 5,865 Screenshot Proof
 
Perhaps you think my website promotes "shady" and "unsafe" sites? I disagree wholeheartedly. I reject each and every site I'm unwilling to risk my own funds on. Here's a full list of sites we work with:
888, PokerStars, PartyPoker, Unibet, Betfair, Full Tilt, Bovada, Bodog, Ignition, America's Cardroom, Black Chip, True Poker, Ya Poker (you may not know this one, it is directly owned by ACR), BetOnline, Sportsbetting.ag, TigerGaming, SWCPoker, Grand Poker, Intertops, Juicy Stakes
 
You will note none of those crazy "play money" Iranian, Israeli, Asian poker sites are in that list. I do not find them worthy of risking my own money on, and thus I do not offer them to our clients. Period.
 
Since 2006 when we opened my website, we have had TWO poker sites fail that we promoted. Full Flush, and PokesPoker. They are separated in failure by 10 years. There were over 70 poker sites that failed during that time period. I think we have a good record for keeping our players away from crappy and terribly unsafe poker sites.
 
The Wiki [Editor's Note: This was part of a prior letter I wrote and wish to include it here as well]
 
Nearly 9 months ago when all of the controversy about the wiki was going on and right after TOR became a moderator, the decision was made to make the wiki only modifiable by moderators. I understand conflict of interest was the main rationale. I was also told that:
"Mods believe they have the time to use the wiki in a better way than it is being used right now."
 
This has proved utterly false. When I was editing the wiki (and I was the main editor for a year or so), I updated it 1-4 times per month as needed. In the nearly 8 months since the wiki was taken over by moderators, it has been edited two times. The first was to remove "affiliate influence and bias." The second was done less than a month ago to update Bovada to Ignition poker, a major event which had taken place a full 3 months prior to the edit).
 
In taking a quick glance over the wiki I saw over a dozen things that need to be updated. However, this is not being done. Mods are not keeping the wiki up to date and it is providing false and out of date information to readers of /poker.
 
I was also told that:
 
"Mods believe they can source discounts themselves, and due to non expectation of benefit for them sourcing it can get better deals than affiliates can."
 
This has also not happened. Not a single deal has been sourced. In fact, things are worse. A deal that gave out thousands of free dollars to poker subscribers was scrapped and never replaced. I fail to see the benefit to the forum in removing free money for subscribers. Other moderators agreed with me and wanted to keep the program live, but were seemingly overruled.
 
I will admit that I was not perfect and that some things could have been handled differently in the wiki, but in the last year I edited the Wiki and the FAQ, after ground rules were set, I always sought moderator approval for changes I thought might be controversial (DaLonelyBaptist/ can confirm this). I also strived to keep the Wiki as up to date as my time would allow, which turns out to be at least 15x more frequently than it is currently being updated.
 
I believe that much of this stems from Touch_Of_Red 's dislike for me. I think he seeks to punish me, "the evil spammer," for some perceived harm he has suffered. I do not think I am what he claims me to be. I constantly help players with issues on this forum, 2+2, CardsChat, and other smaller forums. I receive thanks quite often and I have NEVER been banned from any forum for spamming because I adhere to the stated rules of all forums I participate in.
 
I do not think it is fair to reduce knowledge and opportunity for /poker subscribers simply to punish me because TOR doesn't care for me. I think that if the Wiki rules were reset to what they were prior to TOR becoming a mod, that I could do an even better job of updating the wiki than before. In fact, I've learned a little bit of reddit coding and I feel that I can improve the format of the wiki as well as keeping it up to date, useful, and providing added value to the subscribers of poker.
 
Thanks for your time and thoughtful consideration. I hope that we can improve our relationship and come to some mutual understanding,
Prof
 
EDIT: To the people who still continue to bang the drum that I owned Full Flush Poker, in full, or in part, that is simply untrue. If you want to know who the owners are, look here: http://forumserver.twoplustwo.com/showpost.php?p=51452632&postcount=2282 . Were things misrepresented to me and did I believe it? It appears the sad truth is, yes. As I said above, I'm going to help anyone who gets in contact with me and lets me know how much they lost. I'm on track to have some sort of public offer up within the next two weeks fingers crossed if I can get more poker sites on board.
submitted by ProfRBcom to poker [link] [comments]

File Complaints With the CRTC About CBC's Latest Hitpiece on GamerGate by April 4th and Cassie Jaye/"The Red Pill" by April 5th!

Note: This post is a compilation of the information that I've gathered since November 2014 during my correspondence with several individuals, including:
It is an updated/edited version of the post I originally made here: https://www.reddit.com/KotakuInAction/comments/4bokb1/infodump_a_gamergate_supporters_guide_on_filing/
Introduction: It seems like that CBC's been pushing the progressive narrative a lot harder than usual over the past couple of weeks by attacking GamerGate, Cassie Jaye and her movie The Red Pill, and YouTubers like Jon Jafari (a.k.a. JonTron):
https://www.reddit.com/KotakuInAction/comments/638jqk/socjus_dale_beran_interview_with_cbc_tld https://www.reddit.com/KotakuInAction/comments/5zdj1p/ethics_cbc_outright_lies_about_content_of_the_red/ https://www.reddit.com/KotakuInAction/comments/630pu7/viewer_discretion_advised_your_childs_favourite/
Well, if anyone out there's interesting in doing something about it, I'm going to explain how. Unfortunately, due to a combination of personal health issues and not being aware of the existence of some these hitpieces until recently, the deadline for filing complaints for the first two fall within the next 24 to 48 hours, so you'll have to act fast. The good news is that you don't have to be Canadian in order to take action, so everyone can participate! So here's a handy step-by-step guide on how file a complaint against the CBC:
1. Listen to or watch the news segment in question. This may sound like a no-brainer, but just because the mainstream media absolutely loves repeating rumor and hearsay as fact, that doesn't mean that you should, too. Don't rely on secondhand information or out-of-context quotes to make your case, because you'll just damage your credibility if you complain about something that didn't actually happen. Here are direct links to the CBC hitpieces which include the audio/video segments in question:
The latest GamerGate hitpiece: http://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-march-7-2017-1.4011980/march-7-2017-full-episode-transcript-1.4014154#segment3
http://www.cbc.ca/radio/thecurrent/the-current-for-march-7-2017-1.4011980/how-4chan-and-troll-culture-helped-elect-trump-comic-artist-1.4012240
Cassie Jaye and The Red Pill: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/calgary/mra-political-parties-1.4016680
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HFi4vQF8-xQ
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pIwUbI66MOk
2. Take down all the information that you can. The more details you can provide, the easier it'll be for everyone involved to locate the news segment in question and process/review your complaint. I personally suggest providing the following information if at all possible:
3. Realize that time is the enemy. In order to process your complaints, the CRTC must request that the broadcaster hold on to the logger tapes - recordings "that (contain) exactly what was broadcast, including commercials [...] viewer advisories, classification icons and usually a time counter that shows exactly what time the programming was aired" - for later analysis in order to come to their decisions. According to regulations, Canadian broadcasters are required to hold on to logger tapes for at least 28 days following a broadcast (though can hold on to them indefinitely if they want). After these four weeks have elapsed, the tapes can be destroyed or erased, so the window of opportunity for you to file a complaint is extremely limited. The deadlines for the hitpieces are as follows:
The latest GamerGate hitpiece: April 4, 2017
Cassie Jaye and The Red Pill: April 5, 2017
Since the deadlines these cases fall within the next 24 to 48 hours, if you can't write something up in time, try filing a "bare bones" complaint outlining the gist of your argument in the worst case scenario so you can get it in before the clock runs out, then submit additional information and details as soon as possible after that.
Disclaimer: In the past, the CRTC has twice bent the rules for me and asked the CBC to fork over their logger tapes several weeks to over a year past the 28 day deadline. However, this only happened because the CRTC decided to either lump several of my complaints together or closed one complaint in order to open a new one, so these should be definitely be considered exceptions that prove the rule. In other words, don't count on them doing the same for you.
4. Write your complaint. In order to come up with best argument possible, spend some time conducting investigative research yourself and gathering evidence (or ask others for help). Some important things to keep in mind:
i. Freedom of expression in Canada means that private citizens like Brianna Wu (or any morally bankrupt academics, experts, and interviewees like her) are allowed to say pretty much anything they want about GamerGate, no matter how inaccurate, without consequences. So, while you should definitely point out the lies and inaccuracies in their versions of events, don't expect to get very far based on that evidence alone. You should spend more time going after statements made by journalists, experts, or staff members employed by the CBC, as the freedom of expression on air and on social media of those individuals have far more restrictions placed on it because of the nature of their work. Matthieu Dugal of Radio-Canada, the French-Canadian branch of the CBC, for example, was reprimanded and forced to apologize after he referred to Mug33k as a Holocaust denier on Facebook and even Esther Enkin was forced to admit that using a Law & Order: Special Victims Unit clip - where gamers were portrayed as rapists, terrorists, and kidnappers - to frame a real-life debate about GamerGate was taking things too far.
ii. The CBC and its affiliates are required to adhere to the following set of broadcast standards, of which the following are of particular relevance to us in this case:
While the CBC is free to interpret their own Journalistic Standards and Practices - which are an internal document, after all - as they see fit, they have less room to maneuver when it comes to the CAB Equitable Portrayal Code, so keep this in mind.
5. File your complaint. Once you've written your complaint, file it with the CRTC here:
https://applications.crtc.gc.ca/question/eng/public-inquiries-form?t=5&_ga=1.185693088.869039696.1485998836
VERY IMPORTANT: You don't need to be a Canadian citizen in order to file a complaint with the CRTC! As long as you've personally listened to or watched the news segment in question and can access the aforementioned online forms, have a fax machine handy, or can use fax-sending services like http://www.myfax.com/, you, too, can complain. :)
Once filed, your complaint is processed as follows:
Why should you file your complaints with the CRTC instead of directly with the CBC? The simple answer is because it gives you an additional level of appeal. One thing a lot of GamerGate supporters have noticed is that mainstream media outlets aren't very introspective and seem more interested in using loopholes, excuses, or sophistry to dismiss complaints rather than seriously investigate any allegations of wrongdoing. So, if you file a complaint directly with the broadcaster and are unsatisfied with the results, you have no recourse since the 28 day limit will probably have elapsed by the time you get an answer. However, if you file it with the CRTC, that means that, once the broadcaster's done reviewing your complaint, they can take a crack and it and there's a better chance of their being less invested in getting the broadcaster off the hook and more open-minded and neutral. And, given the almost Sisyphean nature of doing battle with the mainstream media, every potential advantage helps.

Addendum

1. I previously stated on several occasions that the CBC was subject to the CAB Code of Ethics based on the following excerpts from Page 5 of the CBC Television Manual for Programming Standards & Practices:
Although the CBC is not a signator to the CAB or the CBSC, The CRTC expects as a minimum, that CBC respect the standards to which all other broadcasters adhere.
The specifics that guide program content on CBC Television can be found in two places:
  1. The CBSC
  2. http://www.cbsc.ca/english/codes/cabethics.php
This has since proven to be incorrect and the CRTC claims that, contrary to the above statement, the CBC is not required to adhere to the CAB Code of Ethics. When I asked Mr. Kachi to explain this contradiction, he and Mr. McNab offered the following possible explanations:
Either way, the claim I previously made was wrong (though through no fault of my own).
2. What happens when the CBC or Radio-Canada Ombudsman stonewall the complaint process, as they did with Mug33k and me recently?
"You will be receiving an acknowledgement that the British Columbia complaint will be reviewed. As we have answered identical complaints to this one from you in the past, I have passed your emails on to the programmers for their information. I will not be asking them to respond as the answer will be the same as it has been in the past." - Esther Enkin
"Finally, let me say that this will be the final review that I will do at the request of Mug33k concerning the subject of GamerGate. The Office of the Ombudsman is an independent, self-regulatory body and does not seek to become part of debates which do not concern it, its only relevant consideration being the application of the JSP of Radio-Canada." - Pierre Tourangeau
Mr. Kachi's response:
In the CRTC staff's view, if the ombudsmen' response indicates that no formal review will be forthcoming; this constitutes a ruling on their part.
TL;DR: The CBC Ombudsman's statement that they don't intend to respond is considered a response, meaning that we can "fast track" the complaint directly to the CRTC in such cases.
3. The CAB Equitable Portrayal Code might actually be our best chance at calling out the CBC's bias. In a nutshell, the code states that you should avoid stereotyping, stigmatization, or victimization of individuals or distinct groups based on gender, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, etc. and was originally intended to protect identifiable groups, such as Native Americans and the mentally or physically disabled, from negative or inaccurate portrayals.
Now, while I wouldn't have the gall to claim that GamerGate supporters - or gamers, nerds, or geeks in general - count as an identifiable group, the fact of the matter is there's no rigid definition of what constitutes an "identifiable group" in the code (especially nothing explicitly stating that white or males are exempt from being classified as one) and SJWs and radical feminists are endlessly demonizing straight white males and claiming that women are perpetual victims, something which could be considered violations of the CAB Equitable Portrayal Code. I explicitly asked Mr. McNab about this in a phone conversation and he unambiguously stated that, while it would be unusual for white men to claim discrimination, if such a complaint were to be filed, it would be taken seriously and investigated.
submitted by LunarArchivist to KotakuInAction [link] [comments]

Tread carefully, think big: Impressions on AOC and the Green New Deal

By: Derek Royden / NationofChange / News Report
The Green New Deal (GND) had a good rollout just a couple of weeks ago, on February 7th. The initial co-sponsors Senator Ed Markey (D-Mass) and Congresswoman Alexandria Ocasio Cortez held a press conference surrounded by some of the resolution’s more than 60 other Democratic co-sponsors. Both answered reporter’s questions with aplomb on the same day they released what is officially named H. Res 109.
Reading the 14 page text, it’s obvious that the resolution is meant as a declaration of intent to craft a variety of legislation to meet its ambitious goals after the 2020 elections. It’s purposefully broad in scope, calling to not only deal with the ecological crisis but transform the American economy in a number of exciting ways, from guaranteeing good employment for those in need of work to greening the construction industry and building high speed rail networks.
Answering a question about the somewhat dismissive response of House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, who referred to the GND as a “green dream or whatever they call it”, Ocasio Cortez was diplomatic, telling reporters, “…I think it is a green dream and I think that all great American programs everything from the Great Society to the New Deal started with a vision for our future and I don’t consider that to be a dismissive term, I think it’s a great term.”
Despite having only been a sitting member of Congress for a little more than a month, in her response to the leader of House Democrats’ seeming irritation, possibly with her growing popularity, it appears that AOC is already a better politician than many of her peers, some of whom have been on Capital Hill for decades.
Even before she took office, when AOC joined an occupation Pelosi’s office with Justice Democrats and members of the Sunrise Movement, her tone was not confrontational but conciliatory, saying they were there not to criticize the Speaker but to let her know they, “have her back” in terms of fighting to address climate change.
While the main cable networks did report on H.Res. 109, there was an unexpected and surprising disparity in the coverage. Fox News did 34 segments on the deal between February 7th and 11th, MSNBC did 8 and CNN did just three over the same period. As we might expect, Fox’s coverage barely mentioned climate change, instead pushing the idea that the GND could be the Trojan horse that jump starts the United States’ possible descent into a ‘socialist nightmare’.
Fox host Tucker Carlson’s comments were typical of this coverage, with the host telling his audience, “The Green New Deal is a religious document, it punishes America for the sins of its prosperity. The only atonement it offers is turning over control of the entire U.S. economy to the Democratic Party.”
While it could easily be argued that turning over control of government to Democrats might be a relief for many Americans after two years of Republican rule, as many commentators have noted, the resolution makes compromise to win over centrist Democrats, including many of the presidential candidates already in the field of 2020 hopefuls, most of whom quickly embraced it.
Involving Senator Markey, who has pushed for cap and trade legislation in the past, which allows for the purchase of greater emissions by those who can afford to, basically creating a new market for pollution and not a solution favored by progressives, shows that AOC has a pragmatic streak that could help make a Green New Deal a reality, even if the left might not like some of its eventual compromises. Rather than a disappointment, this wooing of the center could turn out to be a smart strategy if it can be used to move the party left.
It will be hard for centrist and center right Democrats to argue against language like this, relating to how the GND will work with business by, “directing investments to spur economic development, deepen and diversify industry in local and regional economies, and build wealth and community ownership, while prioritizing high-quality job creation and economic, social, and environmental benefits in frontline and vulnerable communities that may otherwise struggle with the transition away from greenhouse gas intensive industries”.
At the same time, by rightly concentrating a good deal of its focus on Indigenous, African American and other “front line communities” that are a crucial part of the party’s base, the resolution also makes it more politically difficult for more corporatist Democrats to dismiss its as utopian and still win votes from these citizens, including the young, who are struggling with unprecedented levels of educational debt..
We need only look at how many Democrats have switched their position on Medicare for all since realizing how popular the idea is with most American voters, regardless of party.
After a preamble explaining the urgency of dealing with climate change as expressed in recent reports from both the UN affiliated Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the second volume of the Fourth National Climate Assessment, the work of over 300 American experts, which predicted a possiblewarming of up to 9 degrees F (5 degrees C) by the end of this century, far higher than previously thought, H. Res. 109 begins simply enough, calling citizens and their representatives to a higher purpose, “Whereas, because the United States has historically been responsible for a disproportionate amount of green house gas emissions, having emitted 20 percent of green house gas through 2014, and has a high technological capacity, the United States must take a leading role in reducing emissions through economic transformation.”
This critique of the U.S.’ contribution to the crisis offers an important counterpoint to Tucker Carlson’s claim about ‘the sins of its prosperity’, secular sins that are shared with other developed countries, most of whom have made little effort towards solving the crisis beyond signing non-binding agreements like the one negotiated under former President Obama in Paris and torn up by Donald Trump almost immediately upon taking office.
Ironically, tackling climate change would allow the current U.S. president to make much more progress on his signature issue of migration than a wall ever could. A little understood part of what is bringing people from Central America’s Northern Triangle is drought, which forces subsistence farmers off their land and into city slums where they often become easy victims of the criminal gangs many of them, including far too many children, are now fleeing.
The inevitable criticism that the broad Resolution might have brought from the center and right was blunted by a rare misstep on the part of AOC’s team, who released a much more radical sounding fact sheet along with it. Seemingly caught off guard, AOC’s office, and the Congresswoman herself, have offered a variety of explanations for the differences between the FAQ, which was quickly removed from her website, and the actual resolution.
The FAQ led to much hysteria on the right, who saw the ideas about reducing air travel and reliance on industrialized animal agriculture, both of which are inarguably huge drivers of climate change, as written in stone rather than a call for negotiation about how far a Green New Deal can go.
Besides, as Salvador Rizzo, a fact checker for the Washington Post put it, “There’s a case to be made that the criticism about ending airplanes and cows was a stretch to begin with, since the resolution didn’t mention any of that the FAQs were not definitive on those points.”
Right-wing commentators were also scandalized by a call to provide for people, “unwilling to work”, a turn of phrase that is not in the text of the actual resolution.
While there will be continued efforts by billionaires and their bought politicians to ridicule an idea now very much associated with AOC, who has already captured the hopes of many vulnerable and working people, it will be up to the activist communities she came from to defend the Green New Deal and push for it to become a reality in 2020 and beyond.
Read the article here: https://www.nationofchange.org/2019/02/22/tread-carefully-think-big-impressions-on-aoc-and-the-green-new-deal/
submitted by NationofChange to u/NationofChange [link] [comments]

[INFODUMP] A GamerGate Supporter's Guide on Filing Complaints Against Canadian Broadcasters

Note: This post is a compilation of the information that I've gathered over the past sixteen months during my correspondence with several individuals, including:
Despite the title, the information provided here can be used to file complaints against any Canadian mainstream media outlet on non-GamerGate-related issues. I also plan to make a copy of this available on one of the Wikis dedicated to GamerGate at some point and am hoping that others like KDulius and Mug33k can add information on how to do so in other jurisdictions or countries. When it comes to Canada, however, the key players involved in the complaint process are:

So a Canadian Mainstream Media Outlet Has Slandered/Defamed GamerGate...

...and you want to know what you can do about it. Not to worry, here's a handy step-by-step guide:
1. Listen to or watch the news segment in question. This may sound like a no-brainer, but given the fact that the mainstream media's been repeating rumor and hearsay about GamerGate for the past sixteen months, don't fall victim to the same trap and rely on secondhand information or out-of-context quotes to make your case. Not only will you damage your credibility if you complain about something that didn't actually happen, but, in, the case of the CBSC, at least, it's considered a mandatory step in the complaint process:
Please note that it is essential that you must have personally seen or heard the offending material. Reporting what someone has told you was broadcast will not trigger the CBSC’s process.
Since media outlets don't always post their news segments online following broadcasts, try asking your fellow GamerGate supporters if anyone managed to record it (or, in the worst case scenario, you may be able to ask the broadcaster for a video copy or transcript for a fee). If we're dealing with a segment that hasn't aired yet, spread awareness of it to increase the chance that someone out there will be able to capture it when the time comes.
2. Take down all the information that you can. The more details you can provide, the easier it'll be for everyone involved to locate the news segment in question and process/review your complaint. I personally suggest providing the following information if at all possible:
3. Realize that time is the enemy. In order to process your complaints, the CBSC and the CRTC must request that the broadcaster hold on to the logger tapes - recordings "that (contain) exactly what was broadcast, including commercials [...] viewer advisories, classification icons and usually a time counter that shows exactly what time the programming was aired" - for later analysis in order to come to their decisions. According to regulations, Canadian broadcasters are required to hold on to logger tapes for at least 28 days following a broadcast (though can hold on to them indefinitely if they want). After these four weeks have elapsed, the tapes can be destroyed or erased, so the window of opportunity for you to file a complaint is extremely limited.
Disclaimer: In the past, the CRTC has twice bent the rules for me and asked the CBC to fork over their logger tapes several weeks to over a year past the 28 day deadline. However, this only happened because the CRTC decided to either lump several of my complaints together or closed one complaint in order to open a new one, so these should be definitely be considered exceptions that prove the rule. In other words, don't count on them doing the same for you.
4. Write your complaint. In order to come up with best argument possible, spend some time conducting investigative research yourself and gathering evidence (or ask other GamerGate supporters for help). Some important things to keep in mind:
i. Freedom of expression in Canada means that private citizens like Brianna Wu (or any morally bankrupt academics, experts, and interviewees like her) are allowed to say pretty much anything they want about GamerGate, no matter how inaccurate, without consequences. So, while you should definitely point out the lies and inaccuracies in their versions of events, don't expect to get very far based on that evidence alone. You should spend more time going after statements made by journalists or experts employed by the broadcaster, as the freedom of expression on air and on social media of those individuals have far more restrictions placed on it because of the nature of their work. Matthieu Dugal of Radio-Canada, the French-Canadian branch of the CBC, for example, was reprimanded and forced to apologize after he referred to Mug33k as a Holocaust denier on Facebook and even Esther Enkin was forced to admit that using a Law & Order: Special Victims Unit clip - where gamers were portrayed as rapists, terrorists, and kidnappers - to frame a real-life debate about GamerGate was taking things too far.
ii. Canadian broadcasters not affiliated with or part of the CBC must adhere to a variety of broadcast standard codes. Of these, the following should be of particular interest to GamerGate supporters:
iii. The CBC and its affiliates are required to adhere to a different set of standards, of which the following are of particular relevance to GamerGate supporters:
While the CBC is free to interpret their own Journalistic Standards and Practices - which are an internal document, after all - as they see fit, they have less room to maneuver when it comes to the CAB Equitable Portrayal Code, so keep this in mind.
5. File your complaint. Once you've written your complaint, you have to file it with either the CBSC or CRTC, depending on who the offending broadcaster is.
i. If the Canadian broadcaster is not affiliated with or part of the CBC, file your complaint with the CBSC here:
http://www.cbsc.ca/make-a-complaint/
ii. If your complaint concerns the CBC or its affiliates, file it with the CRTC here:
https://services.crtc.gc.ca/pub/rapidsccm/Default-Defaut.aspx
VERY IMPORTANT: You don't need to be a Canadian citizen in order to file a complaint with either the CBSC or the CRTC! As long as you've personally listened to or watched the news segment in question and can access the aforementioned online forms, have a fax machine handy, or can use fax-sending services like http://www.myfax.com/, you, too, can complain. :)
Once filed, your complaint is processed as follows:
Why should you file your complaints with the CBSC or the CRTC instead of directly with the broadcasters? The simple answer is because it gives you an additional level of appeal. One thing a lot of GamerGate supporters have noticed is that mainstream media outlets aren't very introspective and seem more interested in using loopholes, excuses, or sophistry to dismiss complaints rather than seriously investigate any allegations of wrongdoing. So, if you file a complaint directly with the broadcaster and are unsatisfied with the results, you have no recourse since the 28 day limit will probably have elapsed by the time you get an answer. However, if you file it with the CBSC or the CRTC, that means that, once the broadcaster's done reviewing your complaint, they can take a crack and it and there's a better chance of their being less invested in getting the broadcaster off the hook and more open-minded and neutral. And, given the almost Sisyphean nature of GamerGate's battle with the mainstream media, every potential advantage helps.

Addendum

1. I previously stated on several occasions that the CBC was subject to the CAB Code of Ethics based on the following excerpts from Page 5 of the CBC Television Manual for Programming Standards & Practices:
Although the CBC is not a signator to the CAB or the CBSC, The CRTC expects as a minimum, that CBC respect the standards to which all other broadcasters adhere.
The specifics that guide program content on CBC Television can be found in two places:
  1. The CBSC
  2. http://www.cbsc.ca/english/codes/cabethics.php
This has since proven to be incorrect and the CRTC claims that, contrary to the above statement, the CBC is not required to adhere to the CAB Code of Ethics. When I asked Mr. Kachi to explain this contradiction, he and Mr. McNab offered the following possible explanations:
Either way, the claim I previously made was wrong (though through no fault of my own).
2. What happens when the CBC or Radio-Canada Ombudsman stonewall the complaint process, as they did with Mug33k and me recently?
"You will be receiving an acknowledgement that the British Columbia complaint will be reviewed. As we have answered identical complaints to this one from you in the past, I have passed your emails on to the programmers for their information. I will not be asking them to respond as the answer will be the same as it has been in the past." - Esther Enkin
"Finally, let me say that this will be the final review that I will do at the request of Mug33k concerning the subject of GamerGate. The Office of the Ombudsman is an independent, self-regulatory body and does not seek to become part of debates which do not concern it, its only relevant consideration being the application of the JSP of Radio-Canada." - Pierre Tourangeau
Mr. Kachi's response:
In the CRTC staff's view, if the ombudsmen' response indicates that no formal review will be forthcoming; this constitutes a ruling on their part.
TL;DR: The CBC Ombudsman's statement that they don't intend to respond is considered a response, meaning that we can "fast track" the complaint directly to the CRTC in such cases.
3. The CAB Equitable Portrayal Code might actually be our best chance at calling out the CBC's bias. In a nutshell, the code states that you should avoid stereotyping, stigmatization, or victimization of individuals or distinct groups based on gender, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, etc. and was originally intended to protect identifiable groups, such as Native Americans and the mentally or physically disabled, from negative or inaccurate portrayals.
Now, while I wouldn't have the gall to claim that GamerGate supporters - or gamers, nerds, or geeks in general - count as an identifiable group, the fact of the matter is there's no rigid definition of "identifiable group" in the code (especially nothing explicitly stating that white or males are exempt from being classified as one) and SJWs and radical feminists are endlessly demonizing straight white males and claiming that women are perpetual victims, something which could be considered violations of the CAB Equitable Portrayal Code. I explicitly asked Mr. McNab about this in a phone conversation and he unambiguously stated that, while it would be unusual for white men to claim discrimination, if such a complaint were to be filed, it would be taken seriously and investigated.
submitted by LunarArchivist to KotakuInAction [link] [comments]

A GamerGate Supporter's Guide on Filing Complaints Against Canadian Broadcasters

I originally wrote this for the KotakuInAction subreddit many months ago, but figured that Metacanada might get some use out of it, so I'm reposting it here.
Note: This post is a compilation of the information that I've gathered over the past sixteen months during my correspondence with several individuals, including:
Despite the title, the information provided here can be used to file complaints against any Canadian mainstream media outlet on non-GamerGate-related issues. I also plan to make a copy of this available on one of the Wikis dedicated to GamerGate at some point and am hoping that others like KDulius and Mug33k can add information on how to do so in other jurisdictions or countries. When it comes to Canada, however, the key players involved in the complaint process are:

So a Canadian Mainstream Media Outlet Has Slandered/Defamed GamerGate...

...and you want to know what you can do about it. Not to worry, here's a handy step-by-step guide:
1. Listen to or watch the news segment in question. This may sound like a no-brainer, but given the fact that the mainstream media's been repeating rumor and hearsay about GamerGate for the past sixteen months, don't fall victim to the same trap and rely on secondhand information or out-of-context quotes to make your case. Not only will you damage your credibility if you complain about something that didn't actually happen, but, in, the case of the CBSC, at least, it's considered a mandatory step in the complaint process:
Please note that it is essential that you must have personally seen or heard the offending material. Reporting what someone has told you was broadcast will not trigger the CBSC’s process.
Since media outlets don't always post their news segments online following broadcasts, try asking your fellow GamerGate supporters if anyone managed to record it (or, in the worst case scenario, you may be able to ask the broadcaster for a video copy or transcript for a fee). If we're dealing with a segment that hasn't aired yet, spread awareness of it to increase the chance that someone out there will be able to capture it when the time comes.
2. Take down all the information that you can. The more details you can provide, the easier it'll be for everyone involved to locate the news segment in question and process/review your complaint. I personally suggest providing the following information if at all possible:
3. Realize that time is the enemy. In order to process your complaints, the CBSC and the CRTC must request that the broadcaster hold on to the logger tapes - recordings "that (contain) exactly what was broadcast, including commercials [...] viewer advisories, classification icons and usually a time counter that shows exactly what time the programming was aired" - for later analysis in order to come to their decisions. According to regulations, Canadian broadcasters are required to hold on to logger tapes for at least 28 days following a broadcast (though can hold on to them indefinitely if they want). After these four weeks have elapsed, the tapes can be destroyed or erased, so the window of opportunity for you to file a complaint is extremely limited.
Disclaimer: In the past, the CRTC has twice bent the rules for me and asked the CBC to fork over their logger tapes several weeks to over a year past the 28 day deadline. However, this only happened because the CRTC decided to either lump several of my complaints together or closed one complaint in order to open a new one, so these should be definitely be considered exceptions that prove the rule. In other words, don't count on them doing the same for you.
4. Write your complaint. In order to come up with best argument possible, spend some time conducting investigative research yourself and gathering evidence (or ask other GamerGate supporters for help). Some important things to keep in mind:
i. Freedom of expression in Canada means that private citizens like Brianna Wu (or any morally bankrupt academics, experts, and interviewees like her) are allowed to say pretty much anything they want about GamerGate, no matter how inaccurate, without consequences. So, while you should definitely point out the lies and inaccuracies in their versions of events, don't expect to get very far based on that evidence alone. You should spend more time going after statements made by journalists or experts employed by the broadcaster, as the freedom of expression on air and on social media of those individuals have far more restrictions placed on it because of the nature of their work. Matthieu Dugal of Radio-Canada, the French-Canadian branch of the CBC, for example, was reprimanded and forced to apologize after he referred to Mug33k as a Holocaust denier on Facebook and even Esther Enkin was forced to admit that using a Law & Order: Special Victims Unit clip - where gamers were portrayed as rapists, terrorists, and kidnappers - to frame a real-life debate about GamerGate was taking things too far.
ii. Canadian broadcasters not affiliated with or part of the CBC must adhere to a variety of broadcast standard codes. Of these, the following should be of particular interest to GamerGate supporters:
iii. The CBC and its affiliates are required to adhere to a different set of standards, of which the following are of particular relevance to GamerGate supporters:
While the CBC is free to interpret their own Journalistic Standards and Practices - which are an internal document, after all - as they see fit, they have less room to maneuver when it comes to the CAB Equitable Portrayal Code, so keep this in mind.
5. File your complaint. Once you've written your complaint, you have to file it with either the CBSC or CRTC, depending on who the offending broadcaster is.
i. If the Canadian broadcaster is not affiliated with or part of the CBC, file your complaint with the CBSC here:
http://www.cbsc.ca/make-a-complaint/
ii. If your complaint concerns the CBC or its affiliates, file it with the CRTC here:
https://services.crtc.gc.ca/pub/rapidsccm/Default-Defaut.aspx
VERY IMPORTANT: You don't need to be a Canadian citizen in order to file a complaint with either the CBSC or the CRTC! As long as you've personally listened to or watched the news segment in question and can access the aforementioned online forms, have a fax machine handy, or can use fax-sending services like http://www.myfax.com/, you, too, can complain. :)
Once filed, your complaint is processed as follows:
Why should you file your complaints with the CBSC or the CRTC instead of directly with the broadcasters? The simple answer is because it gives you an additional level of appeal. One thing a lot of GamerGate supporters have noticed is that mainstream media outlets aren't very introspective and seem more interested in using loopholes, excuses, or sophistry to dismiss complaints rather than seriously investigate any allegations of wrongdoing. So, if you file a complaint directly with the broadcaster and are unsatisfied with the results, you have no recourse since the 28 day limit will probably have elapsed by the time you get an answer. However, if you file it with the CBSC or the CRTC, that means that, once the broadcaster's done reviewing your complaint, they can take a crack and it and there's a better chance of their being less invested in getting the broadcaster off the hook and more open-minded and neutral. And, given the almost Sisyphean nature of GamerGate's battle with the mainstream media, every potential advantage helps.

Addendum

1. I previously stated on several occasions that the CBC was subject to the CAB Code of Ethics based on the following excerpts from Page 5 of the CBC Television Manual for Programming Standards & Practices:
Although the CBC is not a signator to the CAB or the CBSC, The CRTC expects as a minimum, that CBC respect the standards to which all other broadcasters adhere.
The specifics that guide program content on CBC Television can be found in two places:
  1. The CBSC
  2. http://www.cbsc.ca/english/codes/cabethics.php
This has since proven to be incorrect and the CRTC claims that, contrary to the above statement, the CBC is not required to adhere to the CAB Code of Ethics. When I asked Mr. Kachi to explain this contradiction, he and Mr. McNab offered the following possible explanations:
Either way, the claim I previously made was wrong (though through no fault of my own).
2. What happens when the CBC or Radio-Canada Ombudsman stonewall the complaint process, as they did with Mug33k and me recently?
"You will be receiving an acknowledgement that the British Columbia complaint will be reviewed. As we have answered identical complaints to this one from you in the past, I have passed your emails on to the programmers for their information. I will not be asking them to respond as the answer will be the same as it has been in the past." - Esther Enkin
"Finally, let me say that this will be the final review that I will do at the request of Mug33k concerning the subject of GamerGate. The Office of the Ombudsman is an independent, self-regulatory body and does not seek to become part of debates which do not concern it, its only relevant consideration being the application of the JSP of Radio-Canada." - Pierre Tourangeau
Mr. Kachi's response:
In the CRTC staff's view, if the ombudsmen' response indicates that no formal review will be forthcoming; this constitutes a ruling on their part.
TL;DR: The CBC Ombudsman's statement that they don't intend to respond is considered a response, meaning that we can "fast track" the complaint directly to the CRTC in such cases.
3. The CAB Equitable Portrayal Code might actually be our best chance at calling out the CBC's bias. In a nutshell, the code states that you should avoid stereotyping, stigmatization, or victimization of individuals or distinct groups based on gender, sexual orientation, race, ethnicity, etc. and was originally intended to protect identifiable groups, such as Native Americans and the mentally or physically disabled, from negative or inaccurate portrayals.
Now, while I wouldn't have the gall to claim that GamerGate supporters - or gamers, nerds, or geeks in general - count as an identifiable group, the fact of the matter is there's no rigid definition of "identifiable group" in the code (especially nothing explicitly stating that white or males are exempt from being classified as one) and SJWs and radical feminists are endlessly demonizing straight white males and claiming that women are perpetual victims, something which could be considered violations of the CAB Equitable Portrayal Code. I explicitly asked Mr. McNab about this in a phone conversation and he unambiguously stated that, while it would be unusual for white men to claim discrimination, if such a complaint were to be filed, it would be taken seriously and investigated.
submitted by LunarArchivist to metacanada [link] [comments]

Points vs Miles: What are they?

When you sign up for a card, some banks give you points, some banks give you miles. Many beginners get confused by the terminology, and end up with a bunch of points and miles that don't fit their need. This post will hopefully clarify the differences, and help people make better decisions.
Usually, credit cards can give you one of the following 4 type of rewards outside of cash back:
If Banks would just call their program points Points, there would be less confusion. But since Banks want you to think they are travel rewards, they sometime call it Miles, which has nothing to do with Airline Specific Miles. To a novice, a Mile is a Mile, right? So we end up with people thinking that these miles can be combined.
So what are each type of rewards and how do you use them?
Airline specific miles
These miles are the true Frequent Flyer miles. Originally, you would earn a mile for every mile you flew on an airline. Each airline has their own Frequent Flyer (FF) program, where you can accumulate miles. Some examples of these are Delta Skymiles, American AAdvantage Miles, and United MileagePlus Miles.
To earn these miles, you must have a FF account with the airline. So if you have a Citi AA card, the miles you earn from it will be deposited in your AA account. If your card earns you one mile per dollar spent, this usually means after each statement close, the bank will deposit 500 miles to your FF account if you spent $500 that month.
Once your mile is deposited in your FF account, it is no longer connected to your credit card. You can close your CC, and the miles would still be in your FF account. Since the miles are in specific FF plans associated with an airline, you usually cannot join the miles together for an award. If you are 1000 miles short in AA for a ticket, 50k miles in Delta can't help you at all.
Note that these are miles you either flown or earned through CC, and not how many miles you get to fly for free.
If you want to REDEEM your FF miles for free travel, your first step is to lookup the Award Chart for the airline in question. The award chart will tell you how many miles you need to get a free ticket to travel. For example, at the cheapest level, 25k AA miles will get you a Roundtrip ticket within the 48 states. This can be valuable, as no matter what the price of the ticket is, you will only pay 25k miles.
Airlines also have partner airlines, and you can often use your FF miles to fly on a partner airline. For example, since British Airways partner with AA, if you had BA miles (Called Avios), you can book flights on AA using Avios. You usually CANNOT transfer miles between partners. About the only exception being BA Avios and Iberia Avios.
Some of the cards that fit in this category are:
Airline specific points
Some airlines use a point system rather than miles. Two such examples are Southwest and JetBlue. In these programs, you earn points instead of miles on your CC spend, similar to other FF programs. However, they don't use award charts.
These programs usually prices their award ticket based on the selling price of the ticket. If a flight would cost $150 for the ticket, the award ticket can cost 10,000 points. If the cost of the ticket goes up to $300, then the points cost goes up to 20,000 points. In effect, the airline has set a fixed exchange rate for each point to the cost of the ticket. Note that each airline does their valuation differently, and some also have bands of pricing rather than direct conversion, further altering the valuation.
Some of the cards that fit in this category are:
Bank Program Points/Miles
This is where the confusion really starts. Citi offers you an AA card that earns AA miles, and Chase offers you a UA card that gives you United miles. But CapitalOne offers you Venture that earns 2 miles on every dollar spent! AND you can use it on every airline! Isn't this better than FF miles with a particular airline? Another card in this Category is the Barclay Arrival Plus, but at least in Barclays case, they just call it a point rather a mile.
Well, not really. If you read the fine print, the Venture Miles aren't miles in the FF miles sense. You can trade your Venture miles for a plane ticket using a 1 cent per mile conversion rate. So if you had 25k Venture Miles, you can buy a $250 ticket. Unless you get a good sale, a $250 ticket isn't going to get you across the country, while a 25k award ticket from an airline FF program can.
So are these Miles worse? Not necessarily. The 25k FF award ticket relies on the fact that award seats are available, while a bought ticket has much more availability, and you can actually earn more FF miles with the ticket. Another way these points are valuable is that they can be redeemed for more than just plane tickets, but also cruises or car rental.
However, if you are just earning these miles from daily spend, you maybe better off just getting a 2% cash back card, as in essence, that's pretty much Venture is giving you, just making you jump through one more hoop of redeeming for travel.
Since these points are tied to your credit card account, you will likely lose these points when you close the card. Sometimes, a bank may offer multiple cards generating the same points, and having one card open may allow you to keep all the points that has not been redeemed. Check with your bank for specifics.
Some of the cards that fit in this category are:
Convertible points
Some of the most highly valued CC reward are convertible points. These include:
Some of the characteristics with these points are that they are not directly affiliated with any airline or hotel, but are held by the CC bank. They usually can be Converted and transferred to a partners FF program. The ALSO can be used similar to bank program points, which means they can be used to buy tickets at a fixed value per point.
Since these points are tied to your credit card account, you will likely lose these points when you close the card. Some banks like Chase and AmEx allows you to keep your points as long as you have 1 card open earning those points. It is best to make sure before you close a card.
The value in Convertible points comes from their flexibility. If you need more UA miles, or some Hyatt points, you can just transfer them over from UR. If you want some JetBlue points, just transfer them over from MR. If you want to buy a ticket, Chase will sell you a ticket on any airline using UR points, at a ratio of 1.25 cents per point. Chase will even let you convert points to statement credit, at 1 cent per UR point.
Convertible points do have limitations. First of all, each program has a limited set of partners. You can't transfer to Hyatt using Citi or AmEx points, and you can't get Delta Skymiles using Chase UR points. Secondly, if you want/have to buy a ticket, then you would be better off using Bank program points like Barclay, which gives you an effective 2.2% back per dollar spent.
Some of the cards that fit in this category are:
The AmEx Starwood Preferred Guest card is unique. It earns SPG points, but SPG points can be transfered and converted to a large number of airline partners, often at a 1 SPG point to 1.25 FF Miles ratio. So folks often look upon it as the most preferable of the convertible points. This is the reason why you see folks claiming SPG points are worth 2.5 cents.
Conclusion
Hopefully, you have a better understanding of different type of rewards points and miles. To pick the right one for you, you really need to plan how you will be using the reward, and then apply for the right card to get that reward. You can diversify and get rewards in a lot of programs, but keep in mind that these are all distinct programs, and you likely won't be able to join them to book a single award ticket.
submitted by LumpyLump76 to churning [link] [comments]

Season ticket information help

I just logged onto my bluejays and was greeted with this consent form but have no clue what the changes are. Can anyone tell me what I have just agreed to?
Terms of Use
Your Consent to these Terms, and How these Terms may be Amended
The purchase of a 2017 season tickets package or a 2017 game pack product is subject to a Ticket Product Purchase Licence and, in the case of a 2017 game pack product, additional terms and conditions. In the event that I am currently completing my transaction for the purchase of one or more of such products, I confirm that I have carefully read and that I agree to comply with the applicable Ticket Product Purchase Licence and, if I am purchasing one or more game pack products, the applicable Game Pack Terms and Conditions.
You are currently using "My Toronto Blue Jays Account" features and functionalities, including advanced ticketing transaction technologies and services (such features, functionalities, technologies and services are collectively referred to as the "Advanced Services"). Some of the Advanced Services are provided by the Toronto Blue Jays and/or by MLB Advanced Media, L.P. ("MLBAM"), some of the Advanced Services are provided by Ticketmaster L.L.C. ("Ticketmaster") and some link you to services provided by StubHub, Inc. ("Secondary Provider") as set forth herein. The following are the "Terms" that govern your use of the Advanced Services. While using the Advanced Services you may see links that, when clicked on, will take you to Internet sites that are not part of the Advanced Services. Please review the terms of use appearing with those sites and services, as those terms will govern those sites and services and not these Terms. For example, when you use the Secondary Provider ticket resale marketplace and services (the "Secondary Marketplace"), you will be bound by the terms of the User Agreement and Privacy Policy applicable to the Secondary Provider web site (the "Secondary Website") and the Secondary Marketplace. If there is a conflict between these Terms and any other terms, then these Terms shall govern.
By using the Advanced Services, you expressly agree to be bound by and comply with these Terms, and all applicable laws and regulations, and also agree to be bound by any additional non-conflicting terms or conditions on which you have or will agree with Ticketmaster, MLBAM or the Toronto Blue Jays. These Terms shall constitute a valid, binding and enforceable legal agreement among you, the Toronto Blue Jays, MLBAM and Ticketmaster. There shall be no oral or implied agreement between you and Ticketmaster, you and the Toronto Blue Jays, you and MLBAM, or you, Ticketmaster, MLBAM and the Toronto Blue Jays that shall be binding or enforceable, and all parties agree not to claim that there is.
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All of these Terms shall apply to the use of each of the Advanced Services. However, also included in these Terms under the heading "Specific Additional Terms Governing Specific Advanced Services" are additional provisions that also govern your use of certain of the Advanced Services.
Violations of the Terms
If you violate the Terms, you may be prohibited from using the Advanced Services now or in the future, your transactions, distributions, deliveries, credit authorizations, payments, payment receipts, registrations, log-ins, ticket forwards, ticket postings, ticket sales, ticket purchases, ticket forwarding receptions, ticket orders, group management or participating or ticket management (any of the foregoing, or any other activities or transactions for which you use the Advanced Services, an "Activity"), or season, package, group or other tickets, may be cancelled, set-offs and debits may be taken against your accounts and credits and payments that would otherwise be owed to you, and appropriate legal actions may be taken against you.
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You may need to register with the Advanced Services, or receive a username and password, in order to use certain of the Advanced Services. You are solely responsible for maintaining the confidentiality of your username and password and are fully responsible for all Activities that occur under your username and password, regardless of whether undertaken by you or undertaken by someone who has received your username and password. If the Advanced Services are unable to verify or authenticate any information you provide during any Activity, you may be prohibited from using the Advanced Services.
Responsibility for Allowing Others Access to Tickets and Email Transmission Errors
Many of the Advanced Services use email and web site downloads to deliver electronic tickets which can be printed out, copied, saved and forwarded to others, either physically (i.e., after being printed out) or electronically. Despite the fact that multiple copies and print-outs of the same ticket can be created, only the first copy or print-out that is presented and scanned for admission at a venue will in fact be valid for admission; once that scanning occurs, all other copies and print-outs of that ticket will no longer be valid for entry. Accordingly, you agree to be solely responsible for safeguarding all tickets (and all pass codes, Internet addresses, emails and other places and means where tickets can be obtained) with great care, and you agree that if a ticket is copied, reprinted or forwarded to another person, or another person is given access to a ticket, neither Toronto Blue Jays, Ticketmaster, MLBAM nor anyone else will have any liability or responsibility for any print-outs or copies of the ticket not being valid for admission due to the previous admission scanning of another print-out or copy of the same ticket. Similarly, you agree that you will be solely responsible for distribution errors caused by you providing an inaccurate email address, for lost, stolen, damaged or destroyed tickets, and for lost, stolen, deleted, improperly addressed, forwarded or misdirected emails linking to Internet sites (or pass codes or Internet addresses) where tickets are accessible.
Authorization to Cancel a Ticket
By instructing the Advanced Services to forward, distribute, transfer or sell a ticket, you authorize Ticketmaster, MLBAM and the Toronto Blue Jays to issue to the recipient a valid ticket and to cancel and invalidate your ticket for the same seat at the same event. You agree that you will not sell, convey, give away, forward, otherwise distribute, try to use, or take any action that directly or indirectly allows to be cancelled or invalidated, any sold, conveyed, forwarded, otherwise distributed or otherwise cancelled or invalidated ticket.
ticketFast™
Many of the Advanced Services, such as Group Tickets and Season Tickets use ticketFast™. To read more about how ticketFast™ works, and hardware and software requirements for the recipient to read and print ticketFast™ tickets, click here.
Cancelled or Postponed Events
Occasionally, events are cancelled or postponed by the Toronto Blue Jays, Major League Baseball or the venue due to weather conditions or situations affecting the performers, players, other personnel or staff or the audience. Please review the Specific Additional Terms Governing Specific Advanced Services below for provisions applicable to cancelled or postponed events.
Title; Role of Toronto Blue Jays, Ticketmaster and MLB Advanced Media
All of this paragraph is subject to those parts of these Terms applicable to refunds and credits for cancelled or postponed events. All rights and obligations with respect to a ticket pass upon completion of a group ticket distribution (unless properly cancelled through the method described below), forward, purchase or sale transaction. For purposes hereof, "completion" shall occur (a) for a group ticket distribution transaction if the recipient pays for the ticket then upon the payment for a group ticket by the recipient, or instead of the group manager pays for the ticket then upon the use of the ticket to enter an event (or if not presented to enter an event, then upon the ticket's event start time), (b) for a season ticket forwarding transaction when the Advanced Services send (and before the recipient receives) the forwarded ticket, and (c) for a purchase or sale transaction when the ticket is posted to the Secondary Marketplace from the My Toronto Blue Jays Account" and a purchaser agrees to purchase such ticket from the Secondary Marketplace. Throughout these processes, none of Ticketmaster, MLBAM, the Toronto Blue Jays or Secondary Provider will ever take title to the ticket. Title will pass directly from the group manager to the ticket recipient in the case of a group ticket distribution (unless the recipient, and not the group manager, is the purchaser of the ticket, in which case title will pass directly from Toronto Blue Jays to the recipient, because the group manager will never have had title), directly from the ticket forwarder to the person to whom the forwarder has forwarded the ticket in the case of season ticket forwarding, and directly from the seller to the purchaser in the case of a sale transaction. Further, none of Ticketmaster, MLBAM or Secondary Provider is the agent of any party other than Toronto Blue Jays, as applicable. Such parties are service providers and/or technology providers, and as such are providing ticket cancellation, distribution, posting, forwarding, authentication, delivery and payment processing services, as applicable.
User Obligations
In exchange for your use of the Advanced Services, you agree: (a) to provide the Advanced Services with current, complete and accurate information about yourself ("Registration Data"), (b) to maintain and update your Registration Data as necessary to ensure that it remains current, complete and accurate; (c) not to use the Advanced Services for any illegal purpose; (d) not to impersonate any person or entity; (e) not to interfere with or disrupt networks connected to the Advanced Services or violate the regulations, policies or procedures of such networks; (f) not to attempt to gain unauthorized access to the Advanced Services, other accounts, computer systems or networks connected to the Advanced Services, through password mining or any other means; (g) not to engage in any other conduct which, in Ticketmaster's, the Toronto Blue Jays and/or MLBAM's sole discretion, is considered unauthorized or objectionable; and (h) not to use the Advanced Services in connection with any commercial endeavors other than to the extent permitted by Ticketmaster, the Toronto Blue Jays and/or MLBAM.
Service Modifications
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Service Outages
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Disclaimer; Limitation of Liability
Ticketmaster, the Toronto Blue Jays, MLBAM, the Office of the Commissioner of Baseball, its Bureaus, Committees, Subcommittees and Councils, Major League Baseball Enterprises, Inc., Major League Baseball Properties, Inc., each of the other Major League Baseball Clubs, and each of their subsidiaries or affiliated entities, any entity which, now or in the future, controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with the Major League Baseball Clubs or the Office of the Commissioner of Baseball, and its and their directors, officers and employees, their respective affiliates, successors, assignees and licensees, and each of the foregoing's respective officer, directors, employees and contractors (all such persons, the "Released Parties") do not make any guarantee that any tickets posted will be purchased through the Secondary Marketplace, or that any tickets forwarded or distributed will be accepted by the intended recipient. THE RELEASED PARTIES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, CONSEQUENTIAL OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF YOUR OR ANYONE ELSES' ACCESS TO, USE OF OR INABILITY TO USE THE ADVANCED SERVICES, THE SECONDARY MARKETPLACE, ANY INFORMATION PROVIDED ON THE ADVANCED SERVICES OR SECONDARY MARKETPLACE OR ANY TRANSACTIONS OR OTHER ACTIVITIES ENTERED INTO THROUGH THE ADVANCED SERVICES OR SECONDARY MARKETPLACE (EVEN IF SUCH RELEASED PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES). IN NO EVENT SHALL THE RELEASED PARTIES' AGGREGATE LIABILITY UNDER THESE TERMS EXCEED THE TOTAL AMOUNTS PAID BY YOU TO THE RELEASED PARTIES THROUGH THE USE OF THE ADVANCED SERVICES. WITHOUT LIMITING THE FOREGOING, THE ADVANCED SERVICES ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" AND "AS AVAILABLE" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. No information, whether oral or written, obtained by you from any Released Party shall create any warranty not expressly made in these Terms. No Released Party shall be liable for any damages to, or viruses that may infect, your computer equipment or other property on account of your access to or use of the Advanced Services, the Secondary Marketplace, the Toronto Blue Jays web site or the Secondary Website or your downloading of any material or information from, or referred to by, the Advanced Services, the Secondary Marketplace, the Toronto Blue Jays web site or the Secondary Website.
Indemnification
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Termination; Suspension
The Toronto Blue Jays and/or MLBAM may, in its sole discretion, and Ticketmaster may, if authorized by the Toronto Blue Jays and/or MLBAM, immediately terminate, suspend or restrict your right to use the Advanced Services at any time with or without cause, including without limitation if either finds that you have failed to comply with any provision of these Terms or if either believes, in its sole discretion, that you have in any way abused your right to use the Advanced Services or the Secondary Marketplace. None of Ticketmaster, MLBAM, or the Toronto Blue Jays shall be liable to you or to any third party for any claim or cause of action arising out of such termination, restriction or suspension.
Miscellaneous; Disputes; Consent to Binding Arbitration in California
These Terms shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of California. In the event of a dispute, you (as a user of the Advanced Services), Ticketmaster, MLBAM and the Toronto Blue Jays each agree to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the state and federal courts located in Los Angeles, California, and the parties consent to the exclusive and personal jurisdiction and venue of these courts and hereby agree that that dispute will be solely and finally settled in California by binding arbitration in accordance with the Commercial Arbitration Rules and Mediation Procedures of the American Arbitration Association, and the non-prevailing party in the arbitration shall pay the fees and expenses of the arbitrator(s) and the costs of arbitration and the enforcement of any award rendered therein, including the attorneys' fees and expenses of the prevailing party. In order to commence such a proceeding, please send a letter describing the dispute to Ticketmaster Legal Department, 8800 Sunset Blvd., West Hollywood, CA 90069. Ticketmaster's failure to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by Ticketmaster in writing. The Toronto Blue Jays's failure to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by the Toronto Blue Jays in writing. MLBAM's failure to exercise or enforce any right or provision of these Terms shall not constitute a waiver of such right or provision unless acknowledged and agreed to by MLBAM in writing. If a provision of these Terms is void or invalid under, or contravenes an, applicable law, then such provision shall be amended to the extent necessary to restore these Terms' validity, effect and compliance therewith. The Toronto Blue Jays, MLBAM and Ticketmaster shall not be jointly or severally liable for each other's actions or omissions. You will not hold Ticketmaster liable for any of the Toronto Blue Jays's or MLBAM's acts or omissions and you will not hold the Toronto Blue Jays or MLBAM liable for any of Ticketmaster's acts or omissions.
Specific Additional Terms Governing Specific Advanced Services
The below includes additional terms that are (in addition to the Terms above) applicable to specific Advanced Services, and, together with the above, constitute these "Terms."
Group Tickets
The Group Manager service allows a group manager to distribute group tickets by having the Advanced Services send emails to recipients that the group manager designates, and having those recipients click on links in the emails to visit a web site where they may retrieve the tickets through the use of Ticketmaster's ticketFast™ electronic delivery system. Each recipient will be responsible for printing out and using the tickets. In some cases the group manager will pay for the tickets. In other cases, the recipients will pay for the tickets. The group manager may be given a choice between these two options, or only one option will be offered to the group manager. If the group manager pays for a ticket, then the group manager may cancel the ticket's distribution at any time-even after the recipient has already collected the ticket, in which case the recipient's ticket will be cancelled and the recipient will not be able to use it to attend the event. If the recipient pays (i.e., the group manager does not pay) for a ticket, then the group manager may only cancel a distribution before the recipient pays for the ticket; once the recipient pays for a ticket the group manager will not be able to cancel it.
Before instructing the Advanced Services to purchase a group ticket, the purchaser should carefully review all purchase selections. The purchaser will not be able to obtain a refund or exchange after a ticket has been purchased, unless required by law.
If an event for which a group ticket is distributed via the Advanced Services is cancelled or postponed, please contact the Toronto Blue Jays directly to learn the status of the ticket, and to find out whether you, or anyone else, are eligible to receive a refund or credit.
Season Ticket Forwarding
The ticket forwarding service allows you to forward your season tickets for a game or event as an attachment to an email sent to an email address that you specify, through the use of Ticketmaster's ticketFast™ electronic delivery system. The recipient will then be responsible for printing out and using those season tickets. Once you have instructed the Advanced Services to forward a season ticket for a game or event, you will not be able to recall it, even if the Advanced Services have not yet sent it. You therefore agree to carefully review both the ticket information and the recipient information you have provided during the ticket forwarding process before instructing the Advanced Services to forward a ticket.
Tickets forwarded using the Advanced Services are subject to the ticket authentication and delivery fees as disclosed to you by the Toronto Blue Jays or the Advanced Services. You may be required to provide the Advanced Services with your credit card number and other information in order to pay such fees, which will be processed or collected by the Toronto Blue Jays, MLBAM or Ticketmaster. Such fees are not refundable under any circumstances.
If the Toronto Blue Jays offers a program that allows you to forward your tickets to a charity, you should read the rules posted relating to such program on the Toronto Blue Jays's web site. You should not assume that you will receive a tax deduction for forwarding tickets to a charity, or any documents that can be used to support a tax deduction, as you may not.
If an event for which a ticket is forwarded via the Advanced Services is cancelled or postponed, please contact the Toronto Blue Jays directly to learn the status of the ticket, and to find out whether you, or anyone else, are eligible to receive a refund or credit.
Posting Tickets for Sale
If you use the Advanced Services to post a ticket for sale on the Secondary Marketplace, you will be the ticket seller and none of the Toronto Blue Jays, MLBAM, or Ticketmaster are parties to such transaction. The sole purpose of the Toronto Blue Jays, MLBAM and Ticketmaster under these circumstances is to provide certain services and technology to facilitate the sale of your tickets through your use of the Advanced Services.
Before posting a ticket for sale on the Secondary Marketplace from your My Toronto Blue Jays Account, please consult the applicable pages of the Secondary Web Site through which you will be posting your ticket for sale (as well as the Secondary Provider's User Agreement, FAQs and Help sections), which detail the amounts that will be deducted, retained or charged from or over the sale price, the amounts that will be credited or remitted to you, the method by which you will receive such credit or remission and other terms applicable to the posting, sale and funds collection, retention, deduction and payment or crediting processes. Once a ticket has been posted on the Secondary Marketplace from your My Toronto Blue Jays Account and a purchaser has elected to purchase that ticket, you will not be able to modify or cancel your posting of that ticket, or to stop that ticket's sale, since title to that ticket passes to the purchaser upon such purchaser's agreement to purchase a ticket from the Secondary Marketplace. Secondary Provider will collect funds from the purchaser and Secondary Provider will transmit to you a credit or payment as described in Secondary Provider's User Agreement and in Secondary Provider's Seller Q&A.
By posting a ticket on the Secondary Marketplace from your My Toronto Blue Jays Account using the Advanced Services, you authorize Ticketmaster, MLBAM or the Toronto Blue Jays, as applicable, upon completion of the sale, to invalidate the barcode imprinted on that ticket and cancel your right to use or convey the ticket. You acknowledge that once you post a ticket for sale on the Secondary Marketplace from your My Toronto Blue Jays Account, such ticket will thereafter be invalid for entry to the applicable event by you or anyone other than the person who purchases that ticket on the Secondary Marketplace (or any person lawfully receiving the ticket from such acquirer) and you authorize Ticketmaster, MLBAM or the Toronto Blue Jays, as applicable, to issue a new ticket to the purchaser with a replacement bar code. Secondary Provider will be responsible for all payments to you in connection with any sales, you will solely hold Secondary Provider responsible for such payment and none of Ticketmaster, the Toronto Blue Jays, MLBAM or any other person or organization will be liable therefore.
You agree that you will not sell, convey, give away, forward, otherwise distribute, try to use or take any action that directly or indirectly allows to be cancelled or invalidated: (a) any ticket before or during any time that it is posted for sale on Secondary Marketplace from your My Toronto Blue Jays Account, (b) any sold, forwarded or otherwise cancelled or invalidated tickets, or (c) any ticket that you have already sold, conveyed, forwarded or otherwise distributed to another. Any attempt to use any invalidated ticket may result in your loss of eligibility to use the Advanced Services and the revocation of your season ticket account.
If an event for which you sell a ticket on the Secondary Marketplace from your My Toronto Blue Jays Account is cancelled after you have sold such ticket, Secondary Provider will issue a refund to a buyer in accordance with the terms of the Secondary Provider's User Agreement. Please refer to the Secondary Provider's Buyer Q&A for more detail on refund policies.
Ticket Purchasing
The Secondary Marketplace offers you the ability to purchase tickets from individuals and businesses that hold tickets purchased from the Toronto Blue Jays. These individuals and businesses are the sellers of the tickets, not the Toronto Blue Jays, MLBAM or Ticketmaster. None of Ticketmaster, MLBAM or the Toronto Blue Jays is the seller of any ticket you purchase through the Secondary Marketplace. Once you have made your election to purchase a ticket via the Secondary Marketplace, you are obligated to complete the transaction with the seller unless the transaction is prohibited by law or Secondary Provider's User Agreement. Any failure by you to pay for any ticket purchased through the Secondary Marketplace may result in your permanent disqualification from further use of the Secondary Marketplace, the Secondary Website or any of the Advanced Services.
After you have purchased the tickets, they will be sent to you as an attachment to an email sent to an email address that you specify, through the use of Ticketmaster's ticketFast™ electronic delivery system. You will be responsible for printing out and using the tickets. Once you have instructed the Advanced Services to send a ticketFast™ ticket, you will not be able to recall it.
Please note that any and all fees assessed on a ticket purchase above the listed ticket price on the Secondary Marketplace are at the discretion of Secondary Provider and subject to change without notice. None of Ticketmaster, MLBAM or the Toronto Blue Jays is acting as an agent for either the buyer or the seller.
If an event for which you have purchased a ticket through the Secondary Marketplace is postponed, Secondary Provider will issue you a refund in accordance with the Secondary Provider's User Agreement. Please refer to the Secondary Provider's Buyer Q&A to find out if you are eligible to receive a refund.
If an event for which you have purchased a ticket through the Secondary Marketplace is rescheduled, the ticket that you purchased will remain valid and use of such ticket will be subject to those policies applicable to Toronto Blue Jays ticket holders generally, as the Toronto Blue Jays may amend such policies from time to time. You are not entitled to a refund or to otherwise retract your purchase of any ticket because the event was rescheduled and it is your responsibility to verify any changes to the information printed on the ticket, including the date and time of the event.
Season Ticket Purchases; Suite Additionals; Rights of Refusal; Other Purchases and Services
The Advanced Services may be used in many cases to allow you to purchase or renew season tickets, register for season ticket waiting lists, to purchase rights of refusal for post season games or other game or event tickets, to purchase "suite additionals", to purchase concessions or parking, or to engage in other activities. If you elect to engage in any such transaction, then provisions additional to these Terms may apply. You will be notified of additional terms, if any, at the time you elect to engage in any such transaction.
Season Ticket Plan Purchases
The Advanced Services offer you the ability to purchase season tickets, subject to availability, from the Toronto Blue Jays. Once you have made your election to purchase inventory via the Advanced Services, your credit card will be charged the full cost of the ticket plan you have chosen and all applicable fees described on the purchase page. Before instructing the Advanced Services to purchase a season ticket plan, carefully review your selection. Amounts charged are non-refundable. You will not be able to obtain a refund or exchange after the season ticket plan has been purchased. Please check the purchase page to see which credit cards the Advanced Services accept for payment.
submitted by whymethistime to Torontobluejays [link] [comments]

Primaries, Parties, and Politics: A Primer for my Fellow Bernie Supporters

I've been noticing a trend lately of people wondering why we have closed primaries, why there are registration deadlines, and why people who aren't registered in a party can't participate. This post is to serve as a bit of a primer for people who are new to the process. First, let's look at...
WHAT IS A PARTY
A political party is a voluntary collection of similarly minded people who agree to work together for political gain. This is both good and bad, as we all know, but the fact of the matter is humans like to maximize their victories and minimize effort. So working together to accomplish goals, even if they're not perfect, far beats striving for perfection alone.
So you have in pretty much every country political parties. The US has many parties, however we have two main parties: The Democratic Party (CenteLeft) and the GOP (Republican) Party (or Right-Wing/Conservative). There is also the Socialist Party, Green Party, Libertarian Party, Nazi Party, etc. But we have those two looming big ones which wield a lot of power (hint: the larger your party, the more power and influence you have).
It is important to note that political parties are public/private organizations. They're private in that their business is conducted and determined ONLY by party members. Not outsiders. Not the other party. Very similar to corporations in terms of shareholders, unions in terms of members, or cities in terms of residents.
You can't vote for the board of directors for ABC corp if you don't have shares. You can't vote for a Union Leader if you're not part of the union. You can't vote on a city ballot measure if you live in unincorporated Bumfuckistan. This is a fact of life: you're not always entitled to participate in private entities. Political parties are private entities.
WHAT IS A PRIMARY
A primary is a contest to help determine who will represent the party membership in an election. This is important to remember. It's not determining who will represent the entire nation, or undecided voters who are not affiliated, it is solely determine who will represent the party.
WHY ARE PRIMARIES CLOSED, HAVE DEADLINES, ETC?
As I pointed out in discussing what a party is, the reason why primaries are often closed or have deadlines is because the only people who should be participating are party members. If you chose to not join a party, you don't get to participate. Much like if you never buy shares of Delta Airlines, but wake up one day and decide you want Sasha Baron Cohen to be the new president, you're shit out of luck: not a shareholder, no voice, no vote.
By choosing to remain outside of a political party, you are choosing to not have a voice in that political party. If you want to have a voice in a political party, you must become a member OF that political party.

FAQs

What if someone doesn't know who they're going to vote for until 10 minutes before polls close?
Well, they should have figured out a long time ago whether or not they want to participate in a political party, what political party they want to participate in, and registered with that party.
Some people within a party don't always know who they will support until they're in the booth. "Do I choose Clinton? I sure did like the 1990's. But that Bernie fellow has some great ideas... hmmmmmmmmmm..." It happens. BUT, the big difference between them and the people standing outside staring at their "unaffiliated" voter card and crying they can't vote is... THEY JOINED THE PARTY.
If you want to participate in a party, join a party.
But I hate partisan politics/want to remain free to vote for whomever
Guess what? YOU STILL CAN! If you're a registered Democratic Party member, despite not being able to participate in the GOP nominating process, if you wake up the morning of the general election and go "You know, the Democratic Party guy for Governor is a dick. I like that family-values Republican!" and you can march down and vote for him/her! You're still free to vote whomever you want! There are disadvantages to this as you're voting against your own party's interests, but you're still free to do it. No one will know. (Pssttt.. when I first could vote, I was a registered Green but voted for the Republican nominee because the person put up for Democratic Party nominee for Governor of my state sucked and I knew the Republican was a decent guy).
But doesn't this perpetuate the broken two-party system
Perhaps... but being a Unaffiliated voter doesn't do anything other than rob yourself of power and influence. Your neighbor who is a Precinct Committee person has 1,000x more power than you. Why? At least in Colorado (this is true for many other states) if a house/legislative seat is vacated (house member dies, retires, whatever) the PCPs for the house district participate in picking the replacement. House District 3 here in Colorado is someone who got his seat initially through this process! And because he's a good guy and incumbents have an advantage, he's kept his seat!
Ok, but what if I REALLY don't like the Democratic Party but still want to vote for Bernie
You have two options: Become a member before your state's deadline... or hope he wins the nomination. That's it, Jack. You don't have other options. Your Non-partisan status exempts you from this.
Why not have open primaries or same-day registration?
Open primaries are bad due to brigading, first off. Your guy is a shoe-in for the nomination but you want to make sure the other side nominates the guy with crooked teeth and an even more crooked soul? Brigade that shit. It happens. You don't want it to happen to your party. Same day registration for people who are currently non-partisan and have been for at least a year or so could be a good thing, but it would have to be carefully crafted to prevent brigading.
OK, so I get all of this but disagree with it! We should all get to vote! We're being disenfranchised!
First off, no, you're not. You're not entitled to participate in a party you don't belong to. Much like you have no right to participate in a company you don't own, a city you don't live in, or a union you don't belong to. So get that to sink in.
Second, you're not disenfranchised because you're not voting for an office, you're voting for a nominee. A representative of a party. Would you want people from New York being able to come to your state and participate in your Senate or House elections, just because what happens in Congress affects them? NO! You wouldn't! Primaries are for party members only. Period.
Lastly: It doesn't matter if you disagree... it's how the world works. I disagree with gravity. It makes me heavier than I'd like. Doesn't mean I can change it and still stay on Earth.
But, but, I love Bernie!
Alas, so do I. I have since I was in High School. He made me feel comfortable expressing that I am a Democratic Socialist. He and I both agree: it's easier to do a political revolution by changing a party from within (as he is doing) than standing up a whole new party and trying to beat the bigger monster. Democrats have universal ballot access. The Green Party does not. And while I agree with the Greens more, the likelihood of that party ever getting it's shit together (and I was a registered and participating party member for a while, I know how it runs on the inside) is going to be a cold day in hell. It's a fringe party that has a bad habit of running shit candidates and being lead by the same kind of people who think Monsanto is out to kill us all, GMOs are full of horrible cancer-causing chemicals, etc. (lefty conspiracy theorists). I love much of the platform, but bawgawd it's batshit insane on the inside.
But if you haven't noticed, Bernie had to become a member of the Democratic Party to run on the Democratic Party Ticket!
But I didn't know about him before yesterday
And to that I have to say... I'm really sorry to hear you're so disconnected with the world. Pick up some podcasts, try to become more globally aware. Read more news, less blogs. The MSM may need to be taken with a grain of salt, it still is a great source of information. I first heard about Bernie through MSNBC! YEARS AGO! If you live under a rock, I can't have sympathy for you. Sorry, but this is 2016. Between NPR Terrestrial Radio, Podcasts, TV, the Internet, etc. there is no excuse for being disconnected from what is going on in the world. None.
You're a wanker, Mr. GringodelRio
This is probably true.
Why should I listen to you? What are your credentials?
I attended the American Legion Boys' State program in high school. Look it up, it's a great program that teaches how government works (they also have Girls' State for the ladies). I also was at one time majoring in Political Science, but that taught me little of what I know. The rest was high school level social studies that I didn't fall asleep in and ALBS. Beyond that... I just take the time to become aware of my surroundings and I engage as much as I can to varying degrees in my political system because citizen involvement is critical. Failing to do that is how we get corrupt systems. Sunlight disinfects, and the only way sunlight gets in is if citizens care and pay attention, and journalists are on the beat. The former helps pay for the latter and works as a team.
Whew, that's it. That's my civics primer. I hope that people will read this whole thing, take it to heart, and understand the system is not out to screw you... you have to know and play by the rules, and that the rules are there for damn good reasons even if you don't know what they are. You may disagree with them too, and are free to encourage change and maybe you'll be successful. That's how representative republics work.
submitted by GringodelRio to SandersForPresident [link] [comments]

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