Become an Affiliate - College Degrees

Starting EMS program soon and a little overwhelmed - I have a few questions!

I am going back to school to start an EMT-B program in the fall and taking a couple of paramedic pre-reqs this summer. Had a long conversation with a paramedic friend and it was very affirming that this is the right path for me. Hoping to transfer to a 1-yr program at Colorado Mountain College in the spring. Stoked because this has been my dream since high school but I never went after it (family wasn't stoked on it) and I am finally pursuing it!
Just found this sub and the EMS sub, and reading through some of the stuff was almost a little overwhelming, and I realized I have some basic questions Google didn't answer well. If you have answers on any of these I apprexiate any insight, but don't feel compelled to answer everything.
Do you learn some of the terminology and acronyms as you go? I thought I new a decent amount but I didn't understand some of these threads.
Also, how do you pick a paramedic program? Are they mostly community college affiliated programs? That is what I have been looking at and planning on. (Also any insight on scholarship opprtunities to apply for is welcomed!)
After you finish and pass the exams, do most fresh EMTs and paramedics start out with private companies (like AMR, the big one in my area)? What do you need to get a contract with a hospital or a fire department? If you have worked on both sides (private/community), which did you prefer?
What further certifications do you recommend getting (or looking into) after a year or so of experience? What options even are there, and where/how do you get those certs? Ex: to become a flight paramedic, etc?
What other "career ladder" options would you say there are within EMS? (Just curious to look at ways to one day grow if I want to!)
TIA for any help! Honestly just spitballing questions because I moved my timeline up for school because of the pandemic and economy, and it's becoming very real very quickly!
submitted by realchubbyunicorn to NewToEMS [link] [comments]

One fantastic college to consider going to if you are a national merit finalist is USF ( not UCF). USF awards full cost of attendance, guaranteed housing $20,000 stipend and $2000 towards studying abroad. USF also has a 7 year medical program (bs/md) that is affiliated with a top 50 medical school.

submitted by eritrean-adonai to psat [link] [comments]

Awhere I live it seems that most doctors work for a hospital. Like St Paul’s pediatric group. They aren’t allowed to have people shadow them unless it is through the hospitals formal shadowing program which is only affiliated with a local college. Anyone else encounter this?

submitted by c1arabe11e to premed [link] [comments]

My Startup's Story (Barters Closet)

I'm friends with bandholz of Beardbrand and he suggested that I tell the story of my startup - Barters Closet. I would love your feedback on the website and any general advice would be greatly appreciated.
The Back Story
I’ve spent the last two years developing a website for people to exchange clothes in a social setting. My goal is to create a virtual thrift store where people can buy, sell and swap clothes. I was shopping at thrift stores to find unique apparel, but after a while I had more clothes than I knew what to do with. I wondered if there was an online place to find people like me and to trade clothes. I couldn’t find one, so at age 20, I decided to leave college and create one.
I had no idea at the time what I was getting into. It seemed simple to me, somewhat going by the “build it, and they will come” mantra. Well, both building it and generating traffic has been a lot harder than I expected.
In college I earned favorable grades and made good friends, but all the while I was utterly depressed. I didn’t feel like I was doing anything worthwhile with my time. I struggled with what my purpose was. I knew this is why people go to college, but I felt like it wasn’t what I was supposed to be doing.
On a whim, I visited a monastery in Oxford Michigan to hopefully discover what it was I was missing. The Monastery was exactly where I needed to be at that time in my life. I spent most of my days in silence walking around the property. It wasn’t long before I realized I had no desire to leave.
I became close with one of the monks and told him I would like to stay. He said that would be fine, but that I shouldn’t, that I was worth much more “out there”. He told me to stop looking for what I was missing, and instead focus on what I was. In a meditation I did just that, and for whatever reason I came out of it with the idea to create an online clothing exchange. I wrote the business plan while I was at the monastery and a slide deck to accompany it.
The Build
When I got home, I hit the ground running with what I then called SocknSweater (my two favorite clothing items). During high school and college I had a job working for my father’s ecommerce startup and had made some connections while working there, I teamed up with the developer who was also a friend of mine and started building the beta. Right around that time, Startup Weekend had just come to my town for the first time and I decided to participate. In a last minute decision before pitching, I changed the name from SocknSweater to Barters Closet. We won Startup Weekend under the category of Best UI/UX.
At Startup Weekend I learned the Lean Startup Mentality and began focusing on developing a Minimum Viable Product. Immediately afterward I recruited two more people to join my team including another web developer and a graphic designer. Having no capital, they agreed to work for sweat equity.
Fast forward two years and now only one of those three original partners is still working with me. The project proved to be too difficult for both the developers and I was forced to secure seed funding to pay a contractor. I'm fortunate my father values entrepreneurship and he agreed to invest the money he would have used to pay for college into Barters Closet. In addition to his investment, I was able to secure a total of $180,000 from friends, family and angels. We were successful in raising capital, in part, because of the recognition we received as a Startup Weekend winner.
We initially began development on an open source auction software platform, but found that it did not accommodate our needs. Subsequently, we partnered with a local software development company to build our website. Throughout, we’ve bootstrapped (and bartered) to keep costs down.
The site went live about a month ago and we’ve been gathering as much feedback as possible before doing a national press release. There are a lot of details I obviously omitted, but this is the Barters Closet story in a nutshell. We’re still tweaking some aspects of the site (and finding bugs), but it’s definitely at the point of being a Minimum Viable Product. I would very much appreciate your feedback on our site and any suggestions you might have to optimize our marketing campaign.
The Details (TL;DR)
*Startup Weekend winning project that moved on to business.
submitted by conaer to Entrepreneur [link] [comments]

I never posted an exit story. So for those of you that like stories, here is a TBM that made it through a Philosophy degree program and is living proof that a college education /shifting political affiliation isn't a cause to become Exmo like my family prefers to believe. TL;DR

TL;DR Philosophy major is able to make it through his classes without ever questioning TSCC until he wants to learn more about the amazing lives of Joseph Smith's other wives, existentialism and faith crisis hits, managed to marry an amazing wife that was willing to be objective (probably because there were aspects of TSCC culture that we felt members embraced too much) and we are both out with two lovely kids. Shout out to Utah Valley Exmos. Sorry for any typos or grammar mistakes.
I was full on TBM who had built up a reputation on my mission and at home as someone who could defend anything and everything about the church with anything (seculaphilosophical knowledge and/or spiritual/testimony, etc) and had just walked out of the Legacy Theater in the JS memorial building, after having watched the JS movie there. In the intro to the film, JS's adoptive daughter was talking to Emma in her later years and it mentioned that Emma struggled with JS's polygamy. After exiting the building I noticed that bronze statue of Emma and Joseph in a depiction of how much love they must have had for each other. I thought to myself, God wouldn't allow any mockery of marriage, so if Joseph Smith married other women, then other wives must be equally amazing as was Emma, each with their own story of sacrifice, nobility, and each with amazing testimonies.
So I dove into their lives thinking I was going to discover a little forgotten piece of LDS history that would strengthen my testimony. I didn't get around to it for a while, but the interest was still there, and strangely enough little things popped up on FB about a timeline of Joseph's wives. I thought great, someone has already done a lot of the research and this will save me a lot of time. Boom, first thing in the time line: FANNY ALGER. I thought, WTF; this is entirely made up or taken out of context.
So I went to the LDS Essays, which I expected to settle all of my questions that were popping up in one satisfying motion. Nope; I only received superficial answers and possible explanations. So I searched for unbiased research that had been done on JS's wives. I came across FARMS and FAIR thinking TSCC wasn't going to go full academia on the public with the essays and instead must have put out a watered down version of what all the church historians and researchers really knew since they were knee deep in it and could most definitely settle things. NOPE! Their answers only made God's will harder to understand since it all seemed so inconsistent and contradictory which isn't God is taught to us. At best the answers from apologists were, "we just don't have enough information."
I attempted to talk to my wife about it later that evening that apparently JS may have committed a very serious sin while acting as the Prophet. I was assuming at the time, that maybe this is why JS's life was so hard at times, or maybe this tied into some other loss of priesthood for a time that tied into other things I had been taught in Sunday school. My wife, didn't receive my announcement very well because as she saw it, if a prophet couldn't keep his covenants, what hope was there for someone like her. I told her that this was a big of a deal as having someone accuse your spouse of an affair; if there are holes in your spouses timeline and they match up with the accusations, you can't just leave it alone. She asked me to be very careful in reading more about it and made me promise only research from church approved sources. I agreed because I sure as hell didn't want to face the reality of at best JS being a fallen prophet, but at worst he was a fraud.
There was much prayer, fasting, and serving in the ward; but after looking at the research done by apologists in an effort to help with my prayers and scripture study I had to put it all on the shelf for a while because I didn't like where it was going, and thought God sometimes answers things if you just give it time; kind of like making sure to get enough sleep while studying for a big test instead of cramming the whole night.
I gave it at least 3-6 months for God to help. Nothing ever came, and little by little no matter how bad I wanted to hold on to my testimony, I couldn't help but feel like I had just seen the man behind the curtain or the trick behind a magic act? I couldn't unseen what I had seen. TSCC, meetings, lessons, General Conference all seemed so hollow. I even fasted before General Conference listening for any message that had to either do with polygamy directly or a message to doubters. I was pissed that all I got was Elder Ballard saying where else are you going to go? Really?! You have a heap of evidence stacked against you, it all lines up with holes in your own stories, and all you can say is you won't find happiness without us. I knew at that point that this was the language of an abusive relationship and the shelf broke. But how did I break it to my wife? We had nearly had an argument just at the mention of JS possibly doing something wrong.
While I look back at this now, and wish I had brought my wife in with me to really dive into the accusations TSCC was dealing with; at the time I thought okay if TSCC is false the evidence will be there. I committed myself to objectivity and that either my doubts were going to be killed by this and I would have unshaken faith once and for all, or I was definitely never coming back. Polygamy was going to be my starting point.
I started compiling research on JS's wives (How they first met him?, The circumstance leading up to the marriage?, What methods were used to convince people to do it?, What were the EXACT rules for polygamy outlined in D&C 132? Did the practices match to the doctrine taught? Was the first husband aware?, What was Emma's knowledge of the marriages and was she ever lied to? Were the first husbands of polyandrous marriages ever offered a chance to be sealed to their wives? etc). Slowly other items I put up on the shelf all slowly started coming to my memory (God ordering genocide in the OT, blacks and the priesthood, 116 lost pages, etc). My mind was beginning to reject and throw up the Kool-aid. All I could do was just suffer through while the house of cards collapsed. The more research I did, the more I knew Joseph Smith was a fraud at this point for being a complete lying dirt bad, but how did this match up with the BoM, and the Witnesses, visitations of angels and the restoration of the priesthood? Was he just a fallen prophet? Then it hit me, if TSCC could have cherry-picked the history surrounding JS and polygamy to give members a more favorable view; then the same could be true for everything from the beginning. I decided to talk to my wife about the conclusions I had come to since I didn't really need much else other than knowing that JS was a dirt bag who lied, manipulated through deception his plural wives, couldn't follow his own rules on sex; and TSCC had covered it up making them just as guilty and illegitimate as well.
I put my kids to bed, and said a prayer going up the stairs to talk to my wife asking in one last act of desperation that if I was making a serious mistake to PLEASE, PLEASE stop me from what I was about to do. After a long night of my just spilling my guts where my wife hardly said a word, a few weeks of open discussion, a friend that was already out telling me that I should read the CES letter as well, and an agreement between my DW that there wouldn't be anymore solo investigations; we both read the CES, and with some hesitation we removed our garments, kept our tithing money, and begun to wonder just what things we would end up doing now that TSCC couldn't tell us what to do. We are both living happier than ever out of the church.
Note that nothing in there had anything to do with going off to college and being brainwashed or supporting Bernie Sanders.
submitted by ragin2cajun to exmormon [link] [comments]

Accepted Internship offer from company affiliated with my college and outside program, Another offer

Hey guys,
I am currently a college student in my third year of study in computer science. This year is a pivotal year in the development of my career since it is the last summer I have for an internship. Last semester, I was hustling to land an internship for the summer. I received a few offers late last semester and chose the best one I had at that time worried that I was hearing nothing from many of the ones I actually wanted. Meanwhile, after I made this choice, I heard back from a few companies that I was very excited about. During this process, I somehow managed to score an internship with one of the "Big 4" and am even in the final round with another. I am not sure what I should do at this point having already committed to an internship a few months ago. If I give up the "Big 4" internship, I feel like I will regret it. On the other hand, I look unprofessional and dishonest saying no to a company that helped me rush through the process as short deadlines loomed over me, had an executive take the time to talk to me to convince me to accept, and, worst of all, has partnerships with both my college and to the career development program I am affiliated with. Do I give up the "Big 4" offer I am pursuing or do I go ahead and take it, likely being blacklisted at that company and causing issues with the relationship between my college + career development program and the company. Thank you for your advice!
TL;DR: Accepted offer from company two months ago likely with help from their partnership with my college + career development program. Just got offer from "Big 4". Do I give up the opportunity or do I risk causing problems for myself and others? How do I go about this?
submitted by LostSoulBigCity to cscareerquestions [link] [comments]

Affiliate Programs for College Market

Which affiliate programs are aimed at selling products/services to college students?
submitted by HackActivist to Affiliatemarketing [link] [comments]

The University of Hawaiʻi Sea Grant College Program received $149,972 to develop new opportunities in shellfish farming for Hawaiʻi and the U.S. affiliated Pacific Islands.

submitted by madazzahatter to oceans [link] [comments]

Affiliate Programs for College Market

Which affiliate programs are aimed at selling products/services to college students?
submitted by HackActivist to AffiliateMarket [link] [comments]

The College of Forestry and Conservation at the University of Montana appoints Ruth Swaney, an enrolled tribal member of the Three Affiliated Tribes on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, as coordinator of the Native American Natural Resource Program

The College of Forestry and Conservation at the University of Montana appoints Ruth Swaney, an enrolled tribal member of the Three Affiliated Tribes on the Fort Berthold Indian Reservation, as coordinator of the Native American Natural Resource Program submitted by whiskeydeltatango to IndianCountry [link] [comments]

Letter from a Birmingham Jail

With all of the recent discussion of the protests and riots following George Floyd's murder I thought it was worth remembering that this conversation has occurred before. Many objected to the tactics used by the Civil Rights movement with the same arguments and criticism that we hear today. I think they ring as hollow now as they did then. I think we could do well to read MLK's words and reflect on whether we want to be embracing the arguments that were so eloquently criticized here.
My Dear Fellow Clergymen:
While confined here in the Birmingham city jail, I came across your recent statement calling my present activities "unwise and untimely." Seldom do I pause to answer criticism of my work and ideas. If I sought to answer all the criticisms that cross my desk, my secretaries would have little time for anything other than such correspondence in the course of the day, and I would have no time for constructive work. But since I feel that you are men of genuine good will and that your criticisms are sincerely set forth, I want to try to answer your statement in what I hope will be patient and reasonable terms.
I think I should indicate why I am here in Birmingham, since you have been influenced by the view which argues against "outsiders coming in." I have the honor of serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, an organization operating in every southern state, with headquarters in Atlanta, Georgia. We have some eighty five affiliated organizations across the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights. Frequently we share staff, educational and financial resources with our affiliates. Several months ago the affiliate here in Birmingham asked us to be on call to engage in a nonviolent direct action program if such were deemed necessary. We readily consented, and when the hour came we lived up to our promise. So I, along with several members of my staff, am here because I was invited here. I am here because I have organizational ties here.
But more basically, I am in Birmingham because injustice is here. Just as the prophets of the eighth century B.C. left their villages and carried their "thus saith the Lord" far beyond the boundaries of their home towns, and just as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and carried the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I compelled to carry the gospel of freedom beyond my own home town. Like Paul, I must constantly respond to the Macedonian call for aid.
Moreover, I am cognizant of the interrelatedness of all communities and states. I cannot sit idly by in Atlanta and not be concerned about what happens in Birmingham. Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere. We are caught in an inescapable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of destiny. Whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. Never again can we afford to live with the narrow, provincial "outside agitator" idea. Anyone who lives inside the United States can never be considered an outsider anywhere within its bounds.
You deplore the demonstrations taking place in Birmingham. But your statement, I am sorry to say, fails to express a similar concern for the conditions that brought about the demonstrations. I am sure that none of you would want to rest content with the superficial kind of social analysis that deals merely with effects and does not grapple with underlying causes. It is unfortunate that demonstrations are taking place in Birmingham, but it is even more unfortunate that the city's white power structure left the Negro community with no alternative.
In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist; negotiation; self purification; and direct action. We have gone through all these steps in Birmingham. There can be no gainsaying the fact that racial injustice engulfs this community. Birmingham is probably the most thoroughly segregated city in the United States. Its ugly record of brutality is widely known. Negroes have experienced grossly unjust treatment in the courts. There have been more unsolved bombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation. These are the hard, brutal facts of the case. On the basis of these conditions, Negro leaders sought to negotiate with the city fathers. But the latter consistently refused to engage in good faith negotiation.
Then, last September, came the opportunity to talk with leaders of Birmingham's economic community. In the course of the negotiations, certain promises were made by the merchants--for example, to remove the stores' humiliating racial signs. On the basis of these promises, the Reverend Fred Shuttlesworth and the leaders of the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights agreed to a moratorium on all demonstrations. As the weeks and months went by, we realized that we were the victims of a broken promise. A few signs, briefly removed, returned; the others remained. As in so many past experiences, our hopes had been blasted, and the shadow of deep disappointment settled upon us. We had no alternative except to prepare for direct action, whereby we would present our very bodies as a means of laying our case before the conscience of the local and the national community. Mindful of the difficulties involved, we decided to undertake a process of self purification. We began a series of workshops on nonviolence, and we repeatedly asked ourselves: "Are you able to accept blows without retaliating?" "Are you able to endure the ordeal of jail?" We decided to schedule our direct action program for the Easter season, realizing that except for Christmas, this is the main shopping period of the year. Knowing that a strong economic-withdrawal program would be the by product of direct action, we felt that this would be the best time to bring pressure to bear on the merchants for the needed change.
Then it occurred to us that Birmingham's mayoral election was coming up in March, and we speedily decided to postpone action until after election day. When we discovered that the Commissioner of Public Safety, Eugene "Bull" Connor, had piled up enough votes to be in the run off, we decided again to postpone action until the day after the run off so that the demonstrations could not be used to cloud the issues. Like many others, we waited to see Mr. Connor defeated, and to this end we endured postponement after postponement. Having aided in this community need, we felt that our direct action program could be delayed no longer.
You may well ask: "Why direct action? Why sit ins, marches and so forth? Isn't negotiation a better path?" You are quite right in calling for negotiation. Indeed, this is the very purpose of direct action. Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking. But I must confess that I am not afraid of the word "tension." I have earnestly opposed violent tension, but there is a type of constructive, nonviolent tension which is necessary for growth. Just as Socrates felt that it was necessary to create a tension in the mind so that individuals could rise from the bondage of myths and half truths to the unfettered realm of creative analysis and objective appraisal, so must we see the need for nonviolent gadflies to create the kind of tension in society that will help men rise from the dark depths of prejudice and racism to the majestic heights of understanding and brotherhood. The purpose of our direct action program is to create a situation so crisis packed that it will inevitably open the door to negotiation. I therefore concur with you in your call for negotiation. Too long has our beloved Southland been bogged down in a tragic effort to live in monologue rather than dialogue.
One of the basic points in your statement is that the action that I and my associates have taken in Birmingham is untimely. Some have asked: "Why didn't you give the new city administration time to act?" The only answer that I can give to this query is that the new Birmingham administration must be prodded about as much as the outgoing one, before it will act. We are sadly mistaken if we feel that the election of Albert Boutwell as mayor will bring the millennium to Birmingham. While Mr. Boutwell is a much more gentle person than Mr. Connor, they are both segregationists, dedicated to maintenance of the status quo. I have hope that Mr. Boutwell will be reasonable enough to see the futility of massive resistance to desegregation. But he will not see this without pressure from devotees of civil rights. My friends, I must say to you that we have not made a single gain in civil rights without determined legal and nonviolent pressure. Lamentably, it is an historical fact that privileged groups seldom give up their privileges voluntarily. Individuals may see the moral light and voluntarily give up their unjust posture; but, as Reinhold Niebuhr has reminded us, groups tend to be more immoral than individuals.
We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed. Frankly, I have yet to engage in a direct action campaign that was "well timed" in the view of those who have not suffered unduly from the disease of segregation. For years now I have heard the word "Wait!" It rings in the ear of every Negro with piercing familiarity. This "Wait" has almost always meant "Never." We must come to see, with one of our distinguished jurists, that "justice too long delayed is justice denied."
We have waited for more than 340 years for our constitutional and God given rights. The nations of Asia and Africa are moving with jetlike speed toward gaining political independence, but we still creep at horse and buggy pace toward gaining a cup of coffee at a lunch counter. Perhaps it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, "Wait." But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your black brothers and sisters; when you see the vast majority of your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in an airtight cage of poverty in the midst of an affluent society; when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six year old daughter why she can't go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see ominous clouds of inferiority beginning to form in her little mental sky, and see her beginning to distort her personality by developing an unconscious bitterness toward white people; when you have to concoct an answer for a five year old son who is asking: "Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?"; when you take a cross county drive and find it necessary to sleep night after night in the uncomfortable corners of your automobile because no motel will accept you; when you are humiliated day in and day out by nagging signs reading "white" and "colored"; when your first name becomes "nigger," your middle name becomes "boy" (however old you are) and your last name becomes "John," and your wife and mother are never given the respected title "Mrs."; when you are harried by day and haunted by night by the fact that you are a Negro, living constantly at tiptoe stance, never quite knowing what to expect next, and are plagued with inner fears and outer resentments; when you are forever fighting a degenerating sense of "nobodiness"--then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait. There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into the abyss of despair. I hope, sirs, you can understand our legitimate and unavoidable impatience. You express a great deal of anxiety over our willingness to break laws. This is certainly a legitimate concern. Since we so diligently urge people to obey the Supreme Court's decision of 1954 outlawing segregation in the public schools, at first glance it may seem rather paradoxical for us consciously to break laws. One may well ask: "How can you advocate breaking some laws and obeying others?" The answer lies in the fact that there are two types of laws: just and unjust. I would be the first to advocate obeying just laws. One has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws. I would agree with St. Augustine that "an unjust law is no law at all."
Now, what is the difference between the two? How does one determine whether a law is just or unjust? A just law is a man made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unjust law is a code that is out of harmony with the moral law. To put it in the terms of St. Thomas Aquinas: An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in eternal law and natural law. Any law that uplifts human personality is just. Any law that degrades human personality is unjust. All segregation statutes are unjust because segregation distorts the soul and damages the personality. It gives the segregator a false sense of superiority and the segregated a false sense of inferiority. Segregation, to use the terminology of the Jewish philosopher Martin Buber, substitutes an "I it" relationship for an "I thou" relationship and ends up relegating persons to the status of things. Hence segregation is not only politically, economically and sociologically unsound, it is morally wrong and sinful. Paul Tillich has said that sin is separation. Is not segregation an existential expression of man's tragic separation, his awful estrangement, his terrible sinfulness? Thus it is that I can urge men to obey the 1954 decision of the Supreme Court, for it is morally right; and I can urge them to disobey segregation ordinances, for they are morally wrong.
Let us consider a more concrete example of just and unjust laws. An unjust law is a code that a numerical or power majority group compels a minority group to obey but does not make binding on itself. This is difference made legal. By the same token, a just law is a code that a majority compels a minority to follow and that it is willing to follow itself. This is sameness made legal. Let me give another explanation. A law is unjust if it is inflicted on a minority that, as a result of being denied the right to vote, had no part in enacting or devising the law. Who can say that the legislature of Alabama which set up that state's segregation laws was democratically elected? Throughout Alabama all sorts of devious methods are used to prevent Negroes from becoming registered voters, and there are some counties in which, even though Negroes constitute a majority of the population, not a single Negro is registered. Can any law enacted under such circumstances be considered democratically structured?
Sometimes a law is just on its face and unjust in its application. For instance, I have been arrested on a charge of parading without a permit. Now, there is nothing wrong in having an ordinance which requires a permit for a parade. But such an ordinance becomes unjust when it is used to maintain segregation and to deny citizens the First-Amendment privilege of peaceful assembly and protest.
I hope you are able to see the distinction I am trying to point out. In no sense do I advocate evading or defying the law, as would the rabid segregationist. That would lead to anarchy. One who breaks an unjust law must do so openly, lovingly, and with a willingness to accept the penalty. I submit that an individual who breaks a law that conscience tells him is unjust, and who willingly accepts the penalty of imprisonment in order to arouse the conscience of the community over its injustice, is in reality expressing the highest respect for law.
Of course, there is nothing new about this kind of civil disobedience. It was evidenced sublimely in the refusal of Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego to obey the laws of Nebuchadnezzar, on the ground that a higher moral law was at stake. It was practiced superbly by the early Christians, who were willing to face hungry lions and the excruciating pain of chopping blocks rather than submit to certain unjust laws of the Roman Empire. To a degree, academic freedom is a reality today because Socrates practiced civil disobedience. In our own nation, the Boston Tea Party represented a massive act of civil disobedience.
We should never forget that everything Adolf Hitler did in Germany was "legal" and everything the Hungarian freedom fighters did in Hungary was "illegal." It was "illegal" to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler's Germany. Even so, I am sure that, had I lived in Germany at the time, I would have aided and comforted my Jewish brothers. If today I lived in a Communist country where certain principles dear to the Christian faith are suppressed, I would openly advocate disobeying that country's antireligious laws.
I must make two honest confessions to you, my Christian and Jewish brothers. First, I must confess that over the past few years I have been gravely disappointed with the white moderate. I have almost reached the regrettable conclusion that the Negro's great stumbling block in his stride toward freedom is not the White Citizen's Counciler or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate, who is more devoted to "order" than to justice; who prefers a negative peace which is the absence of tension to a positive peace which is the presence of justice; who constantly says: "I agree with you in the goal you seek, but I cannot agree with your methods of direct action"; who paternalistically believes he can set the timetable for another man's freedom; who lives by a mythical concept of time and who constantly advises the Negro to wait for a "more convenient season." Shallow understanding from people of good will is more frustrating than absolute misunderstanding from people of ill will. Lukewarm acceptance is much more bewildering than outright rejection.
I had hoped that the white moderate would understand that law and order exist for the purpose of establishing justice and that when they fail in this purpose they become the dangerously structured dams that block the flow of social progress. I had hoped that the white moderate would understand that the present tension in the South is a necessary phase of the transition from an obnoxious negative peace, in which the Negro passively accepted his unjust plight, to a substantive and positive peace, in which all men will respect the dignity and worth of human personality. Actually, we who engage in nonviolent direct action are not the creators of tension. We merely bring to the surface the hidden tension that is already alive. We bring it out in the open, where it can be seen and dealt with. Like a boil that can never be cured so long as it is covered up but must be opened with all its ugliness to the natural medicines of air and light, injustice must be exposed, with all the tension its exposure creates, to the light of human conscience and the air of national opinion before it can be cured.
In your statement you assert that our actions, even though peaceful, must be condemned because they precipitate violence. But is this a logical assertion? Isn't this like condemning a robbed man because his possession of money precipitated the evil act of robbery? Isn't this like condemning Socrates because his unswerving commitment to truth and his philosophical inquiries precipitated the act by the misguided populace in which they made him drink hemlock? Isn't this like condemning Jesus because his unique God consciousness and never ceasing devotion to God's will precipitated the evil act of crucifixion? We must come to see that, as the federal courts have consistently affirmed, it is wrong to urge an individual to cease his efforts to gain his basic constitutional rights because the quest may precipitate violence. Society must protect the robbed and punish the robber. I had also hoped that the white moderate would reject the myth concerning time in relation to the struggle for freedom. I have just received a letter from a white brother in Texas. He writes: "All Christians know that the colored people will receive equal rights eventually, but it is possible that you are in too great a religious hurry. It has taken Christianity almost two thousand years to accomplish what it has. The teachings of Christ take time to come to earth." Such an attitude stems from a tragic misconception of time, from the strangely irrational notion that there is something in the very flow of time that will inevitably cure all ills. Actually, time itself is neutral; it can be used either destructively or constructively. More and more I feel that the people of ill will have used time much more effectively than have the people of good will. We will have to repent in this generation not merely for the hateful words and actions of the bad people but for the appalling silence of the good people. Human progress never rolls in on wheels of inevitability; it comes through the tireless efforts of men willing to be co workers with God, and without this hard work, time itself becomes an ally of the forces of social stagnation. We must use time creatively, in the knowledge that the time is always ripe to do right. Now is the time to make real the promise of democracy and transform our pending national elegy into a creative psalm of brotherhood. Now is the time to lift our national policy from the quicksand of racial injustice to the solid rock of human dignity.
You speak of our activity in Birmingham as extreme. At first I was rather disappointed that fellow clergymen would see my nonviolent efforts as those of an extremist. I began thinking about the fact that I stand in the middle of two opposing forces in the Negro community. One is a force of complacency, made up in part of Negroes who, as a result of long years of oppression, are so drained of self respect and a sense of "somebodiness" that they have adjusted to segregation; and in part of a few middle-class Negroes who, because of a degree of academic and economic security and because in some ways they profit by segregation, have become insensitive to the problems of the masses. The other force is one of bitterness and hatred, and it comes perilously close to advocating violence. It is expressed in the various black nationalist groups that are springing up across the nation, the largest and best known being Elijah Muhammad's Muslim movement. Nourished by the Negro's frustration over the continued existence of racial discrimination, this movement is made up of people who have lost faith in America, who have absolutely repudiated Christianity, and who have concluded that the white man is an incorrigible "devil."
I have tried to stand between these two forces, saying that we need emulate neither the "do nothingism" of the complacent nor the hatred and despair of the black nationalist. For there is the more excellent way of love and nonviolent protest. I am grateful to God that, through the influence of the Negro church, the way of nonviolence became an integral part of our struggle. If this philosophy had not emerged, by now many streets of the South would, I am convinced, be flowing with blood. And I am further convinced that if our white brothers dismiss as "rabble rousers" and "outside agitators" those of us who employ nonviolent direct action, and if they refuse to support our nonviolent efforts, millions of Negroes will, out of frustration and despair, seek solace and security in black nationalist ideologies--a development that would inevitably lead to a frightening racial nightmare.
Oppressed people cannot remain oppressed forever. The yearning for freedom eventually manifests itself, and that is what has happened to the American Negro. Something within has reminded him of his birthright of freedom, and something without has reminded him that it can be gained. Consciously or unconsciously, he has been caught up by the Zeitgeist, and with his black brothers of Africa and his brown and yellow brothers of Asia, South America and the Caribbean, the United States Negro is moving with a sense of great urgency toward the promised land of racial justice. If one recognizes this vital urge that has engulfed the Negro community, one should readily understand why public demonstrations are taking place. The Negro has many pent up resentments and latent frustrations, and he must release them. So let him march; let him make prayer pilgrimages to the city hall; let him go on freedom rides -and try to understand why he must do so. If his repressed emotions are not released in nonviolent ways, they will seek expression through violence; this is not a threat but a fact of history. So I have not said to my people: "Get rid of your discontent." Rather, I have tried to say that this normal and healthy discontent can be channeled into the creative outlet of nonviolent direct action. And now this approach is being termed extremist. But though I was initially disappointed at being categorized as an extremist, as I continued to think about the matter I gradually gained a measure of satisfaction from the label. Was not Jesus an extremist for love: "Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you." Was not Amos an extremist for justice: "Let justice roll down like waters and righteousness like an ever flowing stream." Was not Paul an extremist for the Christian gospel: "I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus." Was not Martin Luther an extremist: "Here I stand; I cannot do otherwise, so help me God." And John Bunyan: "I will stay in jail to the end of my days before I make a butchery of my conscience." And Abraham Lincoln: "This nation cannot survive half slave and half free." And Thomas Jefferson: "We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal . . ." So the question is not whether we will be extremists, but what kind of extremists we will be. Will we be extremists for hate or for love? Will we be extremists for the preservation of injustice or for the extension of justice? In that dramatic scene on Calvary's hill three men were crucified. We must never forget that all three were crucified for the same crime--the crime of extremism. Two were extremists for immorality, and thus fell below their environment. The other, Jesus Christ, was an extremist for love, truth and goodness, and thereby rose above his environment. Perhaps the South, the nation and the world are in dire need of creative extremists.
I had hoped that the white moderate would see this need. Perhaps I was too optimistic; perhaps I expected too much. I suppose I should have realized that few members of the oppressor race can understand the deep groans and passionate yearnings of the oppressed race, and still fewer have the vision to see that injustice must be rooted out by strong, persistent and determined action. I am thankful, however, that some of our white brothers in the South have grasped the meaning of this social revolution and committed themselves to it. They are still all too few in quantity, but they are big in quality. Some -such as Ralph McGill, Lillian Smith, Harry Golden, James McBride Dabbs, Ann Braden and Sarah Patton Boyle--have written about our struggle in eloquent and prophetic terms. Others have marched with us down nameless streets of the South. They have languished in filthy, roach infested jails, suffering the abuse and brutality of policemen who view them as "dirty nigger-lovers." Unlike so many of their moderate brothers and sisters, they have recognized the urgency of the moment and sensed the need for powerful "action" antidotes to combat the disease of segregation. Let me take note of my other major disappointment. I have been so greatly disappointed with the white church and its leadership. Of course, there are some notable exceptions. I am not unmindful of the fact that each of you has taken some significant stands on this issue. I commend you, Reverend Stallings, for your Christian stand on this past Sunday, in welcoming Negroes to your worship service on a nonsegregated basis. I commend the Catholic leaders of this state for integrating Spring Hill College several years ago.
But despite these notable exceptions, I must honestly reiterate that I have been disappointed with the church. I do not say this as one of those negative critics who can always find something wrong with the church. I say this as a minister of the gospel, who loves the church; who was nurtured in its bosom; who has been sustained by its spiritual blessings and who will remain true to it as long as the cord of life shall lengthen.
When I was suddenly catapulted into the leadership of the bus protest in Montgomery, Alabama, a few years ago, I felt we would be supported by the white church. I felt that the white ministers, priests and rabbis of the South would be among our strongest allies. Instead, some have been outright opponents, refusing to understand the freedom movement and misrepresenting its leaders; all too many others have been more cautious than courageous and have remained silent behind the anesthetizing security of stained glass windows.
In spite of my shattered dreams, I came to Birmingham with the hope that the white religious leadership of this community would see the justice of our cause and, with deep moral concern, would serve as the channel through which our just grievances could reach the power structure. I had hoped that each of you would understand. But again I have been disappointed.
I have heard numerous southern religious leaders admonish their worshipers to comply with a desegregation decision because it is the law, but I have longed to hear white ministers declare: "Follow this decree because integration is morally right and because the Negro is your brother." In the midst of blatant injustices inflicted upon the Negro, I have watched white churchmen stand on the sideline and mouth pious irrelevancies and sanctimonious trivialities. In the midst of a mighty struggle to rid our nation of racial and economic injustice, I have heard many ministers say: "Those are social issues, with which the gospel has no real concern." And I have watched many churches commit themselves to a completely other worldly religion which makes a strange, un-Biblical distinction between body and soul, between the sacred and the secular.
I have traveled the length and breadth of Alabama, Mississippi and all the other southern states. On sweltering summer days and crisp autumn mornings I have looked at the South's beautiful churches with their lofty spires pointing heavenward. I have beheld the impressive outlines of her massive religious education buildings. Over and over I have found myself asking: "What kind of people worship here? Who is their God? Where were their voices when the lips of Governor Barnett dripped with words of interposition and nullification? Where were they when Governor Wallace gave a clarion call for defiance and hatred? Where were their voices of support when bruised and weary Negro men and women decided to rise from the dark dungeons of complacency to the bright hills of creative protest?"
Yes, these questions are still in my mind. In deep disappointment I have wept over the laxity of the church. But be assured that my tears have been tears of love. There can be no deep disappointment where there is not deep love. Yes, I love the church. How could I do otherwise? I am in the rather unique position of being the son, the grandson and the great grandson of preachers. Yes, I see the church as the body of Christ. But, oh! How we have blemished and scarred that body through social neglect and through fear of being nonconformists.
There was a time when the church was very powerful--in the time when the early Christians rejoiced at being deemed worthy to suffer for what they believed. In those days the church was not merely a thermometer that recorded the ideas and principles of popular opinion; it was a thermostat that transformed the mores of society. Whenever the early Christians entered a town, the people in power became disturbed and immediately sought to convict the Christians for being "disturbers of the peace" and "outside agitators."' But the Christians pressed on, in the conviction that they were "a colony of heaven," called to obey God rather than man. Small in number, they were big in commitment. They were too God-intoxicated to be "astronomically intimidated." By their effort and example they brought an end to such ancient evils as infanticide and gladiatorial contests. Things are different now. So often the contemporary church is a weak, ineffectual voice with an uncertain sound. So often it is an archdefender of the status quo. Far from being disturbed by the presence of the church, the power structure of the average community is consoled by the church's silent--and often even vocal--sanction of things as they are.
But the judgment of God is upon the church as never before. If today's church does not recapture the sacrificial spirit of the early church, it will lose its authenticity, forfeit the loyalty of millions, and be dismissed as an irrelevant social club with no meaning for the twentieth century. Every day I meet young people whose disappointment with the church has turned into outright disgust.
Perhaps I have once again been too optimistic. Is organized religion too inextricably bound to the status quo to save our nation and the world? Perhaps I must turn my faith to the inner spiritual church, the church within the church, as the true ekklesia and the hope of the world. But again I am thankful to God that some noble souls from the ranks of organized religion have broken loose from the paralyzing chains of conformity and joined us as active partners in the struggle for freedom. They have left their secure congregations and walked the streets of Albany, Georgia, with us. They have gone down the highways of the South on tortuous rides for freedom. Yes, they have gone to jail with us. Some have been dismissed from their churches, have lost the support of their bishops and fellow ministers. But they have acted in the faith that right defeated is stronger than evil triumphant. Their witness has been the spiritual salt that has preserved the true meaning of the gospel in these troubled times. They have carved a tunnel of hope through the dark mountain of disappointment. I hope the church as a whole will meet the challenge of this decisive hour. But even if the church does not come to the aid of justice, I have no despair about the future. I have no fear about the outcome of our struggle in Birmingham, even if our motives are at present misunderstood. We will reach the goal of freedom in Birmingham and all over the nation, because the goal of America is freedom. Abused and scorned though we may be, our destiny is tied up with America's destiny. Before the pilgrims landed at Plymouth, we were here. Before the pen of Jefferson etched the majestic words of the Declaration of Independence across the pages of history, we were here. For more than two centuries our forebears labored in this country without wages; they made cotton king; they built the homes of their masters while suffering gross injustice and shameful humiliation -and yet out of a bottomless vitality they continued to thrive and develop. If the inexpressible cruelties of slavery could not stop us, the opposition we now face will surely fail. We will win our freedom because the sacred heritage of our nation and the eternal will of God are embodied in our echoing demands. Before closing I feel impelled to mention one other point in your statement that has troubled me profoundly. You warmly commended the Birmingham police force for keeping "order" and "preventing violence." I doubt that you would have so warmly commended the police force if you had seen its dogs sinking their teeth into unarmed, nonviolent Negroes. I doubt that you would so quickly commend the policemen if you were to observe their ugly and inhumane treatment of Negroes here in the city jail; if you were to watch them push and curse old Negro women and young Negro girls; if you were to see them slap and kick old Negro men and young boys; if you were to observe them, as they did on two occasions, refuse to give us food because we wanted to sing our grace together. I cannot join you in your praise of the Birmingham police department.
It is true that the police have exercised a degree of discipline in handling the demonstrators. In this sense they have conducted themselves rather "nonviolently" in public. But for what purpose? To preserve the evil system of segregation. Over the past few years I have consistently preached that nonviolence demands that the means we use must be as pure as the ends we seek. I have tried to make clear that it is wrong to use immoral means to attain moral ends. But now I must affirm that it is just as wrong, or perhaps even more so, to use moral means to preserve immoral ends. Perhaps Mr. Connor and his policemen have been rather nonviolent in public, as was Chief Pritchett in Albany, Georgia, but they have used the moral means of nonviolence to maintain the immoral end of racial injustice. As T. S. Eliot has said: "The last temptation is the greatest treason: To do the right deed for the wrong reason."
submitted by cstar1996 to moderatepolitics [link] [comments]

Conference changes for 2020–21

It's July 1st, and you know what that means: time for the annual conference changes list! Thanks to Sir_Superman for letting me take over this year, and for helping fill in some things I missed.
Schools with football (including those adding or dropping it) are in bold. Note that I'm not including schools that have canceled football or other fall sports for 2020, since those presumably are temporary changes.

Division I

Seven schools are in the process of reclassifying to Division I. Their projected completion dates (after which they become eligible for the postseason) are as follows:
Future changes: Bethune–Cookman and Florida A&M from MEAC to SWAC; North Carolina A&T from MEAC to Big South. St. Thomas (MN) is applying for a waiver to reclassify from Division III to Division I beginning in 2021; if this is accepted, UST will join the Summit League, but no football destination has been announced.

Division II

Six schools are in the process of joining Division II. Their projected completion dates (after which they become eligible for the postseason) are as follows:
Future changes: Anderson (SC) adding football (2024; South Atlantic); Ashland from GLIAC to GMAC (2021); Converse adding men’s sports (2021; Conference Carolinas); Francis Marion and UNC Pembroke from Peach Belt to Conference Carolinas (2021; UNCP football unaffected).

Division III

Several schools are in the process of joining Division III. Beginning with this year's entrants, the provisional membership process lasts only three years instead of four. However, under the old system it has been common for schools to obtain a waiver to skip a year (usually the third year). Because of that, these projected completion dates are tentative:
Manor is beginning an exploratory year and likely to enter provisional membership next year.
Future changes: Iowa Wesleyan from SLIAC (UMAC football) to NAIA (2021); Louisiana College from ASC to NAIA (2021); Macalester football from MWC to MIAC (2021); Mary Baldwin adding men’s sports (2021; USA South); Pine Manor is absorbed Boston College and drops sports (2021); St. Mary's (MD) from CAC to NEAC (2021); St. Norbert from MWC to NACC (2021); St. Scholastica from UMAC to MIAC (2021); St. Thomas (MN)from MIAC to likely Division I (2021); Southern Virginia from CAC (ODAC football) to USA South (2021).


Future changes: Columbia (SC) adds men’s sports (2021); Iowa Wesleyan joins from D3 (no conference affiliation announced); Johnson & Wales (FL) closes (2021; currently in Sun Conference); Louisiana College joins from D3 (will likely join SSAC with football in the Sooner); Mount Marty adds football (2022; GPAC).

Other notes

submitted by Inkblot9 to CFB [link] [comments]

Frontend Web Developer Roadmap: Everything you need to know to get started

If you're feeling lazy and would prefer to watch a full video summary, one is available here. Let me know if you have any feedback!
What is frontend web development?
It is using code to create the visual part of a website. The content, the colours and positioning, as well as the logic that is on a page, such as submitting a form. That's frontend. The other part is 'backend', which is everything related to the database and network; the non-visual things that are going on behind the scene.

Different routes to learn web development
CS Degree: The first is a degree, through either a university or college. This offers strong foundational knowledge in computer science, which can be very helpful, especially in certain areas of programming. However in my experience, this understanding of computer science is not necessary in order to get your first web development job and you can learn all of the theory and nitty gritty details of computers while on the job. Additionally, getting a degree is also a very long process, so 3-4 years, it's also extremely expensive - and the majority of it won't be focused on web development.
Bootcamp: Next -3-4 month coding bootcamps (offers good structure and forces you to be fully immersed, but expensive and must be full-time)
Self-taught: Finally -Self taught. What the focus of this guide is. This route offers a flexible schedule and inexpensive, and as long as you have the right set of online courses and curriculum set up for you, I believe it is the best option. Getting your first web development job is not about what certificate or degree you have. In most cases, it is a meritocracy - that is, if you have the skills to do the job, you can get the job.

How long does it take to be job ready? 4-12 months.
Outline a timeframe which you are able to dedicate towards learning web development(3, 6 or 12 months) and create a schedule around it. This way you can track your progress and hold yourself accountable if you set a specific date to, such as finishing a specific course or start apply to jobs. Whether it is 3 or 12 months, the only thing that changes is how much time per week you are able to dedicate towards learning this craft. If it is 3 months, you'll need to be working 12+ hours per day, and for 12 months, maybe 2 hours per day. The key is coding daily, so you can immerse yourself.
It's also important to stick to one programming language, based on the job you're wanting to get. Don't get distracted by other languages. They're fantastic, but your focus needs to be on the core frontend stack. You don't want to be a Jack of all trades, but master of none. You need to get vertical proficiency, not horizontal - and you get that by practicing that one thing, daily.
What do you need to learn?
HTML (the content - the text, images, links), CSS(the styling - colors, positioning and responsiveness), and JavaScript(the logic for your website, when you click a submit button - what happens?). Once you have learned those three and have a strong foundation in JavaScript, then you'll be at a crossroads; React, Angular or Vue. These are JavaScript libraries and frameworks, which act as wrappers around vanilla JavaScript, giving you additional functionality that would take longer to code otherwise. It is important that the first thing you do before getting too deep into one of these, is to look on job websites (LinkedIn, Glassdoor or Indeed) and ensure that there are a lot of jobs for all of these in your area. Search for titles including "frontend developer and frontend engineer", as well as the words 'Angular, Vue and React' and see how many listings there are. If there is more of one of these technologies in your area, it may be better to learn that one. You'll likely find many of each. Personally I would recommend React as it is easier to learn than a full framework and there are usually a ton of jobs out there for it.
As a bonus, I would recommend looking into TypeScript and Redux. In JavaScript, you don't have to say that variable x is a number. It will infer that x = 5 is a number type. This however can sometimes lead to hard to catch bugs. TypeScript is still JavaScript, but it allows you to add strong typing to your application, where you define that variable x will be a number.
Redux is a state management library. Angular, React and Vue all have their own variations of Redux. When your application gets bigger and there are lots of different parts with their own data, Redux acts as a centralized memory for all of your different UI components to read from. It acts as a single source of truth so that everything stays organized.
Also need to be familiar with the version control technology Git (allowing you to 'save' your app at a specific point, roll back to it if necessary, and share the code online to others using Github or Bitbucket).
May also be helpful to know the basics of SASS (CSS wrapper, giving you more utility. It is still CSS, but just some extra tools which can be huge time savers). Along the way, you'll also need to learn basic terminal commands, using NPM packages and the build tool Webpack. You should also be familiar with the basics of Agile methodologies, which is a management style that a lot of development teams work in. If you're familiar with the very basics, then it will be an easier transition for you to join a dev team, and hiring managers will know that as well.
Learning resources
So, what resources can you use to learn all of this? I found that between YouTube and Udemy, you can learn everything required. I am going to leave a list down below with a list of Udemy courses you can pick up for $15 (when on sale). Each course is about 20-30 hours and it will teach you the required fundamentals. I'm not affiliated with these courses and make no money on it. I simply know the instructors are excellent and am sure they are high quality courses.

Once you've completed a these courses and have built a few projects
After that, it is all about getting your first job. I am going to create posts (and videos) on each of these points, because they deserve a post of their own.
In short, you'll need to have a great resume which highlights your love for web development, while also emphasizing how all of your previous job experiences has guided you towards this new career path.
Have a GitHub with your own projects on it, as well as some of the work you've done while learning along the way. Build out a portfolio website which highlights the projects you've build and the skills you have. You can host your portfolio and projects for free on GitHub Pages.
Consider doing 1 or 2 freelance jobs(even if it is just for friends or family), where you're working with a real client, with a real deadline. This will be good practice for you, and will show your future employer that someone has already trusted you, and that you delivered.
Familiarize yourself with LinkedIn, Indeed and Glassdoor - and start applying for 3-5 jobs per day. I did this for an entire month, had a few interviews and then landed my first job. It can take a few weeks, or a few months - eventually you will get your first opportunity. Getting your first job is the most difficult. Once you have worked somewhere and have some experience, finding your next job will be a lot easier.

On a final note, learning code is not easy. There will be roadblocks and it can be a difficult grind at times. Remember that the path you are on now is worth it and can get you to the place in your life where you really want to be, whether that is career satisfaction, ability to work from anywhere in the world, or financial freedom.
Thank you for your time! Consider checking out my YouTube channel, as I'm posting weekly now with videos specifically for frontend developers who are just starting out. Available here.
submitted by ProgrammingWithPax to learnprogramming [link] [comments]

Ivy League psychiatrist says crafty demons evade hard evidence of demonic possession.

There's this psychiatrist who claims to have witnessed hundreds of exorcisms.
submitted by battle-obsessed to atheism [link] [comments]

Thoughts on Med School Associated PA Schools: Are they better than other schools?

I'm wondering if there is a difference in quality between PA schools that are associated with med schools compared to one's that aren't. My current thoughts are that PANCE pass rates and ARC-PA accreditation should be a bit more important, but I'm not sure. I just want some thoughts from other people.
submitted by Redsandsmilitia to prephysicianassistant [link] [comments]

Med School: Why and why not Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health (ASMPH) — an honest review

Hi! I have been sneaking around Reddit and Twitter for a few days now, and most threads that I saw are queries about comparing ASMPH to other med schools and seeing which one is “better”. In my personal and humble opinion, I would like to believe that there is no “best med school”; rather, I’d like to think that there is a “best med school for you”. This means that each medical school does things in very different and distinct ways, and it might be up to you if these distinctions or how they run the school would be preferential to you.
So in light of this, I’d like to share the pros and cons of what it means to be an ASMPH student. Just to be clear: 1) I am an ASMPH graduate and a medical doctor, 2) I think fondly of my time in school, 3) I am not paid to promote ASMPH in any way, and 4) there are some things in the school that I do not like (compared at least to the other posts that I saw which zealously ”defend” the school lol). I will be brutally honest and sincere about my review, so my advance apologies to readers who will find some comments “radical”. I made this thread with my own efforts to dispel (more of KILL) misperceptions hounding my school for a long time: “being babied”, “spoiled”, ”hindi naman magaling sa clinicals”, and etc.
To clarify, I am using my own experiences from my time as a student, and as this thread will age, some of the things written here might not be true anymore the older this gets (hence, future ASMPH students are welcome to contribute their experiences by commenting below!).


Strong helping culture
Traditionally, medical schools emphasize the virtues of “excellence” that got misinterpreted (by some weird reason) into the lines of the Machiavellian principle: “Only the strongest will survive”. Hence, you may hear the usual med school horror stories of “fierce competition”, ”I will fail you all”, and “do it all by yourself”. I am glad that I have not encountered these horrors, because the school has designed a system which cultivates helping each other thrive. There is the mentorship program, in which doctor-mentors help students identify their strengths and weaknesses in their medical training, and work on it. The “Pugad Agila” organization is there to support not just the board takers who are preparing for their board exams, but the students themselves in preparing for major examinations. Believe it or not, people in the school are seemingly ”transformed” to help one another: in my time, all the med students who are PTs (physical therapists) made extra review classes for Anatomy, the nurses bonded together to create mini modules for Physical Exam, the Med techs will teach extra classes of Pathology and Microbiology, and the RPharma will give classes of Pharmacology to students for free. The ones which had rigorous backgrounds of Epidemiology will offer classes to students who are not exposed to the Public Health Sciences concepts. Even the registered (bio)chemists will lecture Biochem and try as best as they can to make the concepts more understandable and student-friendly! The older generations of ASMPH students also generously would “pass on” their lecture transcripts of years’ worth of lectures to the new generations of students who will come in, and no one is spared from this generosity (compared to other med schools which are preferential, let us say, to their frat or sorority members). This culture of helping each other out regardless of anything and everything, I think, is the greatest pro that ASMPH has to offer, and I think that so far, no other med school has emphasized this as their core strength (others would emphasize a “long tradition of excellence”, “reputation”, etc). I strongly think that this culture of helping, togetherness, and unity is what is needed in our health organizations especially in the Philippines, which by far are obviously swamped by partisan politicking, “power-tripping”, and blame-throwing — a culture which MIGHT have origins from the subcultures cultivated in traditional med schools.
I also have to add here that some students who do not perform well/score low in examinations are treated not with rejection (compared I think to other med schools who are more than happy to kick out underperforming students), but with extra support from the admin and the student body. The school recognizes the value of its students and not just based on their performance or grades alone. Review classes held by better-performing students are held for free in light of removal exam weeks for students who needed them. This however does not mean that the school would deliberately lower its standards by making the exams easier for students to pass. However, the school recognizes that there are many factors that determine a student’s ability to perform well in examinations (e.g. mental health, financial issues, others), and it does try to strive in eliminating negative factors that hinder a student from performing well academically.
Rigorous Academic Curriculum in Basic + Clinical Sciences AND Working Feedback Mechanism
I have to say that the curriculum presented by the school is very rigorous in structure and in application, and it is very flexible and adaptive. Each module has been integrated into Systems, which really facilitates relatively easier learning since you can already apply your concepts from Anatomy to Physiology, or Pharmacology to Pathology (because the subjects are grouped together in a systems fashion). Aside from the weekly major exams (more or less), there are other avenues of learning as well like the Student Group Discussions (SGDs), where students are given a case to analyze and discuss, and the (in)famous Team Based Learning (TBLs), in which the students are given multiple extra readings from various CPGs and resources on top of the lectures, then solve a case right in front of the preceptor and take quizzes. Each subject is taught by different professors who are experts in their own fields, and more often than not, no single professor handles more than one lecture per module, which makes examinations more challenging (since no patterns of how questions are asked and what questions are asked can be established), hence making this a very effective ground of ensuring that the curriculum is rigorous in itself. However, others argue that this might disrupt the flow of repeating information in a spaced out fashion (which is necessary for true retention btw), and perhaps lumping related information into one module will deplete opportunities for certain information to be repeated in shorter periods, making it harder to remember in a long-term manner (ex: lumping Biochem altogether in the first part of First year Med will make it harder for the Atenean Board Taker (5th year Med) to recall Biochem concepts because these are not frequently revisited due to the Modular Set-up).
In the Clinical Sciences (Clerkship and Internship), there were some hits and misses in the training at least in my time. But overall, I think that it was great that we were exposed to both the Private and Public Health institutions, because both function differently. In the private setting, we were able to learn ideal management (since our patients do not have financial constraints) and observe topnotch, highly-respected physicians on how they practice their bedside manners and deal with cases involving with very high profile patients. Contrary to popular belief that students are not allowed to handle patients in private hospital settings, we actually do handle a LOT (the school’s partner hospital hosts the LARGEST amount of patients seen nationwide in the ER setting, private hospital-wise) and do it first-hand (especially in the Emergency Room and in the Internal Medicine Wards). In the public hospital setting, we are also first-line in terms of dealing with patients (e.g. history-taking, clinical skills, IV insertions, Foley insertions, ECG interpretation, delivering babies and suturing perineums). On top of these responsibilities and shadowing physicians, we are required to meet with selected faculty and staff and present case discussions on a regular basis in order to reinforce our learning. The beauty of being exposed on both private and public fields, however, is when you are forced to innovate your knowledge from the private setting and adjust it to the public health management, or when you bring your adeptness in your clinical skills acquired from the public health arena to the private health institution. In a way, both health systems benefit from your respective exposures, and you gain a holistic insight on how to deal with patients ranging from the richest of the rich to the poorest of the poor.
Furthermore, we were tasked to assist our residents and consultants to help in accomplishing numerous paperwork properly (tons and tons of them!), the basic framework and the most important cornerstone of hospital practice, for without it (or it being deficient or substandard), the practice of the consultant, the resident, and subsequently the medical student, will be highly endangered (read: medical lawsuits).
The feedback mechanism, despite it being taxing and hassle for most students, is absolutely necessary for the curriculum to be improved. In my batch at least, we were able to kick out (seriously) profs we felt that were not lecturing well enough, which I think is something that other med schools do not have. We also had our share of bad doctor-profs who just read from their lecture slides and (worse) copy some of their slides from online lectures — but the feedback mechanism successfully weeded them out, which (I hope) encourages most of our profs to make sure that their lectures are good (and worth the tuition we paid).
Insanely supportive Faculty
The core faculty of the school, despite being heavily decorated (eg. presidents of their affiliate specialties, numerous recognitions and awards), are very supportive of the student body, and are OPEN to subjective criticism and feedback, which I think is not that present in other med schools (MDs from other med schools are more than welcome to disagree!). I remember this incident wherein our batch decided to write a letter and express our negative sentiments towards a certain module (will not say what because this will provide a clue to which batch I belong to haha), and instead of venting their ire to the students, they proposed a meeting where we can discuss our grievances and suggestions without any fear of any forms of retaliation. Another incident would be when a classmate of mine proposed a change of dress code for graduation wherein students should be allowed to wear whatever they are comfortable with as long as it is decent (i.e. not limiting women’s clothing to dresses), which was supported by the administration. I have not heard of such degree of freedom in any other med school, which is why I laud our faculty for their efforts to be open and inclusive.


No Labor Payment (at all) regardless of Hospital Setting
Whereas other interns earn (albeit minimally but still) allowances or stipends, ASMPH interns do NOT earn anything despite doing labor-intensive work inside the hospital. The partner institutions tend to justify and rationalize this treatment as “deserving“ for trainees (e.g. not just for medical students but for residents and fellows as well, who receive bare minimal salaries in the private setting) because the skills and clinical acumen that will be gained in training is deemed to be “sufficient compensation”, but I beg to differ and disagree. The amount of time and labor spent by medical trainees (regardless of being a medical student or a fellow) inside the hospital SHOULD be reflective on the amount of compensation (or hazard pay) that the hospital administration should give, since it is but fair and just labor. I would argue that hospitals, especially ASMPH’s partner institution, The Medical City (TMC), have the capacity to subsidize its trainees well because a) most of them are tertiary, profitable, top-earning hospitals in the country, b) Medical trainees run the hospital and make it alive, sacrificing more and doing more than the consultants, wherein some (not all, to be fair) usually just claim their slice of the pie, and c) Medical trainees are solely responsible for managing health data of all patients, which should ideally be managed by everyone involved in the set-up. To add salt to these wounds, an intern (medical trainee) from a hospital abroad who does only 8 hour shifts earns at least $170 (est PhP 8,000) PER DAY (source: compared to an ASMPH intern who earns NOTHING in 24 hour shifts, and subsequently compared to an average Philippine Medical Intern who earns PhP 5,000 - 7,000 allowance PER MONTH. Older MDs would dismiss this and might call this as “demanding” and “typical of millenial mentality”; I would call this as it is and would like to request for some form of justice. Most hospital administrators, or I daresay the investors of healthcare system who are mostly businessmen and are non healthcare professionals, are more than willing to opportunistically abuse the willingness of medical trainees (not just doctors, but nurses, midwives, etc.) to improve their training with minimal or no compensation, because this is what is tagged as “most profitable” or “minimal cost” for most companies in a business perspective. Others would argue that ”the time of the young doctors to earn and reap their rewards will come when they become consultants”, but I will ask: what if that time will never come? I think of all the medical trainees who valiantly suffered and died in the battlefield because of COVID-19 — their supposed promised reaping of reward, even hazard pay, never came.
However, I would like to point out that this issue does not concern ASMPH solely, but involves the partner institutions in which it is affiliated. Furthermore, this problem of labor exploitation is not exclusive to ASMPH’s partner institution (although I would argue that we feel it more since we technically receive nothing — MDs from St. Luke’s please help me out), but rampant in hospitals that belong to the Philippine Health Care system in general.
Note: I would have inserted exorbitant tuition fees here, but it would not have contributed that much significantly to the discussion since all non-state sponsored medical schools have more or less the same tuition fees. The only difference is that ASMPH still pays tuition during its Internship year (along with St. Luke’s), partly because of the Professors that still give lectures and examine case presentations, and for the Boards Review (hence the reason why Ateneans have their own exclusive section for the PLE Boards Review Season — which is honestly a big, big Pro)
MBA: Friend or Foe?
Most students from other universities would comment that the MBA component was added in the spirit of “profitability” and learning more refined ways on how to earn more — and was tagged and branded as counterintuitive to the nobility that a medical doctor is supposed to possess (I am looking at you, selected students from UP 🙃). However, I would like to clarify that the MBA was crafted in order for us future physicians to be adept in managing health systems and organizations, which would undeniably involve financial management (eg. how would you manage a hospital’s finances and allot budget to medical equipment?), strategic management (eg. given the COVID-19 situation, how will your outpatient clinic sustain operations in the next 5 months?), and marketing management (eg. given that everyone is scared to go outside their homes, how would you market your hospital to be safe from COVID-19?). In an ideal set-up, these concepts and exercises should guide the med student thoroughly on how to apply all of these in the medical setting.
The main con of the MBA program is that most of its professors (except for maybe two, because both are physicians and MBA holders) and subsequently, their classes, lack exposure in the Medical setting (i.e. Hospital Administration, OPD management, and Public Health Systems Management), and more often than not, most examples that they could provide involve fields other than medicine (eg. banking, economics, construction, advertising). I see this as a con mainly because despite having benefits of seeing how management works on a different lens (hence making you more interdisciplinary in a way), I think that practicing these concepts in the medical field at least in the classroom setting and learning these from someone who is equally adept in both medicine and management would enrich the knowledge and appreciation of how intertwined both of these fields are as a holder of a dual MD-MBA degree, and not a haphazardly constructed, disjointed one. Furthermore, there are concepts in MBA which makes sense in a corporate setting but might be unethical or unacceptable in the realm of Health (eg. sacrificing quality of health care access for patients in order to invest less assets and accumulate more profit). Therefore, it would be up to the student to apply these concepts on his/her own. Thankfully, students may have the opportunity to apply all of these concepts and skills once they make their Final Strategic Management Thesis Paper, because you may opt to select any field you like to study on. In my case, I was lucky to have gotten a hospital as my focus-subject, therefore I managed to learn about Hospital systems and management on top of the MBA concepts that I learned. Hopefully, with new batches of MD-MBAs that are being produced, this con could be changed by the school in due time.
A definite con during my time (which was thankfully changed, thanks to feedback!) was having MBA classes despite being from hospital duty (which meant no sleep but we still had to endure classes) — that was one of the most unproductive classes of my life and I never wanted to go through any of that ever again (I still passed the subject, but I really never gauged if I learned well).
Public Health: Lacking or Sufficient?
This section might be of great concern to those who are looking forward to exploring ASMPH as an arena for expanding their Public Health skills (hello, Health Sci majors!). At this point, I need to disclose that I was a Health Sciences Major myself who had a decent fluency in Public Health (Basic Epidemiology and Global Health) prior to entering ASMPH, and I know some classmates of mine back in college (especially those who took Health and Developmental Studies) who looked forward in going to ASMPH for more advanced public health courses, only to find themselves disappointed as they went through the curriculum. Some of them eventually quit and went on to pursue Masters in Epidemiology or in Global Health elsewhere. Hence, some students in undergrad might hear swirling hearsay that ASMPH ”lacks the Public Health component or aspect”. This is perhaps mainly due to the fact that most of the lessons and discourse on Public Health in ASMPH, at least when I experienced it, were quite on the basic level — a reiteration of the courses we already went through in college as HSc majors. To be fair to the school, these kinds of discourse and topics are not experienced or tackled by people with other Bachelor degrees (eg. BS Psychology, BS Biology, etc.), and hence a repeat of these courses in Med school is deemed necessary to even out the disparity of knowledge among its students. But it would be safe to say that as of this writing (since no announcements have been made yet anyway), ASMPH does NOT offer courses that cater to advanced branches of Public Health such as Advanced Epidemiology (which would involve crazy mathematics such as those being used in monitoring the COVID-19 pandemic), Global Health Surveillance, Global Health Politics, and etc. A query was made about this (hence an open forum), and the reason why this happened is because the school does not have the faculty or the experts to teach the said subjects (so far).
However, this does NOT mean that ASMPH discounts Public Health. The school’s curriculum still satisfies the minimum requirements of what a medical doctor needs to know regarding Public Health (eg. Basic Epidemiology and Statistics, Health Awareness and Communication), and the main thesis paper of ASMPH students during their second and third year has Public Health in its core. The school also established the ASMPH Public Health Council, which is an org that engages Public Health discourse in the school and invites lecturers and key experts to discuss socially relevant Public Health issues. The CEIP program, which is a specialized program designed for medical students interested in managing health in a community setting, was established in hopes of strengthening the Public Health core of the school. However, the need (or should I say, demand) for advanced branches of Public Health subjects still remains, and this is something that the school needs to work on.
So to sum it all up, ASMPH is more or less a good medical school with supportive admin and staff, ”No Atenean Left Behind” culture and conducive learning environment, and a rigorous training program for future medical doctors. Despite its non-compensatory internship and partly context-devoid and disjointed MD-MBA curriculum, its openness for improvement thanks to its working feedback mechanism and its ability to provide a holistic overview of private and public health sectors would definitely give a nice edge to its students and to the future batches of Atenean doctors to come.
With that, A M D G *mic drop\*
P.S. Comments, discussions, and queries are welcome in the Comments Section below. :)
submitted by B9C2AF25DD to ADMU [link] [comments]

Build to learn - tame your shiny object syndrome.

It sounds simple, yet, it's challenging.
"Build to learn."
It's a fantastic tool for chaotic minds.
A way to benefit from your shortcomings.
If you ever fell for the shiny object syndrome (chasing new cool thing, instead of focusing on the present project), then this is for you!
And the best part - you can turn it to your advantage!
Turn it to build momentum, to become a better, wiser, fuller person.

When you fell for the shiny, new, better idea, you could've gone through the guilt and growing anxiety for not finishing things.
For some of us, this could end up in depression oand quitting the whole "maker" realm.
In this post, I will provide you a valid solution to make the most out of the shiny object syndrome. If you have it, at least you can get something positive out of it.
The method, disguised under many names, sometimes called "build to learn," "build to fail," "ship to learn," is meant to make the most of your nature of jumping between the projects.
It's also a way for you to grow as a builder and founder.

I first started flirting with the idea independently - then, I found out that there is a micro-movement of sorts doing the same.
Two main places are hubs for this, New York and Silicon Valley. Only there you could try to hack success and look for possible anomalies to benefit from, and still get support from your social circles!
It's evident that financial capital (New York) is much less flexible about it (cross the border and you are gone) than Silicon Valley (cross the border, let's hire him, he might know something we don't).
And then, culture and social conveniences are limiting this movement elsewhere, causing people to quit.
Sadly - if you are from outside of those areas - how can you explain to people around that success is not your goal, and failure is acceptable?
It's easy to treat people trying this method like fakes or daydreamers.
When you go to college and spend 3-5 years learning, then you are a smart person.
If you do the same, but in real life, you might be seen as an outsider.

Let's get to the point, though!
The idea is quite simple but might be tricky to pull it off.
It's based on you abandoning the goal of achieving success while focusing on educational aspects.
To create projects that you will stretch and experiment to gain knowledge with a slight chance of success.
So next time you see great opportunity, instead of wondering how you can ride it to the top, wonder what you can get out of it short term.
Will it give you more knowledge?
If so, then how?
Is it worth "educational" wise?
Will you learn new tech/marketing/business knowledge that would be difficult to obtain otherwise?

The worst part of working on a project and then quitting it is to get nothing from it.
Sure, we can read a lot of post-mortems, but many say the same things. They ignore the whole process and often end up in a cliche, like "a startup doing exactly this opened at the same time."
And how can you learn from reading the same things over and over?
Going through the process while closely observing everything that happens is key to extensive experience.
Practical knowledge always beats the theoretical.

"Build to learn" is about being practical - using theory as a ground, and then build using practical knowledge.
But instead of building a castle, or a palace, we create a set of small constructions first to learn the basics.
Once we can handle the basics, we move to more advanced stuff.
Sooner or later, we will be building the mentioned castles!
If you think you might end up building dozens of projects in search of your success story, you might accept that instead of lying to yourself, and get the most of it.
There is nothing worst than wasting your talents on something meaningful.
Try to push forward; you might finally realize what your real goal is. What's behind your deepest intentions.

"Build to learn" is meant to fuel your creativity, not to kill it.
The first step of it is to put a clear goal:
"I build this to learn."
Assume that trophies and achievements are secondary goals.
After all, every major player like Mark Zuckerberg, Steve Jobs, or Richard Branson started with small projects (sometimes failing), then used the knowledge to build something big!

Force yourself to break your ego-infused box and look outside of it, to see what are real reasons for you to fail. Learn and keep trying to understand the events happening around you.
You might find out the shortcomings that were unnoticeable!

With this reasoning, don't be afraid to keep trying (as long as you won't bet everything on it). Fail, embrace the knowledge you get from it, grow your own self, and be a better person.
Don't fall in the trap of glorifying the failures though - praise the experience instead.
Don't build another shiny project to be the next unicorn company. When you are ready to make the next big thing, you'll know it (and feel it). There will be no guessing, no wondering (at least in the way you see now). There will be calculation and logic behind it.

"Experience is simply the name we give our mistakes." - Oscar Wilde.

World culture is critical of repeatable failure, even for a good cause.
Fail once - at least you tried, fail twice - you are a fool.
The social pressure is probably the most challenging part of this method.
If success (or at least how people perceive success) is not achieved, you will be labeled as an outsider or even a loser.
Missing a common goal (becoming wealthy) is perceived as an overall failure.
You cannot really translate the perception of failure to make it look normal.
You risk getting your close ones to be skeptical and even cynical of your journey. In extreme cases, I know situations where close circles would turn aggressive against the "rule breaker."
The more "failures" you "achieve," the more negative the overall attitude of the society around you will be.
It's not an easy road, but it's fruitful, to say the least.
You can achieve a level of understanding, where you will see ALL the mechanics behind the money-making machinery.

There are some risks when doing this method (as with everything).
Do it for not long enough, and you can get overconfident and biased.
Do it for longer than you should, and you will need months to get out from the trap of setting yourself impossible challenges.
Out of around dozens of people following this method (that I knew directly that is, I assume there are thousands globally), only a few completed it.
Some of them quit due to social pressure (even from their partners). They still got something out of it, and all but one run a small business now (they are unable to scale/grow though).
The rest created profitable companies, often one of the key players in their industry.
From the original group, I was the one that took the longest to complete the road. This is because of the opportunity given to me. My partner was studying, so I did not need to focus on sorting our life as of yet. And I felt that I needed to learn more (programming, viral growth) and to make sure that my ego is under control. I needed more time because my whole life was bumpy, and I thought that some scars could affect my business sense.
I did miss a deadline, though, where I could complete this process without the substantial side-effects.
I knew from conversations with others that by doing this method for too long, you would need to unwind. I thought it would take 2-3 months, but I am in my 9th month, and I feel that I need 2-3 more. Don't get me wrong, I still make money online, but focusing on a small project that's growing slowly is critical to prepare myself mentally for starting massive projects.
I am working on Almost Cake, which quickly turned into my full-time job.
Almost Cake is a reanimation of one of my old build-to-learn projects that performed well. This is another excellent part of this method - you have a set of field-tested projects, where some might prove to be moneymakers when you decide to come back to them.

It took me a few years, and over 30 projects completed to get where I am now, but as said, I did the extreme version of it.
One of the guys that now run a massive operation did 4 "build to learn" projects and spent 1,5 year before he moved ahead (he had some business background though).
Another person with no business experience and with no business-oriented parents completed it with 7 projects and 3 years. He now runs a company that's one of the USA's leading players in his niche.
So, it's hard to say how long you need this run, but the timeframe should not be of the importance here.
The whole point of this method is to tame yourself and start getting somewhere with yourself.

The key concerns of "build to learn" are:
-Can you finish the project before you get bored of it? Don't invest in long term projects, when you have a track of abandoning them. You don't need to ship the product or make thousands of dollars. Focus on your initial goals first.
-Can you determine small goals before starting to work on the product? Can you identify a few realistic things you want to get out of this project?
-Will working on this project help you to move forward in a space you want to? If you will learn things you don't feel you need, then maybe it's better to focus elsewhere for now.
-Do you really need to work on the project, or should you turn around and do something completely different? Something that is far beyond your comfort zone?
-Do you have significant chances of achieving your goals with this project? Try not to pursue goals that you assume you will fail. You need to take care of your mental health and not put to much strain on it.

Using the "build to learn" method should not become an excuse for you failing to ship. Either you build to learn, or you build to achieve something. You should never go in the middle of the project and say, "just kidding, I was doing it to learn."

Sure, if you are already in the middle of the project, then change your goals. But don't do this for future projects. Otherwise, you might lose the ability to ship ever. You will always be hiding behind the "it was just a project" excuse.

So here is an example of goals I would set for myself when working on a project:
-learn about the branding niche
-create a solution that relies heavily on JavaScript (whenever possible)
-build a simple theme from a scratch
-research affiliate programs for monetization, learn more about making money as an affiliate
-try to get your first conversion

And that's that. I will follow achievable goals, focus on growth, and learn. All the goals are somewhat easy to achieve so that I won't get stuck somewhere.
Once I get through those goals, I can either continue with the project or scrap it for another shiny object without feeling guilty.
And down the road, I will get to the moment when I will say "enough" and build something great.

I hope this can help people that are jumping projects often and cannot settle. I managed to settle on Almost Cake, which is a transition project (for the next few months until I will start slowly working on something big). I encourage everyone having difficulty sticking to one thing to start writing a list of small goals whenever starting a new project. Good luck!
submitted by bartboch to Entrepreneur [link] [comments]

Mentor help

Hello I’m looking for a mentor to point me in the right direction . I’m trying to create a website and app and teaching my self how to code I just don’t know where to start or how to start I have big plans but my plans don’t matter unless I make the first step and I really just don’t know .
submitted by chris2forbs to mentors [link] [comments]

Do schools change your chance of getting drafted?

The U.S. News & World Report's Rankings for Best Football Schools*

*Not actually affiliated with U.S. News & World Report
Scroll to the bottom to skip the technical details
The draft always raises a simple question to me and my friends, if I'm a talented player does the college I pick really matter? There are plenty of arguments about which schools are the best football schools in the nation if they are really blue blood programs. However, most of this is founded on national championship and team success, with a fair bit of media bias thrown in as well. Most high school football players don't make the NFL, so what does a quantative analysis about a high school player's choice in college say about their chance to go pro?
To answer this question, we first pulled all historic data of NFL players using Pro Football Reference, as well as the top 1000 high school prospects from 2002-2015 using 247 Sports. To find if a high school prospect made the NFL, we check for a match in the NFL list of players with the same name (that started in the NFL between 3-6 years after their high school graduation year). This is probably not a purely perfect system, but some amount of fact checking has shown it to be good enough.
From there, we create a simple "model" to figure out each prospects baseline chances of making the NFL. This adjustment is necessary because higher ranked prospects are obviously more likely to make it to the NFL regardless of what school they go to, and are also more likely to be selected by blue blood programs with a strong record. To "model" this baseline likelihood for each rank, we take the average rate a player makes the NFL for a window around each rank. Why do windowing? Because we only have data for 14 players (one for each year) per rank, and that sample is too small to get an accurate estimate. However, we believe that the surrounding ranks represent players of similar skill and can be used in the estimate of the likelihood of making the NFL. In short, in most years, the difference between the number 1 ranked WR and the number 2 ranked WR is probably not drastic, so they can be binned together.
Our predictions can be found in this graph as the dotted blue line. For number one high school prospects, the baseline chance of making the NFL is over 80%. This drops steadily until around rank 100 and seems to taper off to about a 10% chance of making the NFL. Importantly, it seems that our model isn't biased at any particular rank by overpredicting or underpredicting the likelihood of making the NFL the way a linear model might. ​
Now, for the final trick, we find the difference between each prospect making the NFL or not and their projected probability using our model above. This becomes the "Additional Benefit" that a school provides, maybe through its strong coaching, good connections, talent development, or payoffs to refs. Whatever it is, its a quantitative measurement of how much the school added or subtracted to a player's baseline chance of making the NFL coming out of high school.
We can then sort these schools by the average additional benefit they give to their players, filtering out schools that did not send a statistically significant amount of players to the NFL (i.e. 30 players to the NFL since 2000).
School CountRecruits AdditionalBenefit ActualNflProb
Ohio State 224 0.0972353 0.379464
Penn State 210 0.0685255 0.27619
Wisconsin 177 0.0671343 0.231638
Clemson 227 0.065341 0.277533
Stanford 196 0.0622576 0.255102
Miami 248 0.0612245 0.310484
Florida 276 0.05377 0.347826
USC 252 0.0505501 0.384921
LSU 305 0.048175 0.301639
Iowa 139 0.0461087 0.223022
Purdue 117 0.0454173 0.196581
Alabama 286 0.0447078 0.314685
Notre Dame 264 0.0432898 0.291667
Illinois 144 0.0421896 0.208333
Maryland 174 0.0406062 0.218391
Georgia 290 0.033312 0.289655
Michigan 268 0.0314975 0.264925
UCLA 234 0.0294421 0.24359
Oregon 203 0.0286179 0.231527
Boise State 70 0.0275763 0.157143
San Diego State 61 0.0274509 0.163934
Washington 203 0.0271218 0.206897
Nebraska 216 0.026173 0.203704
Louisville 141 0.0255309 0.184397
Connecticut 37 0.024976 0.162162
California 182 0.0244089 0.214286
Oklahoma 264 0.0236414 0.268939
Rutgers 138 0.0207261 0.188406
Northwestern 124 0.0175792 0.153226
Toledo 35 0.0152627 0.142857
Virginia 187 0.0123767 0.197861
Indiana 91 0.0102069 0.142857
Florida State 270 0.00908865 0.292593
Michigan State 190 0.00747498 0.178947
Fresno State 45 0.00310076 0.133333
Auburn 271 2.48289e-05 0.217712
Tennessee 262 -0.00261421 0.229008
South Carolina 238 -0.00626309 0.189076
Virginia Tech 210 -0.00660753 0.171429
Arkansas 226 -0.00674162 0.163717
Missouri 196 -0.00865593 0.158163
Vanderbilt 120 -0.00946914 0.133333
Arizona State 193 -0.0122685 0.150259
Pittsburgh 188 -0.0130439 0.154255
TCU 160 -0.0143112 0.13125
Boston College 153 -0.0144981 0.143791
Utah 105 -0.0154327 0.12381
Georgia Tech 169 -0.017119 0.136095
Texas 282 -0.0188609 0.258865
Wake Forest 90 -0.0203428 0.111111
Oregon State 125 -0.0209483 0.128
SMU 63 -0.021339 0.111111
USF 101 -0.0227299 0.128713
North Carolina 226 -0.024601 0.154867
Texas Tech 173 -0.0277343 0.132948
Louisiana Tech 42 -0.0282686 0.0952381
Brigham Young 95 -0.0312065 0.126316
Texas A&M 263 -0.0324083 0.178707
NC State 141 -0.0339116 0.141844
Oklahoma State 216 -0.0348851 0.12963
Duke 110 -0.0352329 0.1
Kansas 131 -0.0377946 0.0992366
Ole Miss 212 -0.0456101 0.141509
Memphis 31 -0.0468624 0.0967742
Arizona 160 -0.0468774 0.1125
UCF 70 -0.0470138 0.0857143
West Virginia 164 -0.0473924 0.109756
Colorado State 50 -0.0588619 0.06
Houston 70 -0.0594461 0.0714286
Kansas State 114 -0.0608208 0.0877193
Baylor 137 -0.0617023 0.0948905
Minnesota 125 -0.0622246 0.08
Syracuse 82 -0.0624295 0.0731707
Cincinnati 64 -0.0660395 0.0625
Mississippi State 193 -0.0663839 0.108808
Tulsa 41 -0.0664076 0.0731707
East Carolina 33 -0.0709117 0.0606061
Colorado 171 -0.0768549 0.0818713
Tulane 44 -0.077419 0.0454545
Kentucky 107 -0.0825436 0.0747664
Washington State 107 -0.0857713 0.0560748
Marshall 48 -0.08875 0.0416667
Iowa State 95 -0.0955231 0.0421053
Hawaii 36 -0.109805 0.0277778
Southern Miss 62 -0.115323 0.0322581

And we can officially use this data to confirm that Texas is not back. Meanwhile, attending Ohio State provides a whopping 10% percentage point increase (i.e. +10%) in a prospect's chance to make the NFL.

Edit: Thanks for all the feedback and discussion! Really made me and u/cweethrowaway758 happy. There were some requests for data so here are our two datasets in TSV format.
NFL players:
Schema: Name, Position(s), Start Year, End Year
HS recruits:
Schema: Name, Position(s), Overall Recruit Ranking, 247Sports Composite Score
submitted by whalethrowaway857 to CFB [link] [comments]

Collusion, fraud, spam accounts, and more: The month long story of UCLA's most controversial student election

The following was adapted from posts originally made to SubredditDrama and may overexplain issues for students who are already familiar with UCLA culture. However, new admits should be able to follow along given the extra context.
If there are any subscandals I missed that you think contribute to the story in a significant way, please link the appropriate posts and I'll try to work them in.

Key Terms

North Campus: The northern half of the campus that houses humanities and social science departments. Colloquially used to describe anything related to the humanities.
South Campus: The southern half of the campus that houses the science departments. Colloquially used to describe anything related to the sciences.
USAC: Undergraduate Students Association Council, the undergraduate student government at UCLA. Known for being filled with north campus majors.
Daily Bruin u/daily-bruin: A student run newspaper. Known for being filled with north campus majors.
Slate: UCLA's version of a political party


Due to low engagement, last years spring elections saw 3 unfilled seats in USAC that required a special election during the fall quarter. A south campus major, Orion Smedley, ran on a platform to bring back a bus connecting UCLA to LAX that had been discontinued due to low usage several months before. In their election endorsements, the Daily Bruin wrote
The board does not endorse Smedley because of his narrow focus on small-scale visions and his lack of comprehensive understanding of the position. Smedley’s goals – such as organizing a bus between UCLA and LAX – showed him to be out of touch with student needs, as the lack of student use caused the FlyAway bus to be phased out earlier this year.
Orion went on to win a seat in the special election making him one of the few political outsiders as most USAC members are voted into the council after years of working their way up a slate.

The Referendum

On April 8th, the Daily Bruin reported that USAC had approved candidates and referenda for an online ballot due to campus closures in the wake of COVID-19. In this ballot was a particularly contentious referendum, Cultivating Unity for Bruins (CUB). The CUB referendum would increase student fees by $15 per quarter and $9 per summer session in order to fund the creation of a Black Resource Center, maintain meditation spaces, and offset the rent of the Transfer Student Center.
A post was made onto UCLA the next day calling for students to vote down the referendum. The post garnered much attention as many students were unaware that these measures had been passed. The referendum sparked backlash as many had recently lost their jobs, campus resources would not be accessible due to closures, and the Community Programs Office had $2.7 million unaccounted for. The subreddit began to fill with threads demanding accountability from USAC President Robert Watson.
In response to the outcry, USAC ordered its affiliates to make reddit accounts to downvote threads that were bringing negative attention to the CUB referendum. These messages were instead posted onto UCLA which only served to further foment backlash against the CUB referendum.
Students began to dig into USAC financials only to discover other information of which many had been previously unaware. In particular they discovered most accounts were overfunded even accounting for spring quarter expenses. Many were also shocked to learn that USAC officers were paid stipends of up to $10K a year for serving on the council.
After this story broke, students flooded the USAC public meetings that had been moved to Zoom. During the meeting immediately following the backlash against the CUB referendum, all USAC officers, save Orion, voiced their continued support for CUB. Orion stated he did not think the time was appropriate for a fee increase but planned to abstain from voting as he was running for USAC president in the coming elections. Throughout the meeting, other officers berated Orion for not supporting the referendum (Timestamps in the comments). During the Zoom meeting, a participant vandalized the chat with racist remarks which prompted the hosts to remove students from the meeting. Soon after, USAC officers took to other forms of social media, where they had more support, to continue attacking Orion. Students responded by shaming council members that had attacked Orion and removed students from a public meeting.
In response to USAC's mishandling of the CUB referendum backlash, the Daily Bruin wrote an article chastising members of USAC.
Student representatives are supposed to focus their offices’ firepower on students’ problems, not on one another. But recently, the voice of the student body has largely been composed of Twitter rants and screenshot exposes. Tensions between Undergraduate Students Association Council members have boiled over into the public social media sphere over the Cultivating Unity for Bruins Referendum, a proposed referendum on the upcoming USAC election ballot.
Soon afterwards, an unrelated scandal was brought to light by Orion. He claimed that on March 10th, USAC voted against an independent judiciary with only he and another officer in opposition.

The Election

In the same article that announced the CUB referendum would be on the ballot, it was revealed that Orion had formed his own slate, Cost Cutting Innovations (CCI), and would be seeking the presidency. He would be facing Naomi of For the People (FTP), the slate with the greatest representation in USAC, and three other Independent candidates. The fallout over the USAC's mishandling of the CUB referendum gave Orion and his slate an unexpected surge of support. He became the posterchild of reduced student fees after he was the only one to state his opposition to the referendum.
As election week approached, UCLA was rocked by several instances of fraud, where students posing as members of both Naomi and Orion's campaigns made unsanctioned posts. The moderators stepped in and began requiring verification from users claiming to represent candidates.
As election week was about to kick off, the Daily Bruin released their endorsements of candidates. To the dismay of many, the Daily Bruin endorsed FTP candidates nearly straight down the ballot. Users were quick to notice the amateurish reporting of the editorial board and called out discrepancies online.
In their endorsement for FTP's Zuleika over CCI's Deven they cited both of their lack of experience in student government as transfer students but gave very different spins.
While she lacks experience on USAC, Bravo has a wide range of leadership experience working with the Students with Dependents Program and the Transfer Leadership Coalition.
Additionally, her lack of experience within USAC raises concern given the rigorous and sometimes toxic environment of student government, and we worry that her ideas may get lost in the transition.
A user pointed out that the USAC and the Daily Bruin had strong incentives provide legitimacy for each other. The user observed that south campus majors are less inclined to participate in student government because it is not in line with their career goals. The growing threat to USAC due to an increased number of south campus majors running on the CCI slate this year revealed to many students that the initiatives of previous administrations had merely been for show and were not focused on real student issues.
South campus majors don't run for office. More importantly they don't vote. So when it comes to it, USAC is filled with the same people who push initiatives that stroke the "woke" ego that is so pervasive among the self proclaimed journalists at the Daily Bruin while the few [who] do push for South Campus specific plans get called "out of touch". It's absurd that a candidate can run on a campaign that wants to restore a tangible service to students and gets called out of touch while another candidate is praised for adding seats for students we don't know to a senate we've never heard of.
This message resonated with the UCLA userbase that skews heavily towards south campus. Students attacked the Daily Bruin and USAC for working together to maintain a system that allowed faux politicians and journalists to push unrealistic agendas for the purpose of advancing their careers and to the detriment of real student's problems. They alleged USAC and the Daily Bruin were out of touch with the student body after they had repeatedly endorsed candidates with the same type of lofty, good-on-paper agendas over candidates with realistic, sensible plans.
The start of election week was plagued by several more scandals. On Sunday, students also discovered that the the elections board, u/uclaelectionsboard, had paid for actors Brian Baumgartner and Lena Headey to record videos encouraging students to vote. Students complained this was a waste of student fees during a contentious election currently being fought over student fee raises.
On Monday morning, an email, seeming to address incidents of racism, was sent out to all UCLA students. The email stated that racist attacks had been made against the CUB Referendum, citing specifically the incident where racial slurs were used during a public Zoom meeting. The USAC President, Elections Board Chair, and leaders of various ethnic student groups signed on to urge students to participate in the current elections.
Students accused USAC of violating election codes by sending partisan information to students over a service to which all students are required to subscribe.
If you believe that USAC president Robert Watson violated campaign guidelines by sending an email to all undergraduates encouraging a 'yes' vote on the CUB referendum, click here [go to 'report a violation'] to file a complaint.
I recommend you cite Regulation 2.1.a.i of the Social Media Guidelines.
The Social Media Guidelines for campaigning, Regulation 2.1.a.i, state that campaign literature cannot be sent to email lists that all students are required to subscribe to." [note: such as the undergraduate student directory]
Campaigning is defined in the election code, section 8.2.1.a (page 27) as:
[A]ny effort by any individual or group to influence the decision of any student in support of or against any USAC candidate, slate, initiative, referendum, recall, or constitutional amendment appearing on the ballot in the next election through the use of verbal or nonverbal interaction, electronic correspondence of any kind, or the use of physical materials. (emphasis mine)
Students called upon the Elections Board, the independent administrators of the election, to investigate the incident. Despite high activity in encouraging students to vote just hours before, the Election Board account went silent.
Further violations of election code occurred when students posted screenshots of unsolicited texts messages they had received from an individual endorsing the FTP slate.
After a two day investigation, the elections board found the complaint to be invalid.
The Board first makes it clear that the main reason behind its approval of this letter was to take a clear stand in solidarity against incidents of hate speech that have occurred as a result of the ongoing debate about the CUB referendum
Many of the petitioners took issue with the sentence “These instances further highlight the inadequacy of space where Black students are able to feel safe and welcome on and off campus.” The Board agrees that this line itself could possibly be construed as campaigning as one of the components of the referenda is the construction of a Black Bruin Resource Center, which was mentioned in the email. On the other hand, the Board also agrees that this line itself could be construed as entirely factual by others and that the inclusion of “off campus” makes it so that racism as a whole is being addressed, with “on-campus” being used as a reference to the University. The Board acknowledges the petitioners’ concerns but this is ultimately a matter of subjective interpretation.
They also wrote
The third paragraph of the email discusses the CUB referendum, but only in the context of the racist incidents that have occured; these incidents are among the ones that the Board denounced in a April 15th statement.
Many students responded by repeatedly asking for examples of racist incidents other than one in the Zoom meeting. Students also noticed a lack of justification on why the email was not sent immediately after the incidents happened.
Allegations of conspiracy grew when a screenshot of the USAC President claiming he had been given information on the current state of the election was posted onto UCLA. Fury continued to mount against the elections board for this perceived impropriety. However, in this thread, the elections board defended itself by claiming they had no knowledge on the results, only the number of votes cast. Students continued to take issue with this statement asking why this information had only been made available to members of USAC.

The Results

At 6 PM Friday, five hours after voting had concluded, the elections board announced the results of the election. With the highest voter turnout since 2016:
Unexpectedly, the results were a mixed bag with many projecting a sweep by either side, contingent on the pass or fail of the CUB referendum. Despite both sides gaining and conceding ground, drama continued to ensue.
Shocked that CUB had failed, supporters of the referendum took to twitter and began accusing UCLA of racism. Reddit users also posted and criticized screenshots of several tweets by Naomi.[1]
As the fervor over the elections died down, some took the opportunity to remind the student body of the alleged misconduct of USAC, the elections board, and the Daily Bruin. However, it is unclear if the student body will have the momentum and memory to hold the newly elected USAC accountable to transparency and real change after this particularly contentious election.
[1] : It is the opinion of the author that the second tweet can be construed as frustration at middle class people for not joining the plight of lower class people. Whether it is true, that middle class people do not support lower class people, is subject to debate.

Author's thoughts

Since this section is my own opinion, I won't be adding sources unless its about an event that actually happened.
First I would like to start off by disclosing my biases. I completed my undergrad at UCLA and am currently a graduate student in a south campus major. Graduate students are governed by the Graduate Students Association (GSA) and have no stake in USAC. I also happen to know some members of the Daily Bruin's editorial board and their political beliefs; although, I have not been in contact with them for the duration of this event.
I'm extremely disappointed by USAC, the elections board, and the Daily Bruin for their behavior during this election cycle. While much of the evidence regarding collusion is circumstantial, it's hard to give them the benefit of the doubt, especially when many of these organizations have obtained notoriety for engaging in playground politics.
USAC and supporters of the CUB referendum have failed in every attempt to engage in civil discourse with the opposition. As a somewhat liberal individual, I probably have voted in favor of CUB, if I were an undergrad, barring a pandemic and the unaccounted $2.7 million. USAC and supporters refused to attack the argument: a student fee increase during a pandemic and by the least transparent USAC in recent history is a bad idea, opting instead to call all detractors racist. If these students wish to be future leaders and activists in America, they need to do better. On an unrelated note, this is why no one takes liberals, and by proxy college students, seriously. If your first reaction to disagreement is to scream racism, you don't know what you're doing.
If you take your role on USAC seriously, and I know many do because it's what many want as a career, you have to be accountable. Real governments are accountable to the people they serve. If you read this story not knowing that it was a college government, you would think it was a democracy on the verge of collapsing into a totalitarian state. Which is kind of ironic considering how dyed in the wool liberal some of these people claim to be.
Despite actively engaging with students on UCLA in the days prior to election week, the elections board has been eerily silent since allegations of franking came out on Monday. I read the full Notice of Findings and am obligated to believe that a thorough investigation was conducted by an independent board. However, that is not to say that their actions were not incredibly suspect. As students, we know who is friends with who and it makes it very difficult to believe that members of the elections board did not have a personal stake in CUB despite statements to the contrary. However, in a democracy, they are entitled to the benefit of the doubt and the court of public opinion has brought nothing but circumstantial evidence. If this new USAC takes transparency seriously, I think commitments to increasing oversight would be a much needed reassurance.
With regards to the Daily Bruin, I hate being misinformed. So much that if you knew me in real life, you might be able to guess who I was based on how much I insist people go directly to the source material. I understand that journalists are not paid just to report the facts but also to give their opinions. But with that said, many of writers who covered this story let personal politics affect their ability to report the facts first.
There was a sub scandal that I didn't cover in the main story where students alleged that the Daily Bruin deliberately put off reporting on the fee increases as to not bring attention to its negative impacts. Several people[2], [3] asked the Daily Bruin to report on the story when it first came out. But it took three weeks for the article to come out and it came out after voting had already started. While I would like to give them the benefit of the doubt, I wouldn't put it past the editors I know to strategize like this and others were keen to keep track as well
But it looks like they never got around to it. How tf could they fail to cover something so substantial? And boy, how convenient was that... considering that they also recently announced that they endorse the fee increase (referendum).
There was a UCLA student in the comments of the SubredditDrama post that said I was being unfair to the Daily Bruin. I openly admit I don't much like the Daily Bruin and agree their opinion pieces hot garbage. But their investigative pieces have been incredibly lackluster as well. Their report on the unaccounted $2.7 million was the best I'd read from them but they failed to report on its connections to concerns of transparency as it relates to the recent election.
Another thing that is incredibly concerning is the lack of south campus representation in USAC and the Daily Bruin. It was pointed out in the comments of the SubredditDrama post that the Daily Bruin does employ south campus majors in the stack, their data visualization and tech blog. I spoke to a friend who is a graduated member of the Daily Bruin about this story and they said they weren't surprised. The south campus staffers were not really concerned with campus politics and mostly kept to themselves.
Which leads us to south campus representation in USAC. It's true that internships and research experience is way more valuable careerwise to south campus majors so they don't really bother with USAC. But I hope that changes after this year. The bigger issue is with the USAC establishment denying representation of the south campus perspective, as evidenced by the tweets linked above
... my platform will explicitly include banning south campus majors from running for office or voting ...
Hyperbole aside, it's disconcerting that people are trying to paint the result of the referendum as a north vs south argument. There is north vs south culture at UCLA which is discussed mostly as a joke but sometimes seriously, e.g. north campus majors are attractive but unhireable and south campus majors are goblins but will be rich, the north side of campus looks beautiful and the south side is trash, etc. But that north vs south culture isn't the reason CUB failed. It's the reason referenda like CUB are allowed to exist to begin with.
No one is doubting that marginalized communities need our support. But if you read the linked threads and articles, you would have seen dozens of acronyms, CPO, CRC, SIOC, CEC, CSC, SREC[4], CAC, CTP, AAC, AAP, MO, TLC, UCSA, SWC, CAPS, and more. There is not a single "run of the mill" student that can tell you what each of these stand for, what they do, and how some of them are different from each other. I also made one of those up and challenge anyone to tell me which one is fake without looking them up.
UCLA is a huge school and I get that there needs to be a lot of groups to cater to some large populations. But it's alarming how easily some groups are made to serve a seemingly niche purpose, funded all on the student's dime. If I didn't know any better, I would think that some of these groups were made just to push some esoteric social justice agenda and make resume padders for friends of officials. South campus demands realistic and practical goals, as evidenced by CCI's slate. But when south campus doesn't participate, the runaway north campus effect goes on to create groups after every color of the rainbow spending money on things students don't know about.
If USAC wants referenda to pass or fail on their own merits, they have to engage the other half of the campus while they're being written. There is no point in north campus throwing referendum after referendum at the student body for it to be voted down after south campus grows tired of increased fees without representation. If USAC wants students to take future referenda seriously, they can't disenfranchise south campus.
USAC, do better.
u/uclaelectionsboard, do better.
u/daily-bruin, do better.
Thanks for coming to my TED Talk.
Erratum: [4] CREC should be SREC.
submitted by cafmc to ucla [link] [comments]

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