CORONAVIRUS UNCOVERS ROTHSCHILD LORD PIRBRIGHT AS KEY TO THE 140-YR. PILGRIMS SOCIETY MONOPOLY OVER WORLD CULTURE, COMMERCE & WARsubmitted by EIL_Shill_Crusher to FlatEarthScience [link] [comments]
(FEB. 20, 2020)—Once we discovered that the Coronavirus was created and patented (U.S. Pat. No. 10,130,701) by “The Pirbright Institute, Woking, Pirbright, Surrey,” we were compelled to learn more about this Pirbright organization and the village of Pirbright.
Lord Pirbright gave Cecil Rhodes an almost free hand in the British South Africa Company to write laws, collect taxes and run his own police force in their new British Imperial-Fascist Corporatism model for reorganizing the British Empire while continuing to control the resources of their colonies, even after Home Rule was implement (like Rio Tinto – global mining company [including uranium] that is also a Rothschild creation for the British Crown that the Monarch controls to this day), Viscount Alfred Milner, co-founder of the Pilgrims Society, was Rio Tinto chairman from 1923-1925, and earlier a director for many years.
One of our conclusions from this investigation is that The Pirbright Institute is very evidently part of the Pilgrims Society’s 200-year Rhodes-ian plan to create an un-elected one-world government where America is made subservient to the Pilgrims Society and its United Nations. As we are just now discovering, Rhodes had a mentor for his 200-year plan.
As a direct result of investigations to track down the ownership of responsibility for the current Coronavirus outbreak, a new ring leader in the creation of the Pilgrims Society (1902) has just emerged from hiding in the history books.
The tracing of patent ownership lineage of “U.S. Pat. No. 10,130,701, Coronavirus” led us to The Pirbright Institute, Surrey, UK, near Woking and Guildford.
The man who appears to be the Pilgrims Society nexus point is not Cecil Rhodes, but rather Rhodes’ Rothschild family mentor Henry (Rothschild) de Worms, 1st Baron Pirbright, sometimes referenced simply as “Lord Pirbright” or “Baron Pirbright.)
The topic “Pirbright” has many tentacles.
PIRBRIGHT—PRONOUNCED “PURR-BRIGHT” AS IN A CAT PURRING.
U.S. PATENT OFFICE: “A FINDING OF “FRAUD,” “INEQUITABLE CONDUCT,” OR VIOLATION OF DUTY OF DISCLOSURE WITH RESPECT TO ANY CLAIM IN AN APPLICATION OR PATENT, RENDERS ALL THE CLAIMS THEREOF UNPATENTABLE OR INVALID.” QUESTION: WHEN IS THE U.S. PATENT OFFICE GOING TO DISCLOSE ITS FRAUD AND TREASON IN CONTRACTING WITH BRITISH CROWN COMPANIES SERCO AND QINETIQ? DOESN’T THE USPTO FRAUD INVALIDATE EVERYTHING THEY’VE DONE SINCE CONTRACTING WITH SERCO IN 2006, 2013, 2015, OVERVIEW, SEE FULL SPREADSHEET LIST OF 15,769 FEDERAL (SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE) CONTRACTS WITH SERCO). CURRENTLY, INDIVIDUAL U.S. INVENTORS FILING FOR PATENTS ARE SCREWED BY THIS PILGRIMS SOCIETY GLOBAL PATENT THEFT RING RUN BY THE BRITISH.On Oct. 12, 2009, Merial invested over $70 million (US) to build a “Merial Animal Health Co. (China)” 50,000 sq. meters poultry vaccine production plant in Nanchang, China. Nanchang is only a four hour drive from Wuhan.
This Merial plant was founded on Oct. 12, 2007)—just two months after the Aug. 05, 2007 foot and mouth outbreak in the U.K. Given current Chinese prohibition of foreign ownership control, the Chinese government would control Merial (China) with the The Pirbright Institute—British Ministry of Defense, and/or QinetiQ as possible minority stockholders. The big pharma shell game is quite evident.
MERIAL ANIMAL HEALTH CO., LTD., NANCHANG, CHINA 梅里亚动物保健有限公司, FORMED OUT OF THE PIRBRIGHT INSTITUTE (UK) ON OCT. 12, 2009, JUST A FOUR HOUR DRIVE FROM WUHAN, CHINA. MAP OF MERIAL ANIMAL HEALTH CO., LTD., NANCHUNG, CHINA. MAP OF THE 216 MILE DISTANCE BETWEEN NANCHANG TO WUHAN, CHINA.
Henry (Rothschild) de Worms, 1st Baron Pirbright evidently had a vision to combine vaccines, wireless, propaganda, mind control and banking and use these technologies to control the masses and make money for his Pilgrims Society conspirators.
WHAT DO VACCINES & THE WIRELESS EARTHSTATION TELEPORT AT PIRBRIGHT HAVE IN COMMON?On the same property as The Pirbright Institute is Cobbett Hill Earth Station—a satellite teleport that boasts “more than 25 antennas with active operations on 13 satellites” using C and KU-band antennas that are powerful enough for directed energy weaponry.
ARMY TRAINING CENTER (ATC) PIRBRIGHT (SURREY, UK) IS LOCATED JUST 8 MILES NORTH OF COBBETT HILL EARTHSTATION AND THE PIRBRIGHT INSTITUTE. ATC TRAINS ARMY RECRUITS, INCLUDING ELECTRONIC AND BIOLOGICAL WARFARE.
Experts in electronic warfare who have studied the Pirbright property footprint believe it is almost certain that both the Pirbright Institute and the adjacent Cobbett Hill Earthstation teleport share “hardened” underground facilities that are able to withstand direct attacks. This conclusion was further affirmed by CETel GMBH CEO Guido Neumann who boasted on Jun. 01, 2019:
“Cobbett Hill is located only 25 miles from central London in the UK, and occupies a seven-acre secure compound on 200 acres of land. Currently, it houses more than 25 antennas with active operations on 13 satellites plus spare capacity enabling quick turnaround times on even short-notice customer requirements. Due to the locations historical use by the British Ministry of Defence it has blanket planning permission for unlimited antenna installations within the 200 acres and operate within an RF exclusion zone preventing any local interference.”
Trigger words projecting secret underground government and conspiring-corporate activity: “quick turnaround times,” “blanket planning permission,” “unlimited antenna installations within the 200 acres,” “RF exclusion zone preventing local interference,” “seven acres on 200 acres,” and “historical use by the British Ministry of Defence.”
THE UNITED STATES HAS BEEN BOARDED BY BRITISH PIRATES
THE COMMON AGENDA AMONG PIRBRIGHT, ROTHSCHILD, WELLCOME, RHODES, MILNER, MARCONI, PILGRIMS?On Nov. 15, 1895, Henry De Worms (1840-1903) was appointed to be 1st Baron Pirbright, of Pirbright, County of Surrey (UK)—the current site of The Pirbright Institute and Cobbett Hill Earthstation teleport.
HENRY (ROTHSCHILD) DE WORMS (1840-1903) WAS APPOINTED TO BE 1ST BARON PIRBRIGHT APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN THE SPIRITUAL LEADER DIRECTING THE LIKES OF CECIL RHODES, ALFRED MILNER AND THE BOER WARS, NOT TO MENTION PILGRIMS SOCIETY, EMPIRE PRESS UNION, FIRST IMPERIAL PRESS CONFERENCE 1909, MI6, MI5 AND GC&CS RENAMED GCHQ IN 1947.
On Oct. 03, 1893, Lord Pirbright inherited a substantial sum in those days—about £350,000—as residuary legatee of his mother Henrietta Samuel’s estate. He used these funds to fund great mischief, including purchasing the land in the greater Pirbright area on land that today houses MOD (Ministry of Defense) facilities associated with British Defence Evaluation and Research Agency (DERA), including The Pirbright Institute, essentially controlled by the Wellcome Trust and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation—two key funders of the Pirbright Institute along with U.S. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), and Cobbett Hill Earthstation, that are both adjacent to the Army Training Center – Pirbright land acquired by the Army in about 1875.
Lord Pirbright also bankrolled Henry Wellcome’s meteoric rise in the pharmaceutical business as well as Sir Henry M. Stanley’s expeditions to Africa to collect new cures and poisons for Henry Wellcome, as well as secure west African mining rights for Belgium King Leopold II, the British South Africa Company and his protégés Cecil Rhodes, Alfred Milner, N.M. Rothschild & Sons, Winston Churchill and John Buchan, among others.
CECIL JOHN RHODES NOW APPEARS TO HAVE TAKEN HIS NEW-WORLD ORDER ORDERS FROM HENRY DE WORMS 1ST LORD PIRBRIGHT, HIS MENTOR.
Henry (Rothschild) De Worms, First Baron Pirbright’s paternal grandmother was Schönche Jeannette Rothschild (1771–1859). Jeanette’s father, Pirbright’s great grandfather, was Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1744-1812)—the founder of Rothschild banking. See Dict. of Nat. Bio (1914), pp. 495-496, 51 MB (be patient when downloading).
A young Henry de Worms lived his early years on the family coffee, tea and spice plantation in Ceylon actually named “Rothschild.” This bound the de Worms to the rapacious imperialism of the British East India Company that the Rothschilds bankrolled. The Jewish Chronicle (London)-De-Worms]-The-Culminating-Apostasy-pp-16-17-Solomon-Davis-pub-The-Jewish-Chronicle-(London)-Jan-16-1903.pdf), Jan. 20, 1903-De-Worms]-The-Culminating-Apostasy-pp-16-17-Solomon-Davis-pub-The-Jewish-Chronicle-(London)-Jan-16-1903.pdf#page=13) (9.6 MB).
Indeed, Pirbright led Britain’s imperial trading empire when he was Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade (1885-88)-De-Worms-1st-Baron-Pirbright-Parliamentary-Secretary-to-the-Board-of-Trade-(1885-1888)-Wikipedia-accessed-Feb-22-2020.pdf), and Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies (1888-92)-De-Worms-1st-Baron-Pirbright-Under-Secretary-of-State-for-the-Colonies-(1888-92)-Wikipedia-accessed-Feb-22-2020.pdf#page=2) under Lord Salisbury.
For context, on the Board of Trade, Henry (Rothschild) De Worms 1st Baron Pirbright was succeeded by political Zionist Lord Balfour (1989-1992). Balfour was also President of the Board of Trade with Sydney Buxton (2nd Governor General of the British South Africa Company) and future prime ministers Churchill and Lloyd George.
Balfour was the author of the Balfour Declaration letter to Baron Lionel W. Rothschild (Pirbright’s cousin and fellow leader of the London Jewish community, and the funder of Cecil Rhodes’ British South Africa Company and De Beers Consolidated Mines in Cape Colony, South Africa). Balfour’s letter called for a Jewish homeland in Palestine. In 1902-1905, Bonar Law took the same post and later becane privy councillor (1911), British war cabinet during WWI (1916-1918), and later prime minister (1922-1923).
LORDS PIRBRIGHT AND SALISBURY EXPLOITED AN AILING QUEEN VICTORIA IN THE 1880-90’SHenry (Rothschild) De Worms and Lord Salisbury subdued the British Parliament in the 1880-90’s to promote the Boer Wars in the Transvaal, South Africa to, among other things to : (1) crush the stiff colonial business competition from the German Hanseatic League, Dutch East India Company and the French East India Company, (2) to further consolidate the Rothschild monopoly over the Bank of England, (3) monopolize African mining through Cecil Rhodes, N.M. Rothschild and De Beers, as the way to finance, (4) a new privatized, imperial corporatist-fascist model for the British Empire named the British South Africa Company, (5) recruit new blood into this ruthless elitist club by funding Rhodes Scholarships at Oxford in perpetuity.
Rhodes established The Round Table to promote this “English-speaking” hegemony over the the world. His new club of self-aggrandizing elitist Robber barons )(including Americans) was a moral grab bag of ideas that borrowed from John Ruskin’s settlement movement ideas where elites would rule over socialist/communist communities as overlords, dispensing their wisdom over the hapless masses in their charge. Tellingly, the leaders of the 2nd Boer War, Viscount Alfred Milner and General Lord Roberts, were Ruskin fans. Also tellingly, Ruskin eschewed spirituality and religion until late in life.
The Round Table organized as a secret society that borrowed Jesuit stealth takeover processes to hide their hegemonic intentions. With Rhodes’ blessing, they employed any tactic needed to acquire the resources to achieve their 200-year imperial corporatist-fascist goals “…(3) The seizure of the wealth necessary.”
On 13 March 1888, Rhodes launched De Beers Consolidated Mines where Rhodes was first chairman , with funding from N.M. Rothschild & Sons supplied in 1887.
HENRY (ROTHSCHILD) DE WORMS, 1ST BARON PIRBRIGHT. APPOINTED TO KEY CABINET POSITIONS THAT GAVE HIM GREAT INFLUENCE OVER PATENTS (INCL. NIKOLA TESLA’S WIRELESS TELEGRAPHY INVENTION), ANIMAL-TESTING (VACCINES), MINING RIGHTS AND ESTABLISHMENT OF THE BRITISH SOUTH AFRICA COMPANY.
In 1888, Queen Victoria appointed Baron Henry De Worms to the Privy Council. His barony was extinguished upon his death since he had no male heirs. However, he appears to have given away his land holdings to the Ministry of Defence which had been under his authority.
On Dec. 20, 1889, De Worms, Rothschild and Salisbury supported the formation of an autonomous British South Africa Company to enable Cecil J. Rhodes to form a replacement corporatist (Robber baron) model to replace the British East India Company. In this model the lower classes would be ruled under socialism and culled with eugenics (war, poison vaccines, man-made disasters) while the upper class rulers would live lives of luxury under the British peerage system. In their system, free thinking could not be tolerated, therefore, the Judeo-Christian ethic of free will would have to be neutralized or abolished. According to Rhodes’ 200-year plan, these commercial princes would operate as a secret society and use Jesuit stealth tactics to lie, cheat and steal to achieve their plan. Rhodes encouraged them that the resources to achieve this plan must be acquired at any cost.
The British South Africa Company would empower Rhodes to run South Africa as a corporation with its own laws, taxes and police force. This profligate governance model eventually led to Milner and Roberts establishing the world’s first concentrations camps in the 2nd Boer War. Over 60,000 souls, including 14,000 children were murdered in these barbaric camps via suspicious outbreaks of measles, typhoid and dysentery. Family described to our researchers that children with even sniffles were taken away from their parents and never returned, presumed murdered. Notably, Henry Wellcome supplied his medicine chests full of experimental vaccines to the British Army that were used in these death camps.
The British acknowledge that the concentration camps helped break the backs of the Boers and led to their defeat.
HENRY MORTON STANLEY, BRITISH EXPLORER CONSPIRED WITH HENRY (ROTHSCHILD) DE WORMS, HENRY WELLCOME AND CECIL RHODES TO SECURE BRITISH MONOPOLIES IN SOUTH AFRICA OVER DIAMOND AND GOLD MINING, AND PHARMACEUTICALS. STANLEY IS BURIED IN PIRBRIGHT, SURREY, UK.
The lionized British explorer Sir Henry M. Stanley is buried in Pirbright. His legend says he explored “Darkest Africa” and allegedly said upon encountering missionary David Livingstone who he was searching for: “Mr. Livingstone, I presume.” Given our new information into the propaganda surrounding the Stanley, we are wondering if any of this is true. It may have just been a tall tale that sold a lot of newspapers. It may have been a learning lesson for newspapermen that they could make up stories out of whole-cloth and the public would believe them unquestioningly.
In 1874, Stanley’s second African expedition was finance by two newspapers , The New York Herald and Britain’s Daily Telegraph. The Daily Telegraph’s editor, Edward Levy Lawson, later Lord Burnham, co-founder of the Pilgrims Society (1902), was chairman of the First Imperial Press Conference, 1909, and founded the Empire Press Union and while organizing of British MI6, MI5 and GC&CS, now GCHQ)—the last three events all in the summer of 1909.
Henry Wellcome told the story of Stanley’s use of his medicine chests full of experimental vaccines in his The Evolution of Journalism Etcetera (pp. 150, 151, 291) that he presented to the 650 newspapermen delegates at the First Imperial Press Conference, 1909. In that conference he asked the delegates to repeat Stanley’s efforts to collect toxins, cures and poisons and he would reimburse them to be sent to his Wellcome laboratories in the UK for analysis.
Wellcome helped finance Stanely’s expeditions. Stanely also helped Belgium’s Prince Leopold II secure the Congo for the Rothschilds and De Beers’ diamond and gold interests.
Wellcome and Stanley were both born promoters who used the corridors of power to secure their wealth and influence. Wellcome Trust today is the second largest grant-maker in the world after The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
Now we must return to Wellcome’s, Rhodes’s, Milner’s, Robert’s and Stanley’s Parliamentary sponsor Henry de Worms 1’s Baron Pirbright.
In his powerful positions at the Board of Trade and as overseer of the Colonies, De Worms was responsible for all patents and trademarks.
During this time, a bright young Serbian-born inventor named Nicholai Tesla was inventing wireless telegraphy, electric light, motors, power and free energy devices. His first patent, for an electric arc lamp, was awarded on Sep. 02, 1886 30, 1884. (De Worms assumed control of the Board if Trade in 1885).
Therefore, during De Worms trade and colonial oversight of the British patent office (1885-1892), Tesla filed 56 patents.
Hindsight makes it quite evident now that we can see the forces behind the transition of the British Empire from control by the British East India Company to a new form of British corporatist imperial fascism, that they would apply Rhodes’ admonition to acquire resources at any cost, to stealing Tesla’s wireless telegraphy invention for use in their imperial communications scheme for use in the Admiralty and as a propaganda tool to control the masses and “create public opinion.”
It is our strong belief that these Robber barons created Guglielmo Giovanni Maria Marconi as their cardboard cut-out front man to create a British global monopoly named Marconi Wireless on emerging wireless telegraphy. In short, Marconi’s alleged parallel invention of wireless telegraphy is all fake.
Indeed, during deWorms oversight of trade and the colonies, the British post office began secretly creating deals with Marconi Wireless without the knowledge of Parliament. The insider trading got so bad that in 1913 it almost took down a future Prime Minister (David Lloyd George) and King’s Counsellor Rufus Daniel Isaacs. These men while knowing that Marconi’s monopoly (organized by De Worms and his Rhodes’ relative Charles F.G. Masterman—later chief of the British War Propaganda Bureau) was unassailable, had secretly bought shares for themselves in Marconi America, just before Marconi Wireless Britain went public.
The unmistakable commonality here in Britain’s new corporatist-fascist imperial plan for the new British Empire was to have unanimity of vision and direction across banking (dominated by Rothschilds), pharma (dominated by Wellcome), government (controlled ultimately by the Pilgrims Society), Wireless Technology (controlled by the Marconi Wireless monopoly), propaganda (controlled by the Empire Press Union) and information (controlled by MI6, MI5, GC& CS, renamed GCHQ).
According to Rhodes’ instructions, these men were compelled to nudge America back into the Empire. They used these levers of power and control to achieve this goals, and they are still at it today. After forming their secret Pilgrims Society and took control of global newspapers, intelligence, wireless and cable, they set out to recapture America.
Andrew Carnegie even bankrolled American education, textbooks and libraries to change American opinion about Britain in order to condition the population for re-assimilation.
They use the Crown Agents to press this plan globally.
They promoted the Round Table and Milner’s Kindergarten.
They promoted Fabianism.
They promoted Zionism.
They promoted Bolshevism, Socialism and Communism.
They formed Reuters and Associated Press.
They direct Daily Telegraph, Daily Mail, The Times, Washington Post, New York Times.
They funded American libraries and textbooks.
They promoted the League of Nations.
They promoted the U.S. Federal Reserve.
They promoted Fascism.
The promoted The Inquiry.
They crashed the U.S. stock market in 1929 to consolidate their ability to control American banks.
They promoted the Council on Foreign Relations
They formed organizations like the Tri-Lateral Commission, the Atlantic Council, NATO, Bilderberg, Aspen Institute, Bohemian Grove to promote their reassimilation of American into their new world order Empire.
They promoted NATO.
They promoted the World Bank and IMF.
They stole the social networking inventions from Columbus-innovator Leader Technologies via the IBM Eclipse Foundation to unify and accelerate their activities world.
The Crown Agents successfully formed the Senior Executive Service (SES), the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC), USAID, The Aerospace Corporation to take over the Executive Branch with a permanent Pilgrims Society bureaucracy.We return to the question of why the Pirbright Institute—the patent holder of CORONAVIRUS—is situated on the same Ministry of Defence property as the Cobbett Hill Earthstation with massive array of powerful, weapons-grade antennas and dishes. And, that is only what we can see from satellite images.
As with most secret government labs doing often questionable and illegal research, these facilities are probably massive underground.
Clashes have broken out between far-right protesters and police officers as the Metropolitan Police warned protesters they must leave central London by 5pm. In an attempt to avoid a repeat of last week's violent clashes, authorities had told Black Lives Matter protesters to stick to their planned route near Hyde Park, while far-right groups were ordered to remain near Parliament Square.
Members of the groups had vowed to protect memorials from being defaced after the Cenotaph and the Sir Winston Churchill statue were spray painted amid Black Lives Matter protests last weekend.
Police had feared anti-racism demonstrations - sparked by the death of George Floyd in the US last month - could be hijacked by counter-protesters.
Black Lives Matter called off their planned protest on Saturday to avoid clashes between the groups but police believe thousands will still attend.
Aerial footage shows clashes between protesters and police.
This Saturday, those affiliated to the Black Lives Matter protests must remain north of the police carrier erected on Whitehall, while right wing protesters have been ordered to remain south of the line.
It tried to be original and entertaining while keeping the story likely. I always thought versions that involved America occupied of somehow D-Day failing weren't very organic. Its a tried trope, but let me know what you think.submitted by Mr_Haw_Haw to AlternateHistory [link] [comments]
THE WORLD ON ITS AXIS
February 15, 1933 - President-Elect Franklin D. Roosevelt is shot and mortally wounded by Giuseppe Zangara at Bayfront Park in Miami, FL. Mayor of Chicago, Anton Cermak, and two others are also wounded. The assassin is later sentenced to death by electric chair for his crime.
February 28, 1933 – The Reichstag Fire Decree is passed in response to the Reichstag fire, nullifying many German civil liberties.
March 4, 1933 - VP-Elect John Nance Garner of Texas is inaugurated as President of the United States. His speech with its hallmark phrase, "We shall wright the ship of state and our economy, not by running from our values, but embracing them", begins to rally the public and Congress to deal with the Great Depression. His subsequent addresses, that began eight days later, would lay out a plan for relief for both the poor and business.
March 5, 1933 - The Great Depression: President Garner declares a "Bank holiday", closing all United States banks and freezing all financial transactions (the 'holiday' ends on March 13).
March 9 - June 16, 1933 - The New Deal social and economic programs are passed by the United States Congress in a special one hundred day session to address depression era economics. The gold standard was dropped on April 19 and ratified during the time of this session on June 5. Canada also drops using the gold standard.
March 31, 1933 - The Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Glass-Steagall Act is passed by Congress to bail out failing banks while ensuring that depositor money cannot be leveraged for speculation by banks. It is seen a crucial lynchpin for stemming the tide of bank closures.
April 1, 1933 –Nazi SA agitators, led by Julius Streicher, organize a one-day boycott of all Jewish-owned businesses in Germany.
May 27, 1933 - The Century of Progress World's Fair opens in Chicago, Illinois. Held along the banks of Lake Michigan on 427 acres, this depression era fair was a successful event, both in financial and attendance terms, taking advantage of cheap labor to keep costs low. It lasted for two seasons, drawing over 39 million visitors over its 1933 and 1934 years.
June 21, 1933 – All non-Nazi parties are forbidden in Germany.
August 1, 1933 - The National Development Act restricts enforcement of Anti-Trust on companies doing business with the federal government.
August 12, 1933 – MP Winston Churchill makes his first public speech warning of the dangers of German rearmament.
November 8, 1933 - U.S. President Garner unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
November 11, 1933 - In South Dakota, a strong dust storm strips topsoil from depression era farms. It was one in a series of such storms to plague the Midwest during 1933 and again in 1934.
November 16, 1933 – The United States declines to establish formal diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union after an invite from Premier Josef Stalin is rebuffed. President Garner is in agreement with the British PM, Ramsay MacDonald, that Communism is the greatest threat to the liberal democratic order in the West.
November 18, 1933 - The US Congress passes the National Sales Tax Act to begin generating more revenue for the government, this is met with some rancor from the more progressive left while being hailed as a sound fiscal decision by those in the business community.
December 5, 1933 - The 21st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed, ending prohibition.
March 1, 1934 – Manchuria becomes Manchukuo, following an invasion by the Japanese. Former Qing Dynasty emperor, Puyi, is installed as regent for the new Japanese crown colony.
June 6, 1934 - The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission is established with the signing of the Securities Exchange Act into law by President John Nance Garner.
June 30 – July 2, 1934 – Night of the Long Knives in Germany: Nazis purge the Sturmabteilung (SA), the left-wing Strasserite faction of the Nazi Party, and prominent anti-Nazi liberals in a series of political murders.
August 2, 1934 – Adolf Hitler becomes Führer of Germany, or head of state combined with that of Chancellor, following the death of President Paul von Hindenburg.
August 15, 1934 - The United States pulls its troops from Haiti after installment of a US friendly government.
December 29, 1934 - Japan renounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930.
March 16, 1935 – Adolf Hitler announces German re-armament in violation of the 1919 Treaty of Versailles. US investment and suppliers contribute to the resurgent German industrial economy.
June 2, 1935 - The greatest hitter in the history of baseball, Babe Ruth, retires from Major League Baseball. He is among the charter class of players inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame, in Cooperstown, New York, in 1939.
June 9, 1935 – He–Umezu Agreement: China's Kuomintang government concedes Japanese military control of north-eastern China.
July 2, 1935 - The National Labor Relations Act is defeated in the Senate splitting Democratic factions.
August 14, 1935 - The Social Security Act, proposed by the progressive Democrats of Congress as part of the New Deal legislation effort, is defeated after bi-partisan lobbying against it led by President Nance Garner. He is remembered as saying that, "While many reforms are needed to ensure the stability of our economic health; Socialism will not be the order of business in America, not today, not tomorrow." This is lauded by the conservative elements in both parties as a middle-of-the-road policy of "rational reform". More critical members of the Democratic Party call it fence-sitting that ignores the plight of those hit the hardest by the Depression.
October 2 – October 3, 1935 – The Second Italo-Ethiopian War begins as General Emilio De Bono of Italy invades Ethiopia.
September 15, 1935 – The Nuremberg Laws go into effect in Germany, removing citizenship from Jews.
September 30, 1935 - Hoover Dam is dedicated by President Garner and becomes a public works centerpiece of the "New Deal".
January 20, 1936 – King George V of the United Kingdom dies. His eldest son succeeds to the throne, becoming Edward VIII. He is the last Prince of Wales.
March 7, 1936 – In violation of the Treaty of Versailles and Locarno Treaties, Nazi Germany reoccupies the Rhineland.
May 7, 1936 – Italy annexes Ethiopia.
May 12, 1936 - The Santa Fe Railroad inaugurates the all-Pullman Super Chief passenger train service between Chicago, Illinois and Los Angeles, California.
May 30, 1936 - Gone with the Wind is published by Margaret Mitchell.
July 17, 1936 – The Spanish Army of Africa launches a coup d'état against the Second Spanish Republic, beginning the Spanish Civil War.
August 1, 1936 - The Summer Olympics Games open in Berlin, Germany under the watchful eye of German leader Adolf Hitler, whose policies of Aryan supremacy had already begun to take shape. The star of the games was Jesse Owens, a black American, who won four gold medals at the Berlin Games.
August 19, 1936 – The first of the Moscow Trials in the Soviet Union begins the great purge of Soviet officials considered disloyal by Stalin.
November 3, 1936 - John Nance Garner overwhelms his Republican challenger, Alfred Landon, for a second presidential term. His Electoral College margin, 403 to 128, and 57% of the popular vote was a landslide and insured Garner a mandate for his strategy of moderate and balanced stewardship.
December 10, 1936 – Edward VIII abdication crisis: King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom signs an instrument of abdication at Fort Belvedere, Surrey in the presence of his three brothers, The Duke of York, The Duke of Gloucester and The Duke of Kent.
December 31, 1936 – The United Auto Workers begins the Flint Sit-Down Strike in Flint, Michigan. President Garner ordered federal intervention using Michigan National Guard to break the strike. 3 workers were killed and 23 injured in the ensuing melee. After GM refuses to recognize the UAW, union leaders later decide to ally with the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), increasing their membership for the first time since 1924.
February 16, 1937 - Wallace H. Carothers patents the polymer, invented in the Dupont labs.
May 6, 1937 - At Lakehurst, New Jersey, the German airship Hindenburg makes the news when an electrical failure causes an emergency landing, thankfully the use of helium prevented a fire from occurring onboard. All passengers landed safely.
May 12, 1937 – The coronation of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth II takes place at Westminster Abbey, London.
May 27, 1937 - The Golden Gate Bridge opens to pedestrian traffic and one day later, after a ceremonial press of a button from Washington, D.C. by President Garner, receives its first vehicles. It created a vital link between San Francisco and Marin County.
July 2, 1937 - The Second Sino-Japanese War begins after the Marco Polo Bridge Incident. Pres. John Nance Garner reaffirms America's commitment to neutrality. Despite some pressure from the Left, President Garner declines any proposal that may change the Neutrality Acts or place any economic sanctions against Japan.
August 14, 1937 - The Appalachian Trail, extending two thousand miles from Mount Katahdin, Maine to Springer Mountain, Georgia is completed.
November 12, 1937 - Amelia Earhart returns to Lockheed Airfield in Burbank, CA, to complete the first round the world flight by a woman to much public fanfare.
December 13, 1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: The Battle of Nanking ends with the Japanese occupying the city. In the Nankin Massacre which follows, Japanese soldiers kill over 300,000 Chinese in 3 months. A few days previously, the Nationalist government of China has moved its capital to the southwestern city of Chungking.
March 13, 1938 – Anschluss: Germany annexes Austria after a popular referendum for unification.
June 25, 1938 - Federal legislation known as the Fair Labor Standards Act is defeated in Congress. It would have established a minimum wage of $0.25 at the time, as well as time and one half for overtime.
Instead a separate bill prohibiting most child labor was passed by a narrow margin creating some amity between the diverging conservative and progressive wings of the Democrat party.
October 31, 1938 – Great Depression: In an effort to try to restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a 15-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public. The proposal is endorsed by President Garner and passes Congress as part of a budget bill.
September 29, 1938 - Munich Agreement: German, Italian, British and French leaders agree to German demands regarding annexation of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovak government is largely excluded from the negotiations and is not a signatory to the agreement. Neville Chamberlain returns to Britain from meeting with Adolf Hitler and declares "Peace for our time".
November 9, 1938 - Kristallnacht: In Germany, the "night of broken glass" begins as Nazi Brownshirts and sympathizers loot and burn Jewish businesses (the all night affair sees 7,500 Jewish businesses destroyed, 267 synagogues burned, 91 Jews killed and at least 25,000 Jewish men arrested)
January 5, 1939 - President Garner asks the U.S. Congress for a modest defense budget increase to modernize US military equipment.
January 27, 1939 – Adolf Hitler orders Plan Z, a 5-year naval expansion program intended to provide for a huge German fleet capable of matching the Royal Navy on its own by 1944. The Kriegsmarine is given the first priority on the allotment of German economic resources.
March 28, 1939 - Dictator Francisco Franco assumes power in Madrid, remaining in power until 1975, after his army successfully routes the Republican forces.
April 12, 1939 – Italy captures and annexes the Kingdom of Albania forcing King Zog into exile.
April 30, 1939 - The New York World's Fair opens for its two year run. This world's fair, spectacularly conceived for the Flushing Meadows trash dump made famous by F. Scott Fitzgerald in Queen's, New York, is often credited with proving to the American public that prosperity and good times could lay ahead after the decade of depression. The fair was centered by the Trylon and Perisphere theme structures and included the participation of 52 nations and 11 colonies, despite the growing presence of a looming World War. The New York fair closed on October 21, 1940 and drew 45 million paid visitors. During the same year, a competing fair in San Francisco, known as the Golden Gate International Exposition, became a second example of a spectacular world's fair signaling the end of the depression era. Held in the middle of San Francisco Bay, it opened February 18, 1939 and would close on September 29, 1940 with an attendance of over 15 million.
June 12, 1939 - The Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown, New York, home of one of baseball's founders, Abner Doubleday. The first class of inductees included Ty Cobb, Babe Ruth, Honus Wagner, Christy Mathewson, and Walter Johnson.
August 2, 1939 - Albert Einstein alerts President John Nance Garner to an A-bomb opportunity, the proposal is considered far-fetched and outside of US priorities for the time being. The idea gains some theoretical traction among scientists despite lack of official resources for development. Einstein had arrived as a fugitive from Nazi Germany six years earlier on October 17, 1933.
August 23, 1939 – Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact signed between Germany and the Soviet Union, a neutrality treaty that also agreed to the division of spheres of influence in Eastern Europe.
September 5, 1939 - The United States declares its neutrality in the European war after Germany invaded Poland and annexed Danzig, effectively beginning World War II after a year of European attempts to appease Hitler and the aims of expansionist Nazi Germany. Despite this, the US Congress creates a "Cash and Carry" amendment to the Neutrality Act, motivated by manufacturing interests in both parties, which will begin arms trades with any nation willing to pick them up from US ports. This becomes lucrative for the US, creating jobs and much needed revenue.
September 10, 1939 - Nazi Germany begins its euthanasia program for the handicapped, mentally ill, addicted and other "social undesirables". The Catholic Church protests this vigorously.
April 9, 1940 – WWII: Germany invades the neutral countries of Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung, opening the Norwegian Campaign. The British Royal Navy attack elements of the German fleet off Norway. Vidkun Quisling proclaims a new collaborationist regime in Norway. The German invasion of Denmark lasts for about six hours before that country capitulates.
May 10, 1940 - Germany begins the invasion of France and the Low Countries.
May 20, 1940 - The Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest of the German concentration camps, opens in occupied Poland near the town of Oświęcim. From now until January 1950, around 3.6 million people will be killed there.
May 26- June 4, 1940 - The Dunkirk evacuation: The British and French navies together with large numbers of civilian vessels from various nations complete evacuating 300,000 troops from Dunkirk in France to England.
June 3, 1940 - The United States government approves a sale of surplus war material to Great Britain.
June 14, 1940 - On the same day Paris fell to the German army, the Naval Expansion Act is signed into law by President John Nance Garner, increasing the capacity of the U.S. Navy by 9%. Four days earlier, John Nance Garner had hosted a trade conference with representatives from Japan securing an increase in oil exports to Japan, greatly benefiting the US oil industry.
June 17, 1940 - France surrenders to Germany. Marshal Philippe Pétain becomes Prime Minister of Vichy France and immediately asks Germany for peace terms.
September 7, 1940- The Blitz: Nazi Germany begins bomb raids on London (the first of 76 consecutive nights of strategic bombing).
September 16, 1940 - The U.S. Congress approves and enacts the first expansion of the US volunteer military; increasing US active duty forces to 320,000 personnel. The US will retain these troop limits until 1956.
September 26, 1940 – A group of Japanese officers in violation of an agreement signed four days earlier with French Indochina, take Đồng Đăng and Lam Sơn with 40 Franco-Vietnamese troops killed and around 1,000 deserting. As Japan consolidates control over Indochina, President Garner quells demands from some in his party to impose a total embargo on all scrap metal shipments to Japan. He is determined to not take sides in the growing war in the Pacific.
November 5, 1940 - President Garner decides to make way for a new candidate for President and endorses the bid of his VP, Democrat Millard Tydings, over firebrand progressive Henry Wallace after a heated convention battle. In a stunning upset of 282 to 249 in the Electoral College, victory is secured by Republican candidate Arthur Vandenberg, winning his first presidential election. A major factor in Vandenberg's success was ensuring the US will never enter war in Europe or Asia under his watch and was committed to rolling back some New Deal tax hikes signed by President Garner.
At the GOP Convention, Gerhard Kunze, of the German American Bund, and Charles Lindbergh, of the America First Committee, both deliver keynote speeches endorsing Arthur Vandenberg for his support of strict neutrality and anti-communism. Also, speaking at the convention was Father Charles Coughlin, a priest whose weekly radio show was instrumental in getting Catholics to turn out to the polls for the Republican candidate.
January 26, 1941 – After aviator Charles Lindbergh testifies before the U.S. Congress and recommends that the United States negotiate a non-aggression pact with Adolf Hitler; President Arthur Vandenberg extends an invitation to Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop to open negotiations with Germany.
March 11, 1941 - The Charles Lindbergh Museum of Aviation is dedicated at US Army Air Corps School at Patterson Field with the participation of such luminaries as Henry Ford and Charles Lindbergh himself.
March 16, 1941 - The Lend-Lease Act is passed by the Democrat majority in the House, which would have provided $7 billion in military credits for American manufactured war supplies to Great Britain and other nations. The bill is later is defeated in the now Republican Senate. Vandenberg announces that "Cash and Carry" will continue due to lobbying efforts by manufacturers earning incredible gains by selling to both sides, but the US will not extend credit to any particular side.
March 24, 1941 – WWII: Rommel launches his offensive in Cyrenaica.
June 22, 1941 –Operation Barbarossa: Germany invades the Soviet Union. Winston Churchill promises all possible British assistance to the Soviet Union in a worldwide broadcast: "Any man or state who fights against Nazidom will have our aid. Any man or state who marches with Hitler is our foe." Italy and Romania declare war on the Soviet Union. The June Uprising also begins in Lithuania and establishes a Provisional Government of Lithuania begun by the Lithuanian Activist Front in an attempt to liberate Lithuania from Soviet occupation.
June 26, 1941 – Hungary, Bulgaria and Finland officially join the Axis in their fight with the Soviet Union. Greece is occupied by Italy with the aid of German forces.
July 3, 1941 –Joseph Stalin, in his first address since the German invasion, calls upon the Soviet people to carry out a "scorched earth" policy of resistance to the bitter end. Meanwhile the German Army has captured the Baltic States with local Anti-Communist support.
August 14, 1941 - Negotiations for assistance are held between President Vandenberg and Great Britain's Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, without any significant agreement to change America's neutrality policy. The US, however, does agree to significant intelligence sharing with the UK.
August 25, 1941 – The Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran begins.
November 5, 1941 – US concludes a non-aggression pact with Japan and agrees to future talks to expand trade between the two nations. Oil sales to Japan continue to be profitable to US business interests.
November 10, 1941 - Germany invades and occupies Iceland after defeating British defenders on the island. This amphibious force helps develop German invasion capabilities by sea and foreshadows Operation Sea Lion. The Atlantic shipping lanes are now dominated by the German navy allowing the U-Boats to create havoc for British supply.
December 29, 1941 - "Second Great Fire of London" – Luftwaffe carries out a massive incendiary bombing raid on London, starting 1,500 fires. Many famous buildings, including the Guildhall and Trinity House, are destroyed. The raids continue for 71 days.
January 8, 1942 - North Africa is abandoned by Great Britain to concentrate resources at home for defense of a possible German invasion.
January 20, 1942 – The Holocaust: Nazis at the Wannsee Conference in Berlin decide that the "Final Solution" (Endlösung) to the Jewish problem" is deportation east, and later extermination.
February 6, 1942 - President Arthur Vandenberg rebuffs desperate requests from the Soviet Union to aid them in their defense from German invasion and instead decides to conclude an agreement with Germany for a non-aggression pact between the Reich and the US.
February 7, 1942 – United States Maritime Commission issues a warning for fleet operators to avoid passage in the North Sea and English Channel due to the deteriorated security situation from the Battle of Britain.
March 10, 1942 - Operation Typhoon succeeds as Moscow falls to German forces. Stalin's government is evacuated eastward to Omsk, taking with it the body of V.I. Lenin and many works of Russian art.
April-July 1942 - The Japanese Pacific campaign expands to the capture of New Guinea and the Solomon Islands resulting in the capitulation of most British forces in the region. Australia remains the last bulwark against Japanese domination of the Pacific and now faces the threat of Japanese long-range bombers.
May 12, 1942 – Second Battle of Kharkov: In the eastern Ukraine, the Soviet Army initiates a major offensive to re-capture the city of Kharkov from the German Army, only to be encircled and destroyed.
May 30, 1942 – Due to an intelligence miscalculation, British RAF Bombers en route to bomb Cologne are off course by 58 miles from their targets and suffer heavy air losses to the Luftwaffe.
June 27, 1942 - Remaining British forces capitulate at El Alamein, losing Egypt to Rommel's forces. The Suez Canal becomes a vital link to Persian Gulf oil for the Axis powers.
July 30, 1942 - After a long sustained air campaign over Great Britain and the steady decline of British Naval forces through attrition by U-Boats and the Luftwaffe, Operation Sea Lion begins with a massive airborne invasion of 15,000 Fallschirmjäger from Dunkirk, Normandy and Pas-de-Calais across the channel, mostly concentrated at Ramsgate and capturing the greater part of Kent.
August 1, 1942 – An amphibious invasion begins with over 80,000 Germans with armored support establishing beachheads along the shores of Kent, Sussex and Hampshire. This begins Britain's final struggle against the Reich. The last, and largest, Blitz on London begins and will kill thousands of civilians and defenders and effectively destroys Central London.
August 6, 1942- the Palace of Westminster was severely damaged from aerial and artillery bombardment and was unable to be saved from the resulting fire. Buckingham Palace also sustained a direct bomb impact and was rendered uninhabitable. Churchill lamented that it was the "saddest day in English history". Most members of Parliament and the Royal Family were safely evacuated to Canada days prior.
August 10, 1942 - Japanese bombers begin raids on Australia concentrating efforts on cities and ports in the North of the country. During the month of August, the Japanese complete several successful invasions of Fiji, Samoa, and New Caledonia. Australian ships are now cut off from supply from America.
August 12-14, 1942 – A British counter-attack fails under withering air power, strained supply chains and civilian evacuation diverting manpower. The British Army makes a full retreat up the Thames to defend what remains of London.
September 20, 1942 - London falls to German occupation and Churchill's home, Chartwell in Westerham, becomes HQ for the German invasion force led by Field Marshall Walther von Brauchitsch. Field Marshall Alan Brooke and General Bernard Montgomery organize the defense strategy against the German invaders from Northampton.
October 21, 1942 –Battle of Stalingrad: The situation for the Russian defenders of Stalingrad turns desperate and starvation forces them to surrender to German forces under General Friedrich Paulus. He later sends Adolf Hitler a telegram saying that the German Sixth Army is now unopposed.
November 3, 1942- Battle of Britain: German forces capture Northampton and Oxford after weeks of fierce resistance.
December 13, 1942 – The English winter has halted the German advance for the time being after entrenched British Home Guard hold the lines from Liverpool to Sheffield.
February 14, 1943 - Rommel secures control over both Tunisia and French Algeria. While on the Eastern front, German occupation forces obliterate Rostov-on-Don as a reprisal for a local uprising.
March 14, 1943 - After months of frostbite, malnutrition and illness at the Home Guard line, a renewed push by German forces breaks the front wide open. The British Home Guard makes a hasty retreat northward to Scotland.
March 22, 1943 –Khatyn massacre: The entire population of Khatyn in Belarus is burnt alive by the German occupation forces.
April 7, 1943 - The remaining forces in Britain, under Field Marshal Alan Brooke, surrender to Field Marshall Walther von Brauchitsch at Glasgow.
April 13, 1943 - The Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C. is dedicated on the 200th anniversary of Thomas Jefferson's birth by President Vandenberg.
May 5, 1943 - The formal instrument of surrender for British Forces in the UK is signed on the deck of the German Battleship Bismarck while docked in the Port of Bristol.
May 14, 1943 - Sir Oswald Mosley is appointed the new Prime Minister, under German direction, after being released from prison earlier in the year.
May 21, 1943 – The German Army begins a major clean-up effort in London using paid British laborers and lending manpower in effort to win hearts and minds. Many British citizens volunteer to help deliver German aid around their neighborhoods and villages, mostly since many British citizens are now unemployed and homeless.
June 8, 1943 – German forces invade into Yugoslavia to put down a Chetnik partisan uprising and bolster their Italian and Croat allies war effort.
June 10, 1943 - BUF militias with Einsatzgruppen support begin a campaign of clandestine arrests and executions against dissidents, Jews, Freemasons, recent emigres and former government officials over the course of the year across the British Isles.
June 21, 1943 - Race riots over civil rights abuses in Detroit and Harlem cause forty deaths and seven hundred injuries.
July 6, 1943 - After months of brutal siege and urban warfare, German forces have seized the city of Kazan on the north Volga River from the Soviets. This causes a catastrophic defeat for the Red Army of the North.
July 28, 1943 - Japanese forces seize the island of Tasmania, after 4 weeks of fighting, and begin preparing it as a launching base for the invasion of mainland Australia.
August 10, 1943 - Japanese bombers raid Australia's southwestern cities and ports in preparation for an invasion of the mainland. Urgent requests for US arms shipments to be sent to Australia are denied by President Vandenberg in an effort to avoid being pulled into war with Japan.
September 16, 1943 - With the withdrawal of Soviet forces from Iran, Shah Reza Pahlavi reforms his government around National Socialist principles and signs a trade agreement with Hitler to supply Germany with oil and other resources.
October 24, 1943 - The Japanese begin Operation Nomikai, a full scale invasion of Australia with a force of over 1 million soldiers by air and sea. Flinders, Torquay, Cape Paterson and Walkerville are the first beachheads to be captured after weeks of heavy bombardment. The Australian forces, out-supplied and outnumbered 7 to 1, struggle to defend territory from the rapid Japanese advance.
November 17, 1943 - The Detroit Conference is held for five days, concluding in an agreement between U.S. President Arthur Vandenberg, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and German Foreign Minister Von Ribbentrop about a formal peace treaty between Germany and the Commonwealth ensuring that the remaining members of the British Commonwealth, particularly Canada, will not be attacked by Germany. Arthur Vandenberg makes it clear, alluding to the Monroe Doctrine, that a German offensive into the Americas would mean trade sanctions and probable war. Adolf Hitler finally agrees , in exchange for generous post-war reconstruction aid, and the war between Germany and Britain is over after official recognition of Germany's occupation of the British Isles was guaranteed by the US. Many British citizens saw the abandonment of the British homeland as a disgraceful betrayal, permanently impugning the reputation of Winston Churchill and the Royal family exiled in Canada.
December 12, 1943 – In a major crackdown on English intelligentsia, German and BUF authorities conduct a purge at Oxford University. In a massive display, over 20,000 books are burned outside Bodleian Library and 23 academics are arrested by the SS, including Bertrand Russell who is shot while "trying to escape". Similar smaller purges occur over the next two weeks at Cambridge University, University of Edinburgh, University of Glasgow and the University of St Andrews.
December 17, 1943 - The first nuclear chain reaction is produced at the Auergesellschaft plant at Oranienburg, creating fission of Uranium U-238, under the direction of Wilhelm Ohnesorge and Nikolaus Riehl.
February 5, 1944 - A second Australian front is opened when 200,000 Japanese soldiers land at beachheads in Townsville and Darwin.
March 1, 1944 – Austrian-born economist Friedrich Hayek is arrested and executed in Birmingham, Great Britain, for his manuscript The Road to Serfdom, which was decreed to be a "treasonous assault against Reich economics".
April 10, 1944 - After a coup successfully deposes Stalin, Nikolai Bulganin, and others. New Soviet officials negotiate a ceasefire, ceding most land west of the Urals to the Germans in exchange for a cessation of hostilities. Adolf Hitler, with reservations, agrees to ending the war in the East. The next day Hitler declares Victory over Europe and is hailed as the “Savior of the German People”. A massive victory parade and rally is held in Berlin for the returning Reichswehr. The War in Europe is now over and the Nazi Reich begins consolidating its control over its various puppet regimes and war allies.
June 2, 1944 - Japanese forces advance south from Brisbane and capture Sydney as supplies run dry for the city defenders.
July 16, 1944 - By decision of the Soviet Politburo, Stalin and his close affiliates including Generals Molotov, Bulganin and Khrushchev, are quietly executed by firing squad in a military prison outside of Omsk. Over the next year the Soviet Union is reformed as the Democratic Federation of Soviet Republics (DFSR).
July 26, 1944 –The Messerschmitt Me-262 becomes the first jet fighter aircraft to enter military service.
August 11, 1944 - Australia finally capitulates after the siege of Canberra results in a decisive Japanese victory. Former PM, Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, negotiates the instrument of unconditional surrender and is later rewarded with the post of "Prime Minister and Governor-General" of an Australia that is now a vassal state in the Greater Japanese Empire. The Australian resistance will continue in the North and West for many years. This is seen as the end of the Japanese War in the Pacific. Japan can now focus its attention to consolidating control over its Chinese holdings.
October 1, 1944 - New concentration camp sites are erected in Western Russia to accommodate to newest influx of former Communist Party members, dissidents, “Mongolic” Slavs and Jews netted during the ongoing occupation of western Russia. In many cases, entire villages and towns have been razed by Waffen SS as reprisals for resistance. As part of the Ost Plan, these areas are being ethnically cleansed for the settlement of Germans.
November 6, 1944 - Arthur Vandenberg secures a second term as president, in a 332 to 199 defeat of challenger Henry Wallace, due to his steadfast avoidance of war and resurging economy. Despite neutrality remaining popular among Americans, many Democrats now worry about the advances Germany has made and its newfound position as the dominant power over Europe and Africa.
December 12, 1944 - The United States begins the Philadelphia Project, a clandestine project to create an atomic bomb, after learning that Germany has successfully tested an atomic bomb named the “Heisenberg Device" in the deserts of Algeria. The project will use the brightest minds of science and take several years to bear fruit.
March 5, 1945 - Hitler visits Moscow, under incredibly tight security by the SS, to inaugurate the new National Socialist regime under Konstantin Rodzaevsky. The new regime promises to accelerate the purge of former Communist elements and to eliminate Non-European and Jewish influences from Russia. The Reichswehr works with local partisans to continue to suppress former elements of the Red Army resistance still engaged in guerrilla warfare with the occupation forces in Western Russia.
May 7, 1945 - Germany invades Switzerland and, after two months of resistance, captures Bern and annexes the nation into the Reich.
The latest report of the UN Syria Commission covering the period from July 11 to January 31, 2019, once contained accusations of Bashar al-Assad regime and – for the first time – of Russian air force over airstrikes on Idlib. Naturally, the UN commission called such actions a war crime, blaming Russia and the Syrian authorities for violating human rights.submitted by AlexanderKovalenko to u/AlexanderKovalenko [link] [comments]
Meanwhile, as time shows, neither the occupation of Crimea and parts of Donetsk and Luhansk regions in Ukraine, nor the bloody crimes of the Russian troops in Syria, nor Russia's interference in the civil war in Libya, nor many other bloody and flagrant crimes of the Kremlin military machine seem to discourage a number of European politicians from supporting the Putin regime and even indulging it.
And, of course, against this background, I can't help but recall the invitation to the Kremlin's May 9 Victory Day parade of a number of European leaders, among whom, as you know, is French President Emmanuel Macron, who has already agreed to participate in this militaristic extravaganza of a war criminal.
In my opinion, it would be a real paradox, a surreal nonsense indeed, to see among those invited to the "Bavarian Generals Hall" in Munich, in 1942, to the annual pledge of allegiance of Nazi troops, figures like Winston Churchill, Charles De Gaulle or Franklin Delano Roosevelt. But, this paradox does manifest itself fully in 2020, when leaders of civilized European countries appear to be willing to stand along war criminal and dictator Vladimir Putin on Red Square. Or at least, one of them.
In fact, the attendance by Macron, or of any of world leader, at the May 9 parade in Moscow is not about their personal shame. First of all, this is about a historical shame for their countries, introducing this visit into the chronicles against the backdrop of the bloody bath in Idlib and another humanitarian crisis that the Kremlin is provoking through its Syrian puppet, Bashar al-Assad.
Standing next to the tyrant and seeing terrorist troops marching the square, while tens of thousands of Syrians are fleeing their homes amid bombings by Russian warplanes and the advance of the Russian-Assad troops – isn't it the greatest humiliation of own dignity?
Besides, along with refugees, Syrian officers and security operatives, as well as members of affiliated radical groups are also penetrating European borders. We are perfectly aware of what it will all result in for Europe, recalling the humanitarian crisis of 2015, when Russian-Assad groups created lots of dormant terrorist cells across the EU.
But if the problems of 2015, pulsating around the issue of Russian-controlled radicalism and terrorist blackmail, which brought populists and right-wing political forces to power, were limited to this, today Europe may be facing a threat of a different magnitude.
The humanitarian crisis of the current scale is extremely untimely in the context of the emergence in Europe of hotspots of the ubiquitous coronavirus, which can lead to its uncontrolled spread, thereby worsening the epidemiological situation in Europe significantly.
And therefore, the manifestation of any loyalty to and flirting with Putin is not just a personal humiliation for any politician who allows themselves to act like this – this is a potential humiliation for the whole nation, which they represent. This is humiliation before a war criminal and a tyrant.
Is Europe ready to accept this?
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